Borrower demand remains above pre-crisis levels, with total commitments
of $189 billion since financial crisis hit
World Bank Group support to developing countries came in at $57.4 billion in fiscal year 2011, still above pre-crisis levels, with total commitments of $189 billion since the financial crisis took hold in 2008.
As developing countries emerged from the financial crisis in FY11 (July 1, 2010 – June 30, 2011), the Bank Group provided an estimated 712 loans, grants, equity investments and guarantees to promote economic growth, fight poverty, and assist private enterprise.
World Bank (IBRD and IDA) commitments for social protection—including safety net programs for the poorest and most vulnerable—are estimated to reach $4.1 billion in FY11. Financing for infrastructure, critical for job creation and future productivity, is estimated to reach $20 billion in FY11—46 percent of total lending. In particular, IDA support for infrastructure grew to $7 billion, both a record high and a 31 percent increase over FY10. FY11 also saw unprecedented financing of $1.4 billion for natural disaster management, critical for adapting to climate change and combating the high number of recent natural disasters.
|World Bank Group Commitments
fiscal years 2011 and 2010 (in U.S. billions)
|World Bank Group||FY11*||FY10|
|*Preliminary and unaudited numbers as of July 1.|
|+Own account only. Excludes more than $6.4 billion in FY11 and $5.3 billion in FY10 in funds mobilized from other investors.|
“Over the past year, the World Bank Group clearly demonstrated our commitment to support growth and opportunity for our clients even as the reverberations from the global crisis still send shock waves through the world economy,” said World Bank Group President Robert B. Zoellick. “As the multi-speed recovery takes shape, high and volatile food and fuel prices are stirring new challenges, putting vulnerable populations at risk. The World Bank is honing its focus on areas where we can add most value: targeting the poor and vulnerable; creating opportunities for growth; promoting global collective action; strengthening governance; and managing risk and preparing for crisis. We are doing all this while making the Bank a more transparent, accountable and results-driven institution.”
During the fiscal year, food prices climbed to near their 2008 peak, and the World Bank estimates that rising food prices pushed about 44 million people into poverty since June 2010. To help address price volatility, the Bank saw a strong focus on food security in FY11, including:
- A first-of-its-kind risk-management product that will provide up to $4 billion in protection from volatile food prices by giving consumers and agricultural commodity producers better access to hedging instruments.
- Boosting financing on agriculture to some $6 to $8 billion a year from $4.1 billion in 2008.
- The Global Food Crisis Response Program (GFRP) is helping some 40 million people through $1.5 billion in support.
- The Bank is supporting the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP), set up by the World Bank Group in April 2010 at the G20’s request, to assist country-led agriculture and food security plans and help promote investments in smallholder farmers. To date, six countries and Gates Foundation have pledged about $925 million over the next 3 years, with $520 million received.
In FY11, commitments from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)—which provides financing, risk management products, and other financial services to countries—reached $26.7 billion, nearly double the FY08 pre-crisis level of $13.5 billion. This follows the record $44.2 billion in FY10 and $32.9 billion in FY09, as the crisis peaked. Cumulative IBRD commitments since the financial crisis (i.e.: FY09-11) reached $103.8 billion. Fast-disbursing Development Policy Loans, many of which focus on reforms to improve governance and increase transparency, comprised nearly 37 percent of the overall total for FY11, down from 47 percent in FY09 and FY10 – at the height of the global financial crisis – but still above the average of 31 percent in the pre-crisis period of FY05-08.
Strong Results for the World’s Poorest
In the past decade, the International Development Association, the World Bank’s Fund for the Poorest, has helped people build a better future for themselves, their families, and their countries. For example, from 2000 to 2010, IDA assistance has resulted in:More than 3 million teachers recruited and/or trained – more than 4 times the number of primary and secondary school teachers in France.
- Around 300 million textbooks purchased and/or distributed – 15 times the number of books in the New York Public Library.
- 310 million children immunized – equivalent to four times the number of children in the United States.
- Over 118,000 km of roads – enough to circle the globe nearly three times – constructed or rehabilitated and over 134,000 km of roads maintained.
For more information, visit: http://www.worldbank.org/ida/results-at-a-glance.html
Commitments from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s Fund for the Poorest which provides low-interest loans and grants to 79 of the world’s poorest countries, rose to a record $16.3 billion in FY11.
FY11 was the third year of implementation under the IDA15 Replenishment, which itself saw a record increase in development funding for IDA countries. Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for about half of the total IDA15 funding with IDA support focused on empowering and protecting the poor; strengthening institutions and governance; fostering gender equality; and addressing global challenges such as climate change.
During IDA15, IDA also expanded commitments to support regional public goods, including for water management, trade facilitation, and roads networks; approved $1.4 billion through the new pilot Crisis Response Window to mitigate the impact of the economic crisis and protect the poor; and strengthened its support for fragile states by providing $4.8 billion to these countries. IDA also boosted its support for countries facing natural disasters such as the rapid response to the Haiti earthquake of January 2010.
IFC, the largest provider of multilateral financing for the private sector in developing countries, again provided a record amount of financing to businesses in developing countries, helping the private sector create jobs, strengthen infrastructure, improve agricultural efficiency, and confront other development challenges. Preliminary and unaudited data as of June 30 indicate IFC invested about $18.7 billion in 513 projects in FY11, reflecting an estimated project value of around $100 billion. In FY10, IFC investments totaled $18 billion. IFC investments have more than doubled in the past five years.
IFC’s work in FY11 again included pioneering projects that address economic uncertainty and increase opportunity. In the Middle East and North Africa, for example, IFC and the Islamic Development Bank launched a program that will mobilize as much as $2 billion to promote Education for Employment, a vital project in a region where youth unemployment runs over 25 percent. In Turkey, IFC is helping the country use renewable energy to meet its growing demand for power. It structured its largest-ever syndication—a €700 million financing package for Enerjisa Enerji Uretim. IFC also provided essential support to the G20’s new Financial Inclusion Initiative, an effort aimed at enhancing access to finance for small and medium enterprises.
The Bank Group’s political risk insurance arm, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) issued $2.1 billion in guarantees—a historic high. The agency continues to see a return to a more diversified portfolio across regions and sectors.
“In large part, MIGA’s success this year is due to the recovery in foreign direct investment from financial-crisis lows—and this is indeed a great story for development,” said MIGA’s Executive Vice President Izumi Kobayashi. “Paired with historic amendments to MIGA’s convention that expanded the pool of investments we can insure, this year’s results demonstrate that MIGA is delivering on our mission to promote foreign direct investment into developing countries to support economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve people’s lives.”
Commitments to sub-Saharan African countries—the Bank’s top priority—were at $9.4 billion in FY11, down from crisis levels of $13.85 billion in FY10 and $9.9 billion in FY09. FY11 commitments to Africa included $7 billion from IDA and $56 million from IBRD; $2.1 billion from IFC; and $243 million in MIGA guarantees for projects in the region.
Currency, interest rates, and commodity prices have been volatile, and the impact of natural disasters has become more severe in recent years. As a result, the World Bank continues to engage with countries to improve risk management strategies and offer financial products that can help reduce their vulnerabilities. The volume of risk management transactions executed by the Bank on behalf of client countries this year to manage the volatility of currency and interest rate was $5.6 billion. In addition, the Bank provided advisory services on public debt management to 38 countries, as well as financial products that meet our member countries’ risk management objectives.
The World Bank Group continued to help clients mitigate natural disaster and weather-related shocks. For example, IBRD’s credit line for catastrophes, the Catastrophe Deferred Drawdown Option (Cat DDO) was instrumental in helping Colombia respond quickly to emergency relief and reconstruction needs after the country’s worst rainy season in decades. The CAT-DDO tries to address the issue of moral hazard related to post disaster financing; it provides incentives to client countries to engage in pro-active disaster risk management. Two new countries, Peru and El Salvador, also signed Cat DDOs with the Bank in this fiscal year.
A More Open, Transparent, and Accountable World Bank Group
In FY11, the World Bank Group continued to work to make to make its research and operations more open, transparent and accountable.
- Our Open Data website now provides free access to more than 7,000 indicators and is accessible in five languages, and we’ve recently added features to make the data easier to search and download.
- July 1 marks the one-year anniversary of the Bank’s landmark Access to Information policy. Over FY11, the Bank posted 2,682 new documents and reports on its Documents and Reports site, and the public has viewed more than 2 million pages on this site since the AI policy went into effect last year.
- Tools such as our own Mapping for Results app and the Bank’s AidFlow website now promote better visualization of our work, bringing greater transparency and accountability to World Bank operations, strengthening the monitoring of results and enhancing the effectiveness of aid.
- The first-ever Apps for Development competition challenged software developers around the world to take our data, use it creatively and develop applications that raise awareness or contribute to MDGs. More than 100 apps were submitted with more than a third from developers based in Africa.
- We continue to integrate our governance and anti corruption agenda into all of the Bank’s work across countries, sectors and projects.
- In FY11, the Bank announced that it will not to lend directly to finance budgets in countries that do not publish their budgets, or in exceptional cases, at least commit to publish their budgets within twelve months.
- We have also been encouraging governments to publish information, enact Freedom of Information Acts, open up their budget and procurement processes, build independent audit functions and reform their justice systems.
David Theis 202-458-8626
Broadcast: Natalia Cieslik: 202-458-9369
Sterling rises above $1.37 for first time since 2018; UK inflation rises
By Elizabeth Howcroft
LONDON (Reuters) – A combination of heightened risk appetite in global markets and UK-specific optimism lifted the pound on Wednesday, as it strengthened to its highest in nearly three years against the dollar and five-month highs against the euro.
The dollar weakened against major currencies for the third straight session, helped by U.S. Treasury Secretary nominee Janet Yellen’s urging lawmakers to “act big” on spending and worry about debt later.
The pound rose above $1.37, hitting $1.3720 — its highest since May 2018 — at 1045 GMT. By 1136 GMT it had eased some gains and changed hands at $1.3687, up 0.4% on the day and up 0.2% so far this year.
Versus the euro, the pound hit a five-month high of 88.38 pence per euro, before easing to 88.51 at 1137 GMT, up around 0.5% on the day.
The pound’s recent strengthening can be attributed in part to relief among investors that the impact of Brexit has not caused the chaos some feared, as well as a lessening of negative rates expectations, said Neil Jones, head of FX sales at Mizuho.
“Going into early 2021, there was a bearish sentiment building into the pound on the Brexit deal, in terms of maybe it had a limited reach, and then secondly an expectation of negative rates and so to some extent the market has been cutting down on sterling shorts because neither of those things have been quite so apparent as they were,” he said.
Bank of England Governor Andrew Bailey said last week that there were “lots of issues” with cutting interest rates below zero – a comment which caused sterling to jump.
The UK’s progress in rolling out vaccines is also seen as a positive for investors, Jones said.
Currently, the United Kingdom has vaccinated 4.27 million people with a first dose of the vaccine, among the best in the world per head of population.
“Further progress in vaccinations (a pick-up in the daily rate) by the time the BoE MPC meeting takes place on 4th February may prove enough to hold off on any additional monetary easing,” wrote Derek Halpenny, head of research for global markets at MUFG.
Inflation data for December showed that prices in the UK picked up by more than expected in December, to a 0.6% annual rate.0.6
Inflation has been below the Bank of England’s 2% target since mid-2019 and the COVID-19 pandemic pushed it close to zero as the economy tanked.
(Graphic: CFTC: https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/oakpeyayxpr/CFTC.png)
(Reporting by Elizabeth Howcroft, editing by Larry King)
Euro sinks amid broader risk rally against dollar
By Ritvik Carvalho
LONDON (Reuters) – The euro struggled to join a broader risk rally against the dollar on Wednesday as analysts said the risk of extended lockdowns in Europe to combat the spread of COVID-19 and the continent’s lag in a vaccine rollout were weighing on the currency.
Down 0.1% against the dollar at $1.2117 by 1130 GMT, Europe’s shared currency had only the safe-haven Swiss franc and Sweden’s crown for company in resisting a broad rally against the greenback by the G-10 group of currencies.
“We’re getting more headlines that the current lockdowns will be extended further, which could mean that the euro zone would be flirting with a double-dip recession before long,” said Valentin Marinov, head of G10 FX research at Credit Agricole, noting Europe’s lag in rolling out a coronavirus vaccine compared to the United States and Britain.
“So all of that plays into the story that tomorrow’s ECB meeting, while uneventful in terms of policy announcements, could convey a relatively dovish message to the market. On top of that, President Lagarde could once again jawbone the euro, so the euro is kind of lagging behind.”
Marinov also noted price action in the pound, which hit $1.3720 – a 2-1/2-year high – and 88.38 pence – its highest since May 2020 against the euro – as a contributing factor to euro weakness. [GBP/]
There was also focus on a story by Bloomberg News, which reported the European Central Bank was conducting its bond purchases with specific yield spreads in mind, a strategy that would be reminiscent of yield curve control.
Elsewhere, the risk-sensitive Australian dollar gained 0.4% to $0.7727. The New Zealand dollar, also a commodity currency like the Aussie, gained 0.25% to $0.7133.
While the world will be watching Joe Biden’s inauguration as U.S. president at noon in Washington (1700 GMT), traders were more focused on his policies than the ceremony.
U.S. Treasury Secretary nominee Janet Yellen urged lawmakers at her confirmation hearing to “act big” on stimulus spending and said she believes in market-determined exchange rates, without expressing a view on the dollar’s direction.
The index that measures the dollar’s strength against a basket of peers was up almost 0.1% at 90.510. The euro forms nearly 60% of the dollar index by weight.
It also fell 0.1% against the Japanese yen to 103.81 yen per dollar.
While the dollar has perked up in recent weeks on the back of a rise in U.S. Treasury yields, investors still expect the currency to weaken.
“We remain bearish U.S. dollar, and expect the downtrend to resume as U.S. real yields top out,” said Ebrahim Rahbari, FX strategist at CitiFX.
“Continued Fed dovishness remains important for our view, in addition to global recovery, so we’ll watch upcoming Fed-speak closely.”
Positioning data shows investors are overwhelmingly short dollars as they figure that budget and current account deficits will weigh on the greenback.
(Graphic: Dollar positioning: https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/oakveyombvr/Pasted%20image%201611132945366.png)
UBS Global Wealth Management’s chief investment officer Mark Haefele reiterated a bearish view on the dollar, saying that pro-cyclical currencies such as the euro, commodity-producer currencies, and the pound would benefit “from a broadening economic recovery supported by vaccine rollouts”.
The cryptocurrency Bitcoin fell 4%, trading at $34,468.
(Reporting by Ritvik Carvalho; Editing by Angus MacSwan)
England soccer star Rashford nets younger buyers for Burberry
By Sarah Young
LONDON (Reuters) – Burberry stuck to its full-year goals on Wednesday after a media campaign fronted by high-profile English soccer star and social justice advocate Marcus Rashford drew a younger clientele to the British luxury brand.
Higher full-price sales would boost annual margins and Asian demand remained strong, Burberry said, while warning that it could suffer more sales disruption from COVID-19 lockdowns.
Manchester United striker Rashford, 23, has won plaudits for his campaign to help ensure that poorer children do not go hungry with schools closed during the pandemic.
A first coronavirus wave last year cut Burberry’s sales by as much as 45% before a bounce back on strong demand in mainland China and South Korea, which continued in the last few months.
Shares in Burberry were up 5% to 1,825 pence at 0905 GMT, with Citi analysts saying that improved sales quality from fewer markdowns would drive full-year consensus upgrades.
Burberry’s 9% sales decline in its third quarter was worse than the 6% fall in the second, and the company said that 15% of stores were currently closed and 36% operating with restrictions as a result of measures to curb COVID-19’s spread.
“We expect trading will remain susceptible to regional disruptions as we close the financial year,” Burberry said, adding that it was confident of rebounding when the pandemic eases given the brand’s resonance with customers.
In the third quarter, comparable store sales in Europe, the Middle East, India and Africa declined 37%, hit by shops shut in lockdowns and a lack of tourists visiting Europe, but in the same period, it posted sales growth of 11% in Asia Pacific.
Burberry said that Britain’s new relationship with the European Union would cause headwinds, warning of a modest increase in costs to comply with new rules and also the impact of an end to a scheme for VAT refunds for non-EU tourists.
This would make Britain a less attractive destination for luxury shopping when tourism returns after the pandemic, Burberry said, adding that it would try to mitigate the effect.
(Reporting by Sarah Young; Editing by Kate Holton, James Davey and Alexander Smith)
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