As the Hermes Global High Yield, Global Investment Grade, Multi-Strategy and Absolute Return Credit strategies hit key milestones, Fraser Lundie CFA, Co-Head of Credit at Hermes Investment Management, explains how a rigorous investment process has allowed them to weather volatile storms.
Marking new milestones
This month, our Global High Yield Credit, Multi-Strategy Credit and Absolute Return Credit capabilities mark their eight-, five- and three-year anniversaries, respectively and in July, our Global Investment Grade Strategy will celebrate its eight-year anniversary. These four strategies have the following aims:
- Global High Yield Credit: generate a high level of income by investing primarily in a diversified portfolio of high-yield bonds. Since its May 2010 inception, it has consistently delivered top-quartile returns.
- Global Investment Grade: generate consistent, positive returns with low volatility by investing globally in investment-grade credit instruments.
- Multi-Strategy Credit: capture the majority of the high-yield market’s upside while minimising downside risk.
- Absolute Return Credit: consistently generate positive returns irrespective of the market direction, across asset classes and geographies with an investment-grade risk profile.
Note: Targets cannot be guaranteed.
Since the launch of these strategies, we have invested through tumultuous economic episodes and periods of geopolitical uncertainty while delivering on mandates:
Volatility is back (2018): In the first half of 2018, credit investors faced a period of heightened geopolitical risk, including the US-China trade dispute, North Korean nuclear tensions, and the re-imposition of US nuclear sanctions on Iran. Such risks contributed to the re-emergence of volatility in February – the fourth largest spike in volatility since 1995. Thanks to our proven investment approach, we were able to navigate through this period with optimal risk management and dynamic sizing of positions as regimes changed.
Calm between storms (2017): For credit investors, 2017 was largely characterised by rallying markets. In this benign environment, we aimed to optimise the convexity of our credit exposure to maximise upside capture. We increased returns by taking positions further along the credit curve and by finding attractive opportunities in unloved sectors, such as US retail.
Fundamental focus (2016): Through intensive bottom-up research, we executed contrarian trades such as our investments in the global mining sector in early 2016, which was still experiencing a cyclical downturn. Anticipating creditor-friendly moves by stronger companies to bolster their balance sheets by cutting dividends, reducing capital expenditure and selling assets, we increased our exposure to the sector. Throughout 2016, this contributed strongly to our overall return, showing the benefit of favouring fundamentals instead of prevailing sentiment.
Avoiding the lows of high yield (2015): In Q3 2015, amid growing certainty that the Fed would raise rates for the first time in almost a decade, liquidity fears spurred a global high-yield sell off that drove the market -4.50% lower for the quarter. In the preceding months, we increased our investment-grade credit and leveraged-loan allocation to 30% of the portfolio, and this exposure to higher quality assets preserved capital during a period of market stress and helped drive our 1.05% return for Multi-Strategy Credit in 2015.
Tapping the good oil (2014): In October 2014, oil prices began to fall precipitously after OPEC refused to halt production despite global oversupply. This adverse impact on the US shale market, where many producers were highly leveraged due to higher operational costs, would soon be felt in the credit market. Two months before oil prices began to slide, we cautioned that investors should be particularly selective in the North America shale oil and gas market as it featured many entrants with uncertain long-term prospects. We avoided these stressed companies and exploited the breadth of our universe by investing in more mature commodity businesses with proven operations and reserves, and in undervalued but robust oil companies in the politically beleaguered Russian market.
The taper test (2013): In Q2 2013, when the Fed first indicated that it would reduce quantitative easing after almost five years, the market’s acute sensitivity to changes in US interest rates became clear. Fear of a rate hike had already caused overcrowding in short-duration bonds, and this strong demand allowed issuers to introduce looser covenants and shorter non-call periods. We were unwilling to accept the consequent risks – high valuations, weaker investor protections and diminished upside – and invested in credit default swaps of companies instead to gain a similar short-duration exposure.
A proven track record
Our dynamic approach to global credit has driven strong risk-adjusted returns across our diversified range of high-conviction strategies, as evidenced by their Sharpe ratios, despite macroeconomic and technical market shocks (see figure 2 and 3).
Figure 2: The performance of our strategies since inception
|Strategy||Inception date||Three-year cumulative returns (gross)||Since inception cumulative returns (gross)||Since Inception Sharpe Ratio|
|Global High Yield||1 June 2010||25%||91%||1.2|
|Multi-Strategy Credit||1 June 2013||15%||30%||1.6|
|Investment Grade||1 July 2010||15%||47%||1.3|
|Absolute Return||1 June 2015||7.0%||7.0%||1.5|
Source: Hermes as at 31 May 2018. Past performance is not a reliable guide to future performance. The value of investments and income from them may go down as well as up, and you may not get back the original amount invested.
Although geopolitical risks, US dollar strength, and continued monetary policy normalisation by the Fed are the key forces at play in the current investment landscape, our focus will be on continuing to identify strategic and tactical opportunities to generate alpha and preserve capital.
Figure 3: Liquid credit net annualised returns
Figure 4: Rolling Performance
|Strategy||31/05/17 to 31/05/18||31/05/16 to 31/05/17||31/05/15 to 31/05/16||31/05/14 to 31/05/15||31/05/13 to 31/05/14|
|Global High Yield||2.42%||12.21%||-1.66%||3.36%||10.83%|
Source: Hermes as at 31 May 2018. All performance shown is in USD net of fees.
It should be noted that any investments overseas may be affected by currency exchange rates.
Where the strategy invests in debt instruments (such as bonds) there is a risk that the entity who issues the contract will not be able to repay the debt or to pay the interest on the debt. If this happens then the value of the strategy may vary sharply in value or result in loss. The strategy makes extensive use of Financial Derivative Instruments (FDIs), the value of which depends on the performance of an underlying asset. Small changes in the price of that asset may cause larger changes in the value of the FDIs, increasing either potential gain or loss.