Commercial Trust warns landlords that they may face a prison sentence if they don’t carry out immigration status checks on potential tenants, following the second reading of the Immigration Bill being discussed in parliament .It may also open up landlords to possible claims of discrimination.

If the bill passes the second reading landlords will play a more pivotal role in the government’s move to cut down on illegal migrants. Although the bill addresses other concerns on immigration and asylum, what remains unnerving is a possible prison sentence for property owners who repeatedly failed to carry out checks.

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The push for private landlords to check the immigration status of prospective tenants pushes the responsibility of immigration checks from border guards onto unqualified landlords.  If landlords then steer away from tenants who may appear to be at risk they could then face a backlash with claims of being discriminatory.


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Since 1 December 2014, the ‘right to rent check’ was implemented and piloted in parts of West Midlands. In August 2015, the Government announced that a new Immigration Bill would amend further the rules on right to rent. At first, breaches were proposed to make the landlord liable for only a civil penalty, rather than a criminal equivalent, but this has now been altered to include criminal sanctions of up to five years in prison.

Andrew Turner, Director, Commercial Trust Ltd said, “The Immigration Bill wrongly pushes front line immigration checks onto landlords.  Many landlords will be unaware of the Bill and their new responsibilities and could inadvertently end up facing a prison sentence which is both unfair and unreasonable.  At the other end of the spectrum, landlords who become aware of the new Bill and become over cautious could instead open themselves up to challenges on the grounds of discrimination, leaving landlords between a rock and a hard place.

Andrew Turner
Andrew Turner

“While the code of practice for avoiding discrimination is welcome,landlords are not trained immigration officials and, in conducting right to rent checks, could find themselves in the precarious position of potentially committing one of two separate offences if they put a foot wrong.  It is also incredibly difficult to disseminate information on new legislation to landlords. The Immigration Bill is just one of many recent and upcoming changes to the legislative environment in which landlords operate, and a concerted effort to advise landlords of their changing obligations and responsibilities is desperately needed in place of the piecemeal approach currently employed.”

Andrew added, “Landlords are, after all, running businesses that are vital to the housing infrastructure of the UK. It is the government’s duty to ensure that landlords have all the knowledge and tools they need before any new laws take effect, and that they are not putting unreasonable burdens on the landlord community that may impact their ability to continue to provide housing for so many in the UK.”