Only true 3D crowd simulation can offer designers real freedom to design the best-performing buildings
Building Information Modelling, or BIM, can be thought of as a virtual prototype – whether of a building, a site, an infrastructure system or a city. It allows any aspect of a design’s performance to be simulated and assessed before it is built – helping us to understand the complete design at an earlier stage. Given that any building is built for the people who will use and occupy it, the goals of BIM can only truly be realised if the way people will behave in a building is understood and can be visualised in true 3D.
When software applications are used to conduct pedestrian simulation, the data input relies on the definition of building elements such as doors, stairs and escalators. Without a standardised data model, these elements have to be recreated in the simulation software. Using the IFC data schema, the model of these elements can be imported without loss of data. Oasys Software’s MassMotion pedestrian simulation tools uses the IFC data format that underpins BIM to make simulation quicker, faster and more flexible so it can become part of the design process form the very start.
Querying data, creating new scenarios and asking “what if” become practical and economical – even for crowds of tens of thousands of people. Ideas can fly, new solutions can emerge.
So Oasys Software designers work on the principle that, no matter how sophisticated and integrated 3D modelling and simulation tools become, their raison d’être is to bring to life the interactions between designers and between each design element.
This evolving process that we all know as BIM is transforming the way that cities, buildings and systems are designed to perform throughout their entire life cycle, and 3D crowd simulation is adding a whole new dimension to the way designers think. Arup designers have been leading the way as the early adopters and beneficiaries of MassMotion, the pedestrian modelling tool designed by its development team at Oasys, which is now commercially available as the first and so far only truly BIM-compatible crowd simulator with native 3D capabilities.
With flagship projects like the 10-year redevelopment of Toronto’s Union Station, New York’s Hudsons Yards and a host of airport terminals and sports stadia on its CV, Oasys Software’s MassMotion is maintaining a clear thought and technical leadership in crowd simulation. It informs and influences design, it streamlines construction keeping everyone on site safe and it communicates results in a highly visual manner that is meaningful to all stakeholders and decisions makers.
With outputs that are as close to real life observations as it is possible to get, MassMotion is high on any engineer’s wish list. In addition, new SQL database-driven storage simulation data and highly flexible analysis tools makes MassMotion faster and more flexible than ever before. All this adds up to a powerful, scalable tool that is proving to be equally suitable for smaller-scale projects, with pricing that allows for a rapid return on investment. Rarely is this speed and flexibility more important that the redevelopment of a railway interchange, where there will be no question of suspending transport services during a project or excluding the travelling public from the scene altogether.
The 10-year project at Union Station in Toronto involves three major capital projects to make train, subway, and train shed facilities fit to cater for 250,000 people per day. When the project master plan was adopted in 2004, Arup was awarded the contract to assess the pedestrian flows through Union Station during refurbishment and through to 2021. MassMotion revealed a number of opportunities and constraints for the refurbishment project, as well as informing the best locations of retail, commercial and transit-related facilities.
Clearly, there is more to crowd modelling than transport planning: there is a growing recognition of its importance in future urban redevelopment. MassMotion is looking to that future and is able to simulate the behaviour of crowds of hundreds of thousands of people across whole districts. It is, however, equally useful for exploring the behaviour of a few thousand people in a more limited space – and this it can do in real time, drawing from data in standard cad models and scheduling agents with individual agendas such as a need to get to a rail platform, grab a bite to eat, or an inclination to choose stairs over escalators. All this behaviour is informed by academic research into the nature of how crowds move (Fruin et al) and how mathematical models can be used to replicate these movements (Helbing et al).
Risk is not scalable – but MassMotion is
Whether you are dealing with one person, 1000, or 1M, there is an overarching duty to ensure safety. Whether you have one contractor on site at or a dozen, the effects of all their activities need to be assessed. The redevelopment at Birmingham New Street station is a case in point. There, the successful, seamless overnight switch from Phase 1 to Phase 2 last year not only marked a significant half way point in a massive project but also demonstrated to rail bosses the power of crowd simulation to go beyond basic evacuation planning and add value to a project.
That it all went so smoothly was in no small part due to the crowd modelling work undertaken by the Arup team who are facilitating construction work. Their job is to ensure continuing passenger safety and plan for emergency evacuation throughout the four and a half year transformation, responding quickly to multiple contractors requirements to close, say, an escalator or a platform. To this end they have introduced Oasys’s MassMotion 3D crowd simulation software to the Network Rail project and their crowd simulation work is underpinning construction staging throughout the project.
Alan Wilson, lead fire engineer in the Arup team based at New Street throughout the whole project, has responsibility for delivering crowd management solutions that will accommodate the needs of multiple construction teams. MassMotion gives his team the essential speed and the flexibility to do this, typically delivering results within the hour, revealing potential bottlenecks and issues which hand calculations would have missed. Importantly, they can also quickly interrogate the model to explore alternative solutions.
MassMotion’s highly visual genuinely-3D output that gives clear information to the stakeholders who must approve each proposed change, in this case the Fire Brigade and Network Rail.
Alan Wilson says: “I have no doubt that MassMotion has been instrumental in keeping the construction process flowing. On the Birmingham Gateway project it has more than proved itself as a tool for managing crowd movements at any scale.”
What’s New in MassMotion 6.0 for 2014
With MassMotion 6.0 you now have industry-leading analysis tools to go with MassMotion’s state-of-the-art simulation tools. With the new high-performance database to store and retrieve simulation results, you can rapidly analyse your designs using a variety of built-in graphing, mapping, and filtering tools.
MassMotion 6.0 also introduces a new user interface that adds a range of powerful new features, such as dynamic scene search, select anywhere behaviour, time tables, and dynamic properties now make it easier to work with your data, while high-quality real time 3D graphics and direct image and video capture make it easier for you to build materials and presentations.
- New database back-end for storage of simulation results
- Powerful filter based querying system
- New spreadsheet based scheduling tools
- Multiple 3D views
- Fast 3D playback of results
- Built in graphing capability
- Tabular results
- Density (LOS) textures on geometry
- Footfall tracking (paths) textures on geometry
- CSV export
- Flexible licensing options to match user requirements
Australia says no further Facebook, Google amendments as final vote nears
By Colin Packham
CANBERRA (Reuters) – Australia will not alter legislation that would make Facebook and Alphabet Inc’s Google pay news outlets for content, a senior lawmaker said on Monday, as Canberra neared a final vote on whether to pass the bill into law.
Australia and the tech giants have been in a stand-off over the legislation widely seen as setting a global precedent.
Other countries including Canada and Britain have already expressed interest in taking some sort of similar action.
Facebook has protested the laws. Last week it blocked all news content and several state government and emergency department accounts, in a jolt to the global news industry, which has already seen its business model upended by the titans of the technological revolution.
Talks between Australia and Facebook over the weekend yielded no breakthrough.
As Australia’s senate began debating the legislation, the country’s most senior lawmaker in the upper house said there would be no further amendments.
“The bill as it stands … meets the right balance,” Simon Birmingham, Australia’s Minister for Finance, told Australian Broadcasting Corp Radio.
The bill in its present form ensures “Australian-generated news content by Australian-generated news organisations can and should be paid for and done so in a fair and legitimate way”.
The laws would give the government the right to appoint an arbitrator to set content licencing fees if private negotiations fail.
While both Google and Facebook have campaigned against the laws, Google last week inked deals with top Australian outlets, including a global deal with Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.
“There’s no reason Facebook can’t do and achieve what Google already has,” Birmingham added.
A Facebook representative declined to comment on Monday on the legislation, which passed the lower house last week and has majority support in the Senate.
A final vote after the so-called third reading of the bill is expected on Tuesday.
Lobby group DIGI, which represents Facebook, Google and other online platforms like Twitter Inc, meanwhile said on Monday that its members had agreed to adopt an industry-wide code of practice to reduce the spread of misinformation online.
Under the voluntary code, they commit to identifying and stopping unidentified accounts, or “bots”, disseminating content; informing users of the origins of content; and publishing an annual transparency report, among other measures.
(Reporting by Byron Kaye and Colin Packham; Editing by Sam Holmes and Hugh Lawson)
GSK and Sanofi start with new COVID-19 vaccine study after setback
By Pushkala Aripaka and Matthias Blamont
(Reuters) – GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi on Monday said they had started a new clinical trial of their protein-based COVID-19 vaccine candidate, reviving their efforts against the pandemic after a setback in December delayed the shot’s launch.
The British and French drugmakers aim to reach final testing in the second quarter, and if the results are conclusive, hope to see the vaccine approved by the fourth quarter after having initially targeted the first half of this year.
In December, the two groups stunned investors when they said their vaccine would be delayed towards the end of 2021 after clinical trials showed an insufficient immune response in older people.
Disappointing results were probably caused by an inadequate concentration of the antigen used in the vaccine, Sanofi and GSK said, adding that Sanofi has also started work against new coronavirus variants to help plan their next steps.
Global coronavirus infections have exceeded 110 million as highly transmissible variants of the virus are prompting vaccine developers and governments to tweak their testing and immunisation strategies.
GSK and Sanofi’s vaccine candidate uses the same recombinant protein-based technology as one of Sanofi’s seasonal influenza vaccines. It will be coupled with an adjuvant, a substance that acts as a booster to the shot, made by GSK.
“Over the past few weeks, our teams have worked to refine the antigen formulation of our recombinant-protein vaccine,” Thomas Triomphe, executive vice president and head of Sanofi Pasteur, said in a statement.
The new mid-stage trial will evaluate the safety, tolerability and immune response of the vaccine in 720 healthy adults across the United States, Honduras and Panama and test two injections given 21 days apart.
Sanofi and GSK have secured deals to supply their vaccine to the European Union, Britain, Canada and the United States. It also plans to provide shots to the World Health Organization’s COVAX programme.
To appease critics after the delay, Sanofi said earlier this year it had agreed to fill and pack millions of doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine from July.
Sanofi is also working with Translate Bio on another COVID-19 vaccine candidate based on mRNA technology.
(Reporting by Pushkala Aripaka in Bengaluru and Matthias Blamont in Paris; editing by Jason Neely and Barbara Lewis)
Don’t ignore “lockdown fatigue”, UK watchdog tells finance bosses
By Huw Jones
LONDON (Reuters) – Staff at financial firms in Britain are suffering from “lockdown fatigue” and their bosses are not always making sure all employees can speak up freely about their problems, the Financial Conduct Authority said on Monday.
Many staff at financial companies have been working from home since Britain went into its first lockdown in March last year to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.
One year on, the challenges have evolved from adapting to working remotely to dealing with mental health issues, said David Blunt, the FCA’s head of conduct specialists.
“During this third lockdown, there has been a greater impact on mental well-being, with many people struggling with job security, caring responsibilities, home schooling, bereavements and lockdown fatigue.”
Bosses should continually revisit how they lead remote teams, he said.
“The impact of COVID-19 is creating a huge workload for those considered to be high performers, while the remote environment potentially makes it much more challenging for those who were previously considered low performers to change that perception,” Blunt told a City & Financial online event.
Companies should consider “psychological safety” or ensuring that all employees feel confident about speaking out and challenging opinions.
“We’ve heard varying reports of how successful this has been,” Blunt said.
Pressures in the financial sector were highlighted this month when accountants KPMG said its UK chairman Bill Michael had stepped aside during a probe into comments he made to staff.
The Financial Times said Michael, who later apologised for his comments, had told staff to “stop moaning” about the impact of the pandemic on their work lives.
Blunt was speaking as the FCA next month completes the full rollout of rules that force senior managers at financial firms to be personally accountable for their decisions to improve conduct standards.
There have only been a “modest” number of breaches reported to regulators so far as firms worry about being “tainted” but more cases will become public as sanctions are revealed, Blunt said.
“Regulators won’t be impressed by lowballing the figures.”
(Reporting by Huw Jones; Editing by Mark Heinrich)
Unexpected Growth Seen for Paint Additives Market by 2022 | Akzo Nobel NV, Arkema SA, Ashland Global Holdings, Inc
Future Market Insights (FMI) has offered a 5-year forecast for the global paint additives market in its new report titled...
Polymer Coated Fabrics Market Research Development, Top Companies, Trends And Growth 2017 To 2022 | BASF SE, Akzo Nobel NV, Saint-Gobain, PPG Industries, Inc
A new market study on polymer coated fabrics, published by Future Market Insights, reveals the changing demands for technical textiles...
Industrial Vacuum Cleaners Market Research Development, Top Companies, Trends And Growth 2018 To 2028 | Alfred Kärcher GmbH & Co. KG, American Vacuum Company, Nilfisk Group
This FMI study offers a ten-year analysis and forecast for the global Industrial Vacuum Cleaners market for the period between 2018 and...
Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Treatment Devices Market Will Exhibit a Steady 7% CAGR through 2029- Future Market Insights
The rising prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant women, stress urinary incontinence due to diabetes, gynaecology disorders, and urinary incontinence...
Venous Thromboembolism Treatment Market Study: Mechanical & Interventional Prophylaxis Systems Trend in North America
The global demand for venous thromboembolism treatment market is likely to grow steadily over the forthcoming years. As indicated by...
Aircraft Tire Market – By 2026 Top Winning Strategies, COVID-19 Impacting Factors, Business Strategies | Key Players – Bridgestone Corporation, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin, Polymer Enterprises, Inc
Future Market Insights has adopted multi-disciplinary approach to shed light on the evolution of the Aircraft Tire Market during the historical period....
Vision Screeners Market CAGR Projected to Grow at 6% Through 2029
Global vision screener sales are likely to near US$ 500 Mn by the end of 2019. According to a new research intelligence study...
Home Sleep Screening Devices Market is Expected to Expand at an 8.4% CAGR Over 2018 to 2028 – Future Market Insights
According to the latest research by Future Market Insights (FMI), global sales of home sleep screening devices exceeded the revenues...
Fifth Wheel Coupling Market – Global Industry Analysis, Trends, Production, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis and Forecast 2021-2028|Key Top Players- SAF Holland, JOST Werke AG, Guangdong Fuwa Engineering Group Co., Ltd., Sohshin Co. Ltd.
Future Market Insights has adopted multi-disciplinary approach to shed light on the evolution of the Fifth Wheel Coupling Market during the...
Automotive Sensors Market Report Analysis 2021 – 2028 | Global Industry Growth, COVID-19 Business Impact Analysis, Research Report, Trends with Top Key Players
Future Market Insights has adopted multi-disciplinary approach to shed light on the evolution of the Automotive Sensors Market during the historical period....