Survey in U.S. and Canada also finds unemployment is biggest risks to consumer credit health
The widening wealth gap is a concern to more than six in ten bank risk professionals, according to the latest quarterly survey of North American bank risk managers conducted for FICO (NYSE:FICO), a leading predictive analytics and decision management software company. In the survey, 62 percent of respondents agreed that “the wealth gap poses a growing risk to the financial system in North America.”
“The economy in North America is driven largely by broad-based consumer activity, so it makes sense that the concentration of wealth would raise flags among bank risk managers,” said Dr. Andrew Jennings, FICO’s chief analytics officer and head of FICO Labs. “This concern was echoed on a global scale by Credit Suisse in a recent report that found many indicators of wealth inequality are reaching levels that could result in social or political instability.”
Are we becoming desensitised to risk of student loan defaults?
For the first time in four years, a large majority (59 percent) of respondents expected student loan delinquencies to level off or decrease over the next six months. With only 41 percent of respondents expecting delinquencies to increase, this is the least pessimistic sentiment regarding student loans in the survey’s history.
“This sentiment can be interpreted in a couple of ways,” said Mike Gordon, FICO’s executive vice president of Sales, Services and Marketing. “Some lenders may simply feel things can’t get any worse, even if the outlook isn’t rosy. But others may believe the economy has finally recovered to a point that will allow more people to stay current on their student loans. It will be interesting to see if this quarter’s sentiment proves to be an aberration or the start of a new trend.”
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The survey, conducted for FICO by the Professional Risk Managers’ International Association (PRMIA), also asked bankers about risks to consumer credit health. The most common concern among bankers surveyed was “under-employment and/or unemployment” (41 percent) while 22 percent cited “increasing consumer indebtedness.” The third and fourth most common concerns were “a sudden shock to the financial system” (16 percent) and “rising interest rates” (12 percent). Eight percent of those surveyed said a “weakening of the housing market” was the biggest risk to consumer credit health.
Outlook positive for small business lending
Continuing a recent trend, survey respondents throughout the U.S. and Canada were optimistic about small business lending. Among those polled, 42 percent expected the amount of credit extended to small businesses to increase over the next six months, while nine percent expected that amount to decrease. In addition, 39 percent expected the approval rate for small business loans to increase, with 15 percent expecting the approval rate to decrease.
In the survey, 27 percent of respondents said they were concerned that the supply of credit for small businesses would fail to meet demand over the next six months. That is nearly unchanged from last quarter (28 percent) and a marked improvement from the 40 percent of respondents who believed supply would fall short of demand in Q1 2014.
A detailed report of FICO’s quarterly survey is available here. The survey included responses from 149 risk managers at banks throughout the U.S. and Canada in September 2014. FICO and PRMIA express special thanks to Columbia Business School’s Center for Decision Sciences for its assistance in analysing the survey results.