- With the news that certain polls have Trump ahead of Clinton we feel that markets remain compliance and underpriced to the real potential of a Trump victory
- Wall Street continued its seven day correction lower, slipping below the psychological handle of 2100 for a short period
- In the FX markets USD and JPY were both in high demand (alongside CHF) while MXN, CAD were under significant selling pressure
- Fed: Likelihood of a rate hike stands at 75% in a scenario similar to last year
- We believe that the Fed must deliver before year-end to repair its credibility and if it fails to do so, the stock market will experience a more abrupt sell-off
- In our view, there will be no rate hike in 2017 but demand for dollar will increase
The one-two punch completely knocked the risk appetite out of financial markets. First came the news that certain polls had Republican presidential candidate Donald trump ahead in the national poll. We believe the markets remain compliance and underpriced to the real potential of a Trump victory. Before markets could recover from the shock, the Fed signalled that a December’s 25bp interest rate hike was likely. Wall Street continued its seven day correction lower, slipping below the psychological handle of 2100 for a short period. In the FX markets, our election currency basketwas in full reaction mode. USD and JPY were both in high demand (alongside CHF) while MXN, CAD were under significant selling pressure. FX markets remain highly correlated to the US elections and will remain volatile ahead of Nov 8th. Asian regional equity markets were able to fend off a complete capitulation sell off, yet a majority were lower. The Hang Sang fell -0.30% while the Shanghai composite rallied 0.84%. Asian stocks were supported by economic data indicating that that China’s service sector increased at its fastest pace in four months. Chinese Caixin PMI data firmed as the services gauge increased to 52.4 vs. 52.0 and the composite measured at 52.9 vs. 51.4. In commodities, gold continued to benefit from weak risk sentiment climbing to $1306. The crude slide continued as US oil inventories indicated a massive build-up. Crude Speculative interest has been caught long making unwinding positions difficult. News of an attack on a Nigerian oil pipeline has had a muted effect on oil futures.
As we had expected, the Fed held monetary policy unchanged yet shifted closer to a December rate hike as members indicated that the US economy “continued to strengthen.” Yet the Fed was waiting on “some” further evidence of firming near objectives before raising interest rates. Interestingly, the Fed statement removed reference to inflation expectation remaining low in the “near term” and reiterated the forecast that inflation will rise to 2% target over the mid-term. Fed fund futures pricing increased to 78% from 70% at the start of the week. The vote was 8-2 with George and Mester dissenting and Rosengren shifting back into the majority. Elsewhere, US private sectors (ADP) added a soft 147k jobs in October below the 202k in September. We continue to expect a cyclical deceleration in the US economic data which will keep the Fed from raising rates in 2017.
Yann Quelenn, market analyst: “Fed must strike in December: As widely expected by financial markets, the Fed has not moved its rate and monetary policy will remain unchanged until the December meeting. For now, the likelihood of a rate hike stands at 75%. Last year’s scenario is going to be played out again when the rate hike was also postponed until December.
Economic data is not the Fed’s main driving force.If they do deliver before year-end, then this action will be purely driven by a question of credibility. If it fails to do so, the stock market may experience a more abrupt sell-off. From a data standpoint, this week is far from over. The non-farm payrolls are due for release on Friday afternoon and this data will still be important to assess the true state of the US economy. One first element is that the ADP jobs report which were issued yesterday proved a disappointment with 145k jobs versus an 165k expected from economists. A change in NFPs is expected at 175k tomorrow.
Also of interest at present is how stock markets are pricing in a higher likelihood of a Trump win. Hillary Clinton is definitely losing ground due to renewed controversy and the S&P is having its longest losing streak in five years. The index also closed below 2100 for the first time in four months. Though many question whether Trump would reduce the power of the Fed in the event of his election, we believe that the Fed would indeed keep its decision-making power. For the time being, the US central bank is far from running out of ammunition and while it sounds ironic, the Fed might very well increase rates slightly to save its credibility and launch a new QE to support growth. In our view, there won’t be any rate hike in 2017 but the demand for dollar is going to increase on the back of rising hopes that monetary policy will be normalized. Moreover, it is clear that the Fed is pushing for inflation and will allow the spread between real interest rates and nominal interest rates to widen in an effort to kill the country’s massive debt.” —-
Traders should expect a big day for GBP. In an uncertain event, the UK high court will issue a ruling on whether the government releases Article 50 without the consent of parliament. Should the government lose its case we would see a decent GBP bounce give the extensive short position. However, should they win, an appeal is clearly on the table for which the Supreme court has provided a hearing time on December 7th-8th. Regardless of the outcome, this legal appeal clearly provides additional uncertainty to what is already an extremely cloudy and complex situation.
In regards to the BoE this will be the most complete set of data since Brexit. We anticipate that the BoE will remain on hold as economic data remains firms despite the skeptics. Markets will be interested in the Quarterly Inflation Reports upward revision in inflation and growth which were both projected to evaporate after Brexit.
GBP has rallied in recent days in expectation of a strong UK and the probability of further policy actions had decreased, triggering a sharp sell-off in gilts. We continue to see short term GBP buying opportunities as the political driven Brexit story continues to capture headlines but lacks tangible results.
Elsewhere, markets will get US ISM non-manufacturing, factory orders, and durable goods orders.
How has the online trading landscape changed in 2020?
By Dáire Ferguson, CEO, AvaTrade
This year has been all about change following the outbreak of coronavirus and the subsequent global economic downturn which has impacted nearly every aspect of personal and business life. The online trading world has been no exception to this change as volatility in the financial markets has soared.
Although the global markets have been on a rollercoaster for some time with various geopolitical tensions, the market swings that we have witnessed since March have undoubtedly been unlike anything seen before. While these are indeed challenging times, for the online trading community, the increased volatility has proven tempting for those looking to profit handsomely.
However, with the opportunity to make greater profits also comes the possibility to make a loss, so how has 2020 changed the online trading landscape and how can retail investors stay safe?
Interest rates offered by banks and other traditional forms of consumer investments have been uninspiring for some time, but with the current economic frailty, the Bank of England cut interest rates to an all-time low. This has left many people in search of more exciting and rewarding ways to grow their savings which is indeed something online trading can provide.
When the pandemic hit earlier this year, it was widely reported that user numbers for online trading rocketed due to disappointing savings rates but also because the enforced lockdown gave more people the time to learn a new skill and educate themselves on online trading.
A volatile market certainly offers great scope for profit and new sources of revenue for those that are savvy enough to put their convictions to the test. However, where people stand the chance to profit greatly from market volatility, there is also the possibility to make a loss, particularly for those that are new to online trading or who are still developing their understanding of the market.
The sharp rise in online trading over lockdown paired with this year’s unpredictable global economy has led to some financial losses, but with a number of risk management tools now available this does not necessarily have to be the case.
Protect your assets
Although not yet widely available across the retail market, risk management tools are slowly becoming more prevalent and being offered by online traders as an extra layer of security for those seeking to trade in riskier climates.
There are a range of options available for traders, but amongst the common tools are “take profit” orders in conjunction with “stop loss” orders. A take profit order is a type of limit order that specifies the exact price for traders to close out an open position for a profit, and if the price of the security does not reach the limit price, the take profit order will not be fulfilled. A stop loss order can limit the trader’s loss on a security position by buying or selling a stock when it reaches a certain price.
Take profit and stop loss orders are good for mitigating risk, but for those that are new to the game or who would prefer extra support, there are even some risk management tools, such as AvaProtect, that provide total protection against loss for a defined period. This means that if the market moves in the wrong direction than originally anticipated, traders can recoup their losses, minus the cost of taking out the protection.
Not a day has gone by this year without the news prompting a change in the financial markets. Until a cure for the coronavirus is discovered, we are unlikely to return to ‘normal’ and the global markets will continue to remain highly volatile. In addition, later this year we will witness one of the most critical US presidential elections in history and the UK’s transition period for Brexit will come to an end. The outcome of these events may well trigger further volatility.
Of course, this may also encourage more people to dip their toes into online trading for a chance to profit. As more people take an interest and sign up to online trading platforms, providers will certainly look to increase or improve the risk management tools on offer to try and keep new users on board, and this could spell a new era for the online trading world.
By Paddy Osborn, Academic Dean, London Academy of Trading
Whether you’re negotiating a business deal, playing a sport or trading financial markets, it’s vital that you have a plan. Top golfers will have a strategy to get around the course in the fewest number of shots possible, and without this plan, their score will undoubtedly be worse. It’s the same with trading. You can’t just open a trading account and trade off hunches and hopes. You need to create a structured and robust plan of attack. This will not only improve your profitability, but will also significantly reduce your stress levels during the decision-making process.
In my opinion, there are four stages to any trading strategy.
S – Set-up
T – Trigger
E – Execution
M – Management
Good trading performance STEMs from a structured trading process, so you should have one or more specific rules for each stage of this process.
Before executing any trades, you need to decide on your criteria for making your trading decisions. Should you base your trades off fundamental analysis, or maybe political news or macroeconomic data? If so, then you need to understand these subjects and how markets react to specific news events.
Alternatively, of course, there’s technical analysis, whereby you base your decisions off charts and previous price action, but again, you need a set of specific rules to enable you to trade with a consistent strategy. Many traders combine both fundamental and technical analysis to initiate their positions, which, I believe, has merit.
What needs to happen for you to say “Ah, this looks interesting! Here’s a potential trade.”? It may be a news event, a major macro data announcement (such as interest rates, employment data or inflation), or a chart level breakout. The key ingredient throughout is to fix specific and measurable rules (not rough guidelines that can be over-ridden on a whim with an emotional decision). For me, I may take a view on the potential direction of an asset (i.e. whether to be long or short) through fundamental analysis, but the actual execution of the trade is always technical, based off a very specific set of rules.
To take a simple example, let’s assume an asset has been trending higher, but has stopped at a certain price, let’s say 150. The chart is telling us that, although buyers are in long-term control, sellers are dominant at 150, willing to sell each time the price touches this level. However, the uptrend may still be in place, since each time the price pulls back from the 150 level, the selling is weaker and the price makes a higher short-term low. This clearly suggests that upward pressure remains, and there’s potential to profit from the uptrend if the price breaks higher.
Once you’ve found a potential new trade set-up, the next step is to decide when to pull the trigger on the trade. However, there are two steps to this process… finger on trigger, then pull the trigger to execute.
Continuing the example above, the trigger would be to buy if the price breaks above the resistance level at 150. This would indicate that the sellers at 150 have been exhausted, and the buyers have re-established control of the uptrend. Also, it is often the case that after pause in a trend such as this, the pent-up buying returns and the price surges higher. So the trigger for this trade is a breakout above 150.
We have a finger on the trigger, but now we need to decide when to squeeze it. What if the price touches 150.10 for 10 seconds only? Has our resistance level broken sufficiently to execute the trade? I’d say not, so you need to set rules to define exactly how far the price needs to break above 150 – or for how long it needs to stay above 150 – for you to execute the trade. You’re basically looking for sufficient evidence that the uptrend is continuing. Of course, the higher the price goes (or the longer it stays above 150), the more confident you can be that the breakout is valid, but the higher price you will need to pay. There’s no perfect solution to this decision, and it depends on many things, such as the amount of other supporting evidence that you have, your levels of aggression, and so on. The critical point here is to fix a set of specific rules and stick to those rules every time.
Good trade management can save a bad trade, while poor trade management can turn an excellent trade entry into a loser. I could talk for days about in-trade management, since there are many different methods you can use, but the essential ingredient for every trade is a stop loss. This is an order to exit your position for a loss if the market doesn’t perform as expected. By setting a stop loss, you can fix your maximum risk on a trade, which is essential to preserving your capital and managing your overall risk limits. Some traders set their stop loss and target levels and let the trade run to its conclusion, while others manage their trades more actively, trailing stop losses, taking interim profits, or even adding to winning positions. No matter how you decide to manage each trade, it must be the same every time, following a structured and robust process.
The final step in the process is to review every trade to see if you can learn anything, particularly from your losing trades. Are you sticking to your trading rules? Could you have done better? Should you have done the trade in the first place? Only by doing these reviews will you discover any patterns of errors in your trading, and hence be able to put them right. In this way, it’s possible to monitor the success of your strategy. If your trades are random and emotional, with lots of manual intervention, then there’s no fixed process for you to review. You also need to be honest with yourself, and face up to your bad decisions in order to learn from them.
In this way, using a structured and robust trading strategy, you’ll be able to develop your trading skills – and your profits – without the stress of a more random approach.
Economic recovery likely to prove a ‘stuttering’ affair
By Rupert Thompson, Chief Investment Officer at Kingswood
Equity markets continued their upward trend last week, with global equities gaining 1.2% in local currency terms. Beneath the surface, however, the recovery has been a choppy affair of late. China and the technology sector, the big outperformers year-to-date, retreated last week whereas the UK and Europe, the laggards so far this year, led the gains.
As for US equities, they have re-tested, but so far failed to break above, their post-Covid high in early June and their end-2019 level. The recent choppiness of markets is not that surprising given they are being buffeted by a whole series of conflicting forces.
Developments regarding Covid-19 as ever remain absolutely critical and it is a mixture of bad and good news at the moment. There have been reports of encouraging early trial results for a new treatment and potential vaccine but infection rates continue to climb in the US. Reopening has now been halted or reversed in states accounting for 80% of the population.
We are a long way away from a complete lockdown being re-imposed and these moves are not expected to throw the economy back into reverse. But they do emphasise that the economic recovery, not only in the US but also elsewhere, is likely to prove a ‘stuttering’ affair.
Indeed, the May GDP numbers in the UK undid some of the optimism which had been building recently. Rather than bouncing 5% m/m in May as had been expected, GDP rose a more meagre 1.8% and remains a massive 24.5% below its pre-Covid level in February.
Even in China, where the recovery is now well underway, there is room for some caution. GDP rose a larger than expected 11.5% q/q in the second quarter and regained all of its decline the previous quarter. However, the bounce back is being led by manufacturing and public sector investment, and the recovery in retail sales is proving much more hesitant.
China is not just a focus of attention at the moment because its economy is leading the global upturn but because of the increasing tensions with Hong Kong, the US and UK. UK telecoms companies have now been banned from using Huawei’s 5G equipment in the future and the US is talking of imposing restrictions on Tik Tok, the Chinese social media platform. While this escalation is not as yet a major problem, it is a potential source of market volatility and another, albeit as yet relatively small, unwelcome drag on the global economy.
Government support will be critical over coming months and longer if the global recovery is to be sustained. This week will be crucial in this respect for Europe and the US. The EU, at the time of writing, is still engaged in a marathon four-day summit, trying to reach an agreement on an economic recovery fund. As is almost always the case, a messy compromise will probably end up being hammered out.
An agreement will be positive but the difficulty in reaching it does highlight the underlying tensions in the EU which have far from gone away with the departure of the UK. Meanwhile in the US, the Democrats and Republicans will this week be engaged in their own battle over extending the government support schemes which would otherwise come to an end this month.
Most of these tensions and uncertainties are not going away any time soon. Markets face a choppy period over the summer and autumn with equities remaining at risk of a correction.
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