By Robert K. Mason, Janet Howard and Janet Lee, partners in Norton Rose’s Toronto office.
While the Canadian economy has been historically reliant on a wealth of natural resources, the mining and exploration industry is experiencing tremendous growth domestically and internationally. There are opportunities for inbound and outbound investment there never have been before. Mining companies and the financial community are extremely well placed to make the most of this as Canada has a well-earned reputation as one of the most stable mining jurisdictions in the world. Foreign investment is and always has been essential to a vibrant economy, and Canada has not engaged in the resource nationalism that is presently occurring in many countries around the world.
On the contrary, in May 2012, the Canadian government announced that regulations would be amended to progressively raise the review threshold for foreign takeover deals under the Investment Canada Act from $330 million in asset value to $1 billion in enterprise value over a four-year period. In April 2012, the federal government announced it would amend the Investment Canada Act to provide greater transparency in the review process of proposed foreign acquisitions. Both of these developments are very good news for foreign investment in the resource sector in Canada, where a great number of deals are below $1 billion in value.
As with many other parts of the world, in Canada we are seeing continued investment in the mining sector by Asian investors as they seek to supply the resources they need to continue their economic growth. China is of course the region’s largest player and its companies are applying some well thought out strategies to investment. Many Chinese companies building their businesses in Canada are doing so by making a number of smaller acquisitions instead of focusing on one big deal.
This approach has several advantages. Smaller deals may not require review under the Investment Canada Act and the regulatory approvals required in China may not be as onerous. It also allows Chinese companies to reduce some risk. If a smaller deal doesn’t work out, it won’t have the same impact as a big one failing. Companies can shift direction more easily if market circumstances change quickly or if they decide to take a different tack. And it allows companies to not receive public attention as they invest in Canada if this is something they prefer.
Chinese companies investing in mining operations in Canada often have the advantage of having access to acquisition and project financing provided by Chinese banks. As part of China’s policy to encourage companies to invest overseas, certain Chinese banks are active in providing acquisition and project financing, which is often guaranteed by the mother company in China.
For all the tremendous growth in the mining industry, the difficulty for companies to get financing has been a reality in the sector recently. This has been driven by a volatile stock market. Companies have to be even more alert for financing windows when they open, as they can shut very quickly. Companies have also been utilizing alternative ways to get the funding they need to move forward.
Issuing high yield notes are options for some mining companies in Canada and around the world. With the growth opportunities that exist in the sector, paying more for funding may not be a deterrent to funding key projects and deals. Most companies that have sold high-yield bonds have producing mines. There are signs that interest is increasing among junior miners to fund exploration and that investors are becoming more receptive to those deals for the right return. Banks are for this if it means good deals.
Convertible debentures are another method. Investors seem more willing in the current market conditions to invest in convertible debentures which offer both yield and potential future shares rather than in straight equity. This type of financing is most appropriate for producing or near producing issuers which will be able to cover the interest expense with actual mining revenue. A number of convertible debenture deals have been completed recently in an otherwise challenging financing market.
Offtake agreements are being entered into as well. They are popular with some investors whose highest priority is to get minerals out of the ground to supply their demand. Offtake agreements have been a major source of financing of near production projects over the last two to three years, especially iron ore. It’s been the most common way for companies to raise significant money without diluting down their existing shareholders.
Offtake agreements can be challenging however, as they affect any M&A strategy companies may have in the near or long term. The commitments that agreements bring may make potential buyers of a company turn away from a deal. If the offtake company is the eventual strategic buyer in a deal, this isn’t an issue. But it’s something companies need to consider before entering into an offtake agreement.
Another creative alternative financing approach was taken by Canada’s Gran Colombia Gold Corp. in 2011. The company issued $80 million in a public offering of silver-linked notes, they were worth $1,000 each with an annual interest rate of 5.0%, payable semi-annually over seven years. But holders could choose to receive the financial equivalent of approximately 66.7 ounces of silver per note, using a notional price of US$15 per ounce of silver. This provides holders with the opportunity to benefit from silver prices in excess of the price per ounce.
While it may be counter-intuitive in a market where it can be difficult to raise capital, resulting financial pressures have created new M&A opportunities. There has been recent activity in the joint ventures arena. In instances where one joint venture partner is no longer able to satisfy capital calls to finance its share of an exploration budget, there is increased willingness to negotiate an exit, rather than face dilution of its interest under the terms of the joint venture agreement. The resulting consolidation of ownership of one partner’s interest in a mining project can take the form of a court approved plan of arrangement, a friendly take over bid or a direct transfer of the joint venture interest. This recent consolidation of ownership paves the way for future consolidation on a company-by-company basis as projects in the advanced stages of exploration start to come on line, transitioning into the revenue generating phase of production.
The mining sector and Asian markets are key areas of growth in Canada and globally, creating exciting and wide-ranging international opportunities for the financial community.
Corporate treasuries under pressure need multi-banking trade finance technology
By Andrew Raymond, CEO, Bolero International
The pressures on corporate treasuries in global trade have continued to mount since an HSBC survey last December found many felt ill-equipped to meet the demands placed on them.
Since then the pandemic has caused massive disruption and has overturned many carefully-laid plans. The same pressures identified in the survey remain, but have intensified. Treasurers still face ever-more complex flows of information from multiple systems while relying substantially on manual processes. At the same time they are expected to drive change and provide strategic insight.
It was no surprise then that two-thirds of treasurers in the survey were planning changes to the technology they used as part of transformation programmes to increase efficiency and bring greater visibility to treasury operations.
Reliance on manual methods and paper documents makes little sense and is unsafe
As we move through the pandemic, pressure on cashflow and working capital remain potent factors. Many treasurers working for enterprises engaged in global trade know that continuing to use manual methods to manage credit lines, and important trade finance instruments such as letters of credit (LCs) or guarantees is hard to justify in an age of digitisation and multi-banking trade finance solutions.
Not least because of the constant problem of fraud and forgery in relation to paper documents, which has led some banks to withdraw from involvement in commodity trade finance. The allegations of prolonged major fraud against the oil trader Hin Leong in Singapore are a case in point, sending tremors through the trade finance world. Court documents reportedly allege the fraudulent use of 58 import letters of credit that were not supported by any underlying transaction. Forged bank statements, bills of lading, sales contracts and invoices are also allegedly involved in very substantial fraud designed to cover losses and give a false impression of liquidity.
The case has not just exposed the susceptibility of paper trade documentation to forgery – it has also prompted some well-known European long-term commodity finance banks to withdraw or review their activities in this field. None of this makes everyday operations any easier for corporate treasuries still using paper in trade finance.
Reducing fraud through digitisation of trade finance
With fraud such a substantial problem, treasurers need to think hard about digitisation and how it reduces the risks. Paper documents can be forged when out of sight while being couriered around the globe. Once a document is digitised, however, fraud or forgery become extremely difficult because of encryption and audit trails. The electronic document remains completely visible at all time, but only to those engaged in the transaction and only the legitimate holder can amend it.
Increasing the efficiency of each trade transaction through digitisation
Digitisation substantially reduces the chances of fraud, but it also transforms how treasuries manage credit lines, letters of credit and guarantees, vastly increasing the speed and efficiency of transactions. It also maintains relationships with preferred banks.
In a digitised workflow, automation takes care of the data-uploading for LCs, while transfer between parties is at the click of a mouse across secure digital networks. LCs are notoriously complex instruments requiring close attention to detail and strict compliance with the rules governing their use. Compliance-checking can also be automated to reduce the administrative burden on treasuries and increase accuracy.
These advantages are important because the use of paper under LCs can imperil a transaction at many potential break-points. Documents must be presented physically, often to a prescribed location. Yet being time-limited, LCs (and bank guarantees) often expire before they are used, or their presentation periods are found to have been exceeded. Prevention of these problems requires constant supervision and many hours of work. When lines expire, new and potentially more expensive credit must be negotiated, while failure to present on time threatens transactions, leads to substantial extra costs, delays in releasing cargo and poor relationships between counterparties.
Consolidating credit lines and trade finance on a single, easy-to-use platform
The most effective form of digitisation for corporate treasuries is through a multi-bank trade finance platform which will slash the time involved in supervising credit lines, LCs and guarantees. An exporter may have thousands of LCs and guarantees with dozens of different banks. Optimising their use still requires laborious logging in and out of banking portals. Finding a single LC or guarantee relating to a transaction can be very difficult.
If treasuries implement multi-banking trade finance solutions, they will eliminate the need to toggle between different bank portals. They gain quick and easy access to all their banks, along with far greater visibility and control of all their credit lines and individual LCs. From a single platform they can manage and edit all their trade finance documentation and electronic presentations, as well as open account transactions and electronic bills of lading. All tracking and reporting is accomplished with a few mouse-clicks, while communications with banks remain secure. This is a major advantage when remote working is on the increase in so many areas of the globe.
As the world changes, but the pressures intensify, there is an urgent need for treasuries to grasp greater efficiency and visibility in their management and optimisation of credit lines and trade finance. It makes the adoption of multi-banking trade finance solutions an obvious first move.
How can financial services companies deliver great customer service and retain customer loyalty?
By Chris Angus, Senior Director, 8×8
The reality many banks are facing now is that given Amazon Prime can deliver goods to our doors in less than 24 hours, even during a pandemic, consumers expect the banks they use to keep up with their needs.
People want to be able to access their bank accounts, services and speak to an expert within a matter of minutes, whether it’s via an app on their device, web-chat or over the phone – their expectations are high. Adding to this, the World Health Organisation has advised consumers to use cards instead of banknotes during the Covid-19 pandemic – changing the way consumers pay for products.
With the recent health crisis forcing contact centres to shift to home working, collaboration can be more challenging, especially without the appropriate IT systems and applications in place. A delay in communication or unavailable information can, over time, cause reputational damage.
According to Deloitte, the bank of 2023 will look very different from today, making it clear that financial institutions should consider how they prepare for the future.
- Review your business communications strategy – both inside and out.
A crucial part of this preparation needs to be on reviewing business communications – both internally and externally – ensuring that employees can seamlessly collaborate and connect regardless of their location.
And technology is key to this movement, not only between teams, but also with customers. With the right communication tools in place, employees can gain better insight and deliver services that meet customer expectations. This results in not only satisfied customers, but also happier, and more motivated employees. All of which goes towards truly building a solid foundation for business recovery and continuity.
For many businesses right now, the future feels uncertain, so it’s important to consider the flexibility of solutions before deployment. Cloud computing, for example, allows businesses to stay nimble, scaling up and down their requirements to reflect the needs of the business and their customers.
- Implement an ‘Operate from anywhere’ strategy
The first half of 2020 was defined by the need for agility, an adjustment in how we operate our day-to-day lives and how we communicate both professionally and personally. The remainder of 2020 and beyond will focus on the application of technology to define how we reinvent working and connecting with each other, our customers, partners, and beyond.
To deliver great customer service, while ensuring employees are happy, productive and most of all safe, businesses need to be able to operate from anywhere. Yet, for many with contact centre requirements, this is not an easy transition. Enabling contact centre agents to work flexibly and from remote locations is now a critical component of business operations that must be top of mind for the entire C-suite.
Agents need to have the right tools to ensure they can continue to provide the same level of customer service, from any location. For an operate-from-anywhere strategy to be effective, organisations should consider how they can combine voice, team chat and video meetings on a single technology platform.
The use of multiple apps for multiple purposes can have the opposite effect than intended. Unifying communication channels enables collaboration and productivity while minimizing complexity. It also means a more streamlined and efficient experience for both employees and customers aiding great customer service.
- Meeting expectations is key
Not only have recent events affected contact centres operations, but the traditional, in-person branch experience has also been significantly impacted. Bank branches can now only accommodate a small percentage of customers. These restrictions have accelerated the impetus for businesses to meet their customers’ needs online, but also, the expectations of customers have also evolved rapidly. Virtual instant communication between businesses and consumers is now becoming a basic customer need. For financial services, this means considering digital-first applications, such as chatbots or instant messaging, where possible.
Businesses now also need to be where their customers are and offer them an omnichannel experience. Via the cloud, businesses can continue to serve customer needs through multiple channels such as voice, video, email, SMS and more.
While meeting expectations needs to be a priority – it’s not enough. Financial services institutions need to ensure they meet those expectations at speed, being the new battleground for competition. When it comes to finances, consumers expect their problems to be dealt with at speed and to the highest standards.
In summary, taking a technology-first approach which enables both employees and consumers to operate and access their data and communication tools from anywhere is the defacto business priority. Helping the financial services industry empower employees to better serve customer expectations with speed and accuracy – and ultimately delivering great customer service.
How payments can help streamline operations and boost customer satisfaction in the vending industry
By Darren Anderson, Business Development Manager, Self Service, Ingenico Enterprise Retail
The COVID-19 pandemic has had an astounding impact on the payments industry, causing cash usage to plummet as contactless and card-not-present volumes soared. Of course, this phenomenon was not unforeseen by payments professionals, who had predicted such a movement away from cash, but not at the speed the virus guidelines facilitated. In fact, due in part to the hygiene perks of contactless payment methods increasing its adoption, 50% of customers think that cash will disappear completely at some point in the future.
The unattended market was ahead of the pandemic in terms of contactless alternative payment method (APM) adoption, and it continues to upgrade its offerings to suit a wider range of industries. Nevertheless, the pain point for vending operators is that they’re often not sure exactly how these technologies work, or how to implement them. And with payments offerings constantly evolving, it’s becoming harder for vending operators to know which solution would be the best fit for their business.
As such, one easy way for vending operators to ease this load is to partner with a knowledgeable payments advisor who can not only provide the best solutions for their business, but guide them through the process and any need-to-knows. It’s also important to investigate the payments trends across the vending market, what the future might bring and what vending operators need to know about newer payments technology and the value it can bring to their unattended retail business operations.
Vending through the pandemic
Coronavirus has impacted the unattended market in various ways. In some cases, vending machine use has decreased as a result of lower footfall and closed premises. However, the nature of vending being self-service, for many it’s just been a case of upgrading systems to meet new guidelines and hygiene recommendations to start boosting their usage again. As cash usage decreased over the course of the pandemic, cards and APMs stepped in to provide a host of benefits, and as customers use and enjoy these seamless technologies, they are fast becoming the preference.
These developments have provided the opportunity for vending operators to embrace newer technologies which, although ultimately positive, can prove daunting if such retailers are not accustomed to working closely with payments. Fortunately, the vending market is in a great position to take advantage of new contactless technologies, being already low on human interaction and having 24/7 capabilities.
What’s more, the market can not only cater to consumers’ evolving needs, but it can also provide the flexibility and reliability that consumers are relying on as the world around them is changing. Many new technologies can also improve the general operations and management of vending, offering features such as easier on-the-go stock management and maintenance notification technology.
Keeping the consumer in mind
Consumers today want to enjoy the latest innovations and best-in-class customer experiences. These shoppers believe that self-service is a time-saver, and they also view cashless and contactless as faster and more seamless ways to pay – a fact which is reflected in the recent consumer demand for a wider variety of APMs. Customers now expect even more options to pay for their goods and services, from QR codes, to in-app payments and more.
Alongside the cashless trend, data-security and customer experience are two other factors driving the vending market evolution. With constantly evolving fraud developments in the online world, good security is more pertinent than ever, and has to be a central consideration to vending operators – as well as ensuring a seamless customer experience.
From a customer usage standpoint, mobile payments are becomingly increasing popular, as driven by the Gen Z market. According to our research, 63% of Gen Zers have said they would pay more for a mobile experience.
Trust and a good experience are also considerable factors across all customer groups, with 95% of customers claiming their loyalties lie with a company they trust, and 86% willing to pay more for a positive experience.
To appeal to ever-hungry consumers, vending operators need to provide the options they want. In the unattended market, this is relatively simple – not only do they provide a convenient and reliable method of payment for customers, but they also avoid face-to-face interaction. They can also supply a range of different products and accept a variety of payment methods to appeal to all customers, no matter their preference.
Using payments to drive revenue
Driving revenue is a two-pronged approach – you need to appeal to customers to keep them coming, and streamline operations to reduce overheads. In order to meet both parties’ expectations, it’s important to respond well to new vending challenges, taking note of the solutions that enable merchants to provide their customers with the payment methods they prefer.
Payments are complicated, so there’s no need to worry if you’re not hugely familiar with the offering out there, or unsure where to start – that’s where a payment service provider (PSP) can assist. With the expertise that a PSP brings, along with the technological solutions they offer, vending operators can improve customer journeys in all unattended environments.
Such technological solutions are flexible and can cater to specific business needs, while providing easy, quick, and secure payment methods that protect both the business and the customer’s personal data. They can also improve operational efficiency, increasing business performance with features such as real-time reporting and smart transaction management, to provide a best-in-class customer experience.
With smart devices, a secure gateway and advanced acquiring capabilities, PSPs can help vending operators design a flexible vending solution tailored to their individual and specific needs. To find out more about unattended retail and how your company can benefit from Ingenico’s unique expert knowledge, get in contact with Ingenico Enterprise Retail today at www.ingenico.com/smartselfvending.
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