Connect with us

Trading

How does a REIT operate and what strategies does it apply?

Published

on

gbaf1news

REIT or Real Estate Investment Trust is defined as a security that sells like a stock especially on the major exchanges and in turn, invests in real estate directly. It can be invested either in the form of properties or mortgages. REITs receive special tax considerations and are considered to offer investors with high yields, and a highly liquid (more cash) method of investing in real estate.

Types of REITs

  1. Equity REITs: Equity REITs are the ones that are invested in properties and are thus responsible for the equity or value of their real estate assets. Equity REITs usually earn their revenues from properties’ rents.
  2. Mortgage REITs: Mortgage REITs deal in investment and ownership of property mortgages.  Owners of real estate borrow mortgages from these REITs, or purchase existing mortgages or mortgage-backed securities. And their revenues are generated by the interest that they earn on the mortgage loans.
  3. Hybrid REITs: These REITs derived its name from the combination of the investment strategies of equity REITs and mortgage REITs by investing in both properties and mortgages.

Objectives

  • Function to generate stable and growing cash distributions on a tax-efficient basis;
  • By enhancing the value of the REIT’s assets and thus, maximizing long-term Unit value through active management; and
  • By expanding the asset base of the REIT and increasing the AFFO(Adjusted fund from operations) per Unit through acquisitions

Growth Strategies
One of the major objectives of the REITs is growth and it applies various strategies to accomplish this objective.
The primary internal growth strategy of a REIT focuses on generating greater cash flow from the Initial Properties. This objective is usually achieved by increasing average monthly rents and maximum occupancy of the market depending upon the local geographic conditions of the market, in accordance with operational costs and improving on its asset base using infrastructure improvement programs.
The REIT’s external growth strategy focuses on accumulating acquisitions of multi-suite residential rental properties across Canada. This strategy concentrates in those geographic areas which has the presence of REIT’s platform of Properties and TransGlobe. The REIT usually undertakes the identification of potential property acquisitions using formal investment criteria which primarily focuses on the security of cash flow, its potential for capital appreciation, increasing value through more efficient management of the assets etc.
Even though the REITs try to accommodate low cost appreciation in the real estate undertakings, and it is appreciated by investors as well, this behaviour has created difficulties for the REITs in the equity markets and thus causing trouble for them to raise capitals. “There just hasn’t been a significant amount of new investment capital finding its way into the REIT sector,” Grueber says. Investors have been slow to incorporate REITs despite improving performance.
Investors playing a cautious role while dealing with REITs have kept the prices at a stable rate. The tech sector has rather experience volatility for some time now, and this has stimulated the REIT interest rates to rise. “People are just a little uncertain of where the market and the economy is going,” Grueber says. REIT shares will likely continue to trade at a discount to values until there is more clear evidence of where the market and economy are headed, he says.
Debt financing or equity financing (also defined as a firm raising capital as they issue shares in public offering or IPOs) is another financing option. “We’re pretty fortunate because we have fairly low debt, about 32% of our total market cap. So we have quite a bit of room to add financing if we need to, but we’re pretty careful about that,” Onufrey says.

Trading

Economic recovery likely to prove a ‘stuttering’ affair

Published

on

Economic recovery likely to prove a ‘stuttering’ affair 1

By Rupert Thompson, Chief Investment Officer at Kingswood

Equity markets continued their upward trend last week, with global equities gaining 1.2% in local currency terms. Beneath the surface, however, the recovery has been a choppy affair of late. China and the technology sector, the big outperformers year-to-date, retreated last week whereas the UK and Europe, the laggards so far this year, led the gains.

As for US equities, they have re-tested, but so far failed to break above, their post-Covid high in early June and their end-2019 level. The recent choppiness of markets is not that surprising given they are being buffeted by a whole series of conflicting forces.

Developments regarding Covid-19 as ever remain absolutely critical and it is a mixture of bad and good news at the moment. There have been reports of encouraging early trial results for a new treatment and potential vaccine but infection rates continue to climb in the US. Reopening has now been halted or reversed in states accounting for 80% of the population.

We are a long way away from a complete lockdown being re-imposed and these moves are not expected to throw the economy back into reverse. But they do emphasise that the economic recovery, not only in the US but also elsewhere, is likely to prove a ‘stuttering’ affair.

Indeed, the May GDP numbers in the UK undid some of the optimism which had been building recently. Rather than bouncing 5% m/m in May as had been expected, GDP rose a more meagre 1.8% and remains a massive 24.5% below its pre-Covid level in February.

Even in China, where the recovery is now well underway, there is room for some caution. GDP rose a larger than expected 11.5% q/q in the second quarter and regained all of its decline the previous quarter. However, the bounce back is being led by manufacturing and public sector investment, and the recovery in retail sales is proving much more hesitant.

China is not just a focus of attention at the moment because its economy is leading the global upturn but because of the increasing tensions with Hong Kong, the US and UK. UK telecoms companies have now been banned from using Huawei’s 5G equipment in the future and the US is talking of imposing restrictions on Tik Tok, the Chinese social media platform. While this escalation is not as yet a major problem, it is a potential source of market volatility and another, albeit as yet relatively small, unwelcome drag on the global economy.

Government support will be critical over coming months and longer if the global recovery is to be sustained. This week will be crucial in this respect for Europe and the US. The EU, at the time of writing, is still engaged in a marathon four-day summit, trying to reach an agreement on an economic recovery fund.  As is almost always the case, a messy compromise will probably end up being hammered out.

An agreement will be positive but the difficulty in reaching it does highlight the underlying tensions in the EU which have far from gone away with the departure of the UK. Meanwhile in the US, the Democrats and Republicans will this week be engaged in their own battle over extending the government support schemes which would otherwise come to an end this month.

Most of these tensions and uncertainties are not going away any time soon. Markets face a choppy period over the summer and autumn with equities remaining at risk of a correction.

Continue Reading

Trading

European trading firms begin coming to terms with the new normal

Published

on

European trading firms begin coming to terms with the new normal 2

By Terry Ewin, Vice President EMEA, IPC

In recent weeks, the phrase ‘never let a good crisis go to waste’ has received a large amount of usage. Management consultancies, industry associations and organisations, including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have all used it in order to discuss how the current crisis, caused by the Coronavirus pandemic, presents an opportunity for new and worthwhile change.

The saying is also commonly used to indicate that the destruction and damage that is caused by a crisis gives organisations the chance to rebuild, and to do things that would not have previously been possible. This has the potential to impact financial trading firms, where projects that this time last year would not have made much sense now appearing to be as clear as day. In Europe, banks and brokers alike are beginning to think about what life will look like post-pandemic, and how their technology strategies may need changing.

We can think of three distinct phases when it comes to a crisis. Firstly, there is the emergency phase. This is followed by the transition period before we come to the post-crisis period.

Starting with the emergency phases, this is when firms are in critical crisis management mode. Plans are activated to ensure business continuity, and banks and brokers work to ensure critical functions can still take place so as to continue servicing their clients. With regards to the current crisis period, both large and small European banks and brokers were able to handle this phase relatively well, partly due to the fact that communications technology has reached the point where productive Work From Home (WFH) strategies are in place. For example, cloud-connectivity, in addition to the use of soft turrets for trading, has enabled traders from across the continent to keep working throughout lockdown. From our work with clients, we know that they were able to make a relatively smooth transition to WFH operations.

In relation to the current coronavirus crisis, we are in the second phase – the transition period. This is the stage when financial companies begin figuring out how best to manage the worst effects of the ongoing crisis, whilst planning longer-term changes for a post-crisis world. One thing to note with this phase, is that no one knows how long it will last. There is still so much we don’t know about this virus. As such, this has an impact on when it will be safe for businesses to operate in a similar way to how they were run in a pre-pandemic world. But with restrictions across Europe starting to be eased, there is an expectation that companies will start to slowly work their way towards more on-site trading. For example, banks are starting to look at hybrid operations, whereby traders come in a couple of times a week, and WFH for the rest of the week. This will result in fewer people in the office building, which makes it easier to practise social distancing. It also means that there is a continued reliance on the technology that enables people to WFH effectively.

Finally, we have the post-crisis period. In terms of the current crisis, this stage is very unlikely to occur until a vaccine has been developed and distributed to the masses. Although COVID-19 has caused mass economic disruption, many analysts are predicting a strong rebound once the medical pieces of the puzzles are put into place. It may not be entirely V-shaped, but the resiliency displayed by the financial markets thus far suggests that it will be healthy.

Currently, many European trading firms are taking what could be described as a two-pronged approach.

The first part of this consists of planning for the possibility of an extension to phase two. Medical experts have suggested that there could be some seasonality to the virus, with the threat of a second wave of COVID-19 cases in the Autumn meaning that the risk of new restrictions remains. If this comes to fruition, there would be a need for organisations to fine-tune their current WFH strategies and measures, and for them to take greater advantage of the cloud so as to power communications apps.

The second component consists of firms starting to think about the long-term needs of their trading systems. Simply put, they are preparing themselves for the third phase.

It is in this last sense, that the idea of never letting ‘a good crisis go to waste’ resonates most clearly.

Continue Reading

Trading

Currency movements and more: How Covid-19 has affected the financial markets

Published

on

Currency movements and more: How Covid-19 has affected the financial markets 3

The COVID-19 pandemic has been more than a health crisis. With people forced to stay indoors and all but the most essential services stopped for multiple weeks, economies have suffered and financial markets have crashed. Perhaps the most public and spectacular fall from grace during the early stages of the pandemic was oil. With travel bans in place around the world and no one filling up at the pumps, the price of oil plummeted.

Prior to global lockdowns, US oil prices were trading at $18 per barrel. By mid-April, the value had dropped to -$38. The crash was not only a shocking demonstrating of COVID-19’s impact but the first time crude oil’s price had fallen below zero. A rebound was inevitable, and many traders were quick to take long positions, which meant futures prices remained high. However, with stocks piling up and demand sinking, trading prices suffered. Unsurprisingly, it’s not the only market that’s taken a knock since COVID-19 struck.

Financial Markets Fluctuate During Pandemic

Shares in major companies have dipped. The Institute for Fiscal Studies compiled a round-up of price movements for industries listed by the London Stock Exchange. Tourism and Leisure have seen share prices drop by more than 20%. Major airlines, including BA, EasyJet and Ryanair have all been forced to make redundancies in the wake of falling share prices. The automotive industry has also taken a knock, as have retailers, mining and the media. However, in among the dark, there have been some patches of light.

The forex market has been a mixed bag. As it always is, the US dollar has remained a strong investment option. With emerging markets feeling the strain, traders have poured their money into traditionally strong currency pairs like EUR/USD. Looking at the data, IG’s EUR/USD price charts show a sharp drop in mid-March from 1.14 to 1.07. However, after the initial shock of COVID-19 lockdowns, the currency pair has steadily increased in value back up to 1.12 (June 25, 2020). The dominance of the dollar has been seen as a cause for concern among some financial experts. In essence, the crisis has highlighted the world’s reliance on it.

Currency Movements Divide Economies

Currency movements and more: How Covid-19 has affected the financial markets 4

In any walk of life, a single point of authority is dangerous. Indeed, if reliance turns into overreliance, it can cause a supply issue (not enough dollars to go around. More significantly, it could cause a power shift that gives the US too much control over economic policies in other countries. Fortunately, other currencies have performed well during the pandemic. Alongside USD and EUR, the GBP has also shown a degree of strength throughout the crisis. However, these positive movements haven’t been shared by all currencies.

The South African rand took a 32% hit during the early stages of the pandemic, while the Mexican peso and Brazilian real dropped 24% and 23%, respectively. Like the forex market, other sectors have experienced contrasting fortunes. Yes, shares in airlines and automotive manufacturers have fallen, but food and drug retailers have seen stocks rise. In fact, at one point, orange juice was the top performer across multiple indices. With the health benefits of vitamin C a hot topic, futures prices for orange juice jump up by 30%. The sudden surge had analysts predicting 60% gains as we move into a post-COVID-19 world.

Looking Towards the Future through Financial Markets

The future is always unknown and, due to COVID-19, it’s more uncertain than ever. However, the financial markets do provide an indication of how things may change. The performance of USD and EUR in the forex markets suggest there could be a lot more trade deals negotiated between the US and Europe. The surge in orange juice futures suggest that health and wellness will become a much more important part of our lives. Even though it was already a multi-billion-dollar industry, the realisation that a virus can alter the face of humanity has given more people pause for thought.

Then, of course, there’s the move towards remote working and socially distance entertainment. From Zoom to Slack, more people will be working and playing from home in the coming years. The world is always changing, but recent have events have made us appreciate this fact more than ever. The financial markets aren’t a crystal ball, but they can offer a glimpse into what we can expect in a post-COVID-19 world.

This is a Sponsored Feature.

Continue Reading

Call For Entries

Global Banking and Finance Review Awards Nominations 2020
2020 Global Banking & Finance Awards now open. Click Here

Latest Articles

Return to Work Doesn’t Mean Business as Usual When it Comes to Travel and Expense 5 Return to Work Doesn’t Mean Business as Usual When it Comes to Travel and Expense 6
Top Stories20 hours ago

Return to Work Doesn’t Mean Business as Usual When it Comes to Travel and Expense

By Rob Harrison, MD UK & Ireland, SAP Concur The last few months have been an exercise in adaptability for...

Why technology is key to the future of auditing 7 Why technology is key to the future of auditing 8
Technology21 hours ago

Why technology is key to the future of auditing

By Piers Wilson, Head of Product Management at Huntsman Security The Financial Reporting Council (FRC), which is responsible for corporate governance,...

Staff training crucial for SME recovery post-COVID 9 Staff training crucial for SME recovery post-COVID 10
Business1 day ago

Staff training crucial for SME recovery post-COVID

47% of UK’s top performing SMEs provide regular, formalised training for all staff Despite this, 15% of small businesses report to...

What Is Globalization 11 What Is Globalization 12
Business2 days ago

What Is Globalization

What is globalization? Globalization, or inter-connectedness, is the ever-growing process of integration and interaction among countries, individuals, businesses, and even...

What Is Microsoft Teams 13 What Is Microsoft Teams 14
Business2 days ago

What Is Microsoft Teams

Microsoft Teams is an application and web-based collaboration tool that combines chat, videos, online collaboration, document storage, and collaboration with...

What Is Capitalism 15 What Is Capitalism 16
Business2 days ago

What Is Capitalism

What is capitalism? Is it a great economic system or just another economic system that is not so great? Well,...

How To Start A Youtube Channel 17 How To Start A Youtube Channel 18
Business2 days ago

How To Start A Youtube Channel

How to Start a YouTube Channel For Your Business: Do you have a blog or website? If you do, it’s...

What is URL 19 What is URL 20
Business2 days ago

What is URL

A Uniform Resource Locater, colloquially known as a URL, is an identification to a certain web resource, a directory or...

What Is Seo 21 What Is Seo 22
Business2 days ago

What Is Seo

Search engine optimization, also known as SEO, is the process of increasing the quantity and quality of site traffic from...

How Much Rent Can I Afford. 23 How Much Rent Can I Afford. 24
Business2 days ago

How Much Rent Can I Afford.

How much rent is too much to pay? Sometimes, apartment complexes look at an annual income that’s over forty times...

Newsletters with Secrets & Analysis. Subscribe Now