By Marc Naidoo is a sustainable finance and emerging markets partner and Jennifer Kafcas is a derivatives and finance partner in the London office of international law firm, McGuireWoods.
Hot off the heels of the “green boom”, fixed income investors and market participants alike are taking notice of the so-called “Blue Economy”, that being, generally defined as those economic sectors which have a direct or indirect line to marine resources. This is all the more important given that the OECD projects that by 2030 the “Blue Economy” could outperform the growth of the global economy following the trend of responsible assets outgrowing traditional assets under management globally. It is against this backdrop that global financial markets are paying very close attention to developments in this area. What are some of the current issues facing the regulation and promotion of a sustainable “Blue Economy” and the next steps for the creation of a market place for financial products relating to these assets?
Sustainable Blue as an Asset Class
The ocean, as an asset, has an annual economic value generation of at least USD 2.5 trillion (making it the world’s seventh largest economy by asset class). Yet its importance lies away from pure economic metrics as from a “life on earth” perspective, the ocean absorbs 25% of all CO2 emissions and generates 50% of the world’s oxygen. Unlike certain other asset classes, the “Blue Economy” is uniquely complex and interconnected facing a raft of environmental threats, whether from rising sea levels, climate change or exploitation of natural resources, which makes the development of a sustainable “Blue Economy” all the more important. In tackling these issues, as in the “green” space, a sustainable funding opportunity exists.
One of the key challenges with respect to the development of “sustainable blue” as an asset class is how to define the “Blue Economy” and how this translates into “eligible blue investment categories” and piloting investable products that show positive return and impact on ocean resources. With this aim in mind, the European Commission issued the Sustainable Blue Economy Finance Principles in 2019, which will undoubtedly serve as a base for future regulations that will be more granular in addressing concerns within the sector. In addition to these principles, the European Union published their Sustainable Finance Taxonomy in 2019, which will serve as the central reference point for all sustainable finance.
We anticipate “blue” regulations addressing what constitutes sustainable practices within ocean infrastructure alongside the creation of a market standard definition of “sustainable blue financing” to be possibly used as the basis for use of proceeds under future transactions (including deep sea mining, fishing, offshore oil rigs, tourism and desalination). We may also see an iteration of the Green Bond Principles (but specifically in relation to “blue”) which will provide standards in respect of monitoring and reporting mechanics required on “blue” focussed deals. As things stand, the regulatory environment is complicated by the fact that there are numerous definitions identified by various industry players as to what “sustainable blue financing” means. The leg work has certainly started, and if 2020 truly turns out to be the year of “blue”, then the market (and credit decisions associated with relevant projects) will be able to operate under a standardised set of principles. These advancements should create a more liquid and investable market and lead to “eligible blue investment categories” and derivatives products set out below.
As with any project or company, there are inherent risks or exposures arising in respect of the underlying cash flows of the business or capital structure. Derivatives products are a key investment tool used by investors and companies alike to mitigate these risks. In an ESG related product such as a “blue” project and/or financing structure, these risks may be hedged either by the arranging bank/lenders or by way of a third party financial institution. A firm understanding of the development of the market will be essential to capitalise on the significant opportunities that the “Blue Economy” presents. The first step here will be the “blue regulations” set out above which will form and guide key credit, trading, operational and pricing decisions. These will also play an important role in how financial institutions structure the derivative itself and key contractual terms (including any sustainability margin adjustments and credit spreads) set out in the relevant derivatives documentation. The derivatives market has already developed a sustainable derivatives product, and is currently watching the development of “blue” regulations in order to “blue up” derivatives products.
While this article summarises key regulatory changes likely to come in to play in 2020 to support the growth of the “Blue Economy”, we note that a “blue” bond was issued last year by the Republic of Seychelles which has led to a heightened focus by institutional investors and regulators on the “Blue Economy”. Going forward, it will be interesting to see (a) how future regulations will be implemented in 2020; and (b) if the “Blue Economy” can leverage the successes and/or improvements from the green finance space. Regulations and granularity will provide some comfort to investors, which would then (along with de-risking mechanisms such as blended finance and a sustainable derivatives market) mobilise much needed capital into this invaluable asset.
Staff training crucial for SME recovery post-COVID
- 47% of UK’s top performing SMEs provide regular, formalised training for all staff
- Despite this, 15% of small businesses report to never training staff
- New findings come as part of an independent, holistic study into small business success, commissioned by Allica Bank to support British businesses
A new study, commissioned by business bank, Allica Bank, shows that the practice of regular training correlates strongly with high performance in SMEs and will be vital to businesses’ prospects of a swift recovery post-COVID. The study analysed data from over 1,000 companies and ranked their success on a scale that evaluated factors including productivity, growth, consistency and outlook.
Post-pandemic, many businesses will be focussing on day-to-day survival; it might be easy to forget long-term planning, of which staff training is a key component. Allica Bank’s findings indicate that small businesses should incorporate training programmes into their recovery strategy to ensure long-term viability. Training will improve morale, retention and boost the company’s credibility.
The study showed that routine staff training is a common characteristic among the most successful SMEs. 47% of the 100 highest scorers on the SME Performance Index provided training for employees at least on a quarterly basis. However, nearly half of all small businesses (46%) only provide training once a year or less, inadvertently hindering their growth and success prospects.
Frequency of training also differed across sectors. 34% of legal businesses provide training for staff once a month compared to just 6% in the hospitality and leisure sector. Whilst there will always be sector-specific disparities, firms in all industries can benefit from boosting and improving their training programmes.
Chris Weller, Chief Commercial Officer, Allica Bank, said:
“With so many concerns and barriers for small businesses to navigate in the immediate term, it can be difficult for managers to focus on the training and development of their teams. However, if COVID has taught us anything, it is that adaptability and resilience are invaluable.
“The provision of regular training not only builds these characteristics into teams but serves to maintain a sense of value and togetherness that will boost morale, aide retention and improve performance – all of which contribute to the ongoing success of a business.”
“There is no one-size-fits-all approach to training, but it’s vital for business longevity that staff are supported with a formalised programme of some description. Customers will respond well to a company whose employees demonstrate enthusiasm and competence. Employees also need to feel that their skills are constantly being improved and expanding. These skills will contribute to the success of a company and this will feed through to the bottom line.”
Allica Bank’s SME Guide to Success identified six ‘rules to success’ that were more likely to be displayed by top-performing SMEs compared to their counterparts. The full report contains a wealth of additional data and insight into each of these topics.
As part of its mission to empower small businesses, Allica Bank is making the findings freely available and running a series of free online workshops with relevant partner organisations for businesses to attend.
Aliya Vigor-Robertson, CEO, JourneyHR, the expert partner for Allica Bank’s training workshop, adds:
“Staff need direction and the knowledge that they are advancing in their career to stay motivated and engaged at work. An unmotivated, disengaged team is no recipe for long-term success and will ultimately hamper a business. Team members that lack tangible support from above are less likely to identify with their role and its duties, which is a completely natural reaction.
“Regular staff training is a key component of tangible support and will make the team feel secure in their career development. A happy team with purpose and direction will contribute to a thriving business”
What Is Globalization
What is globalization? Globalization, or inter-connectedness, is the ever-growing process of integration and interaction among countries, individuals, businesses, and even governments all over the world. Globalization has rapidly accelerated in recent years because of advances in communication and transportation technology. This allows us to be able to get from one country to another quickly and easily. This also allows us to communicate freely use the Internet to connect with our friends and families around the world.
So what is globalization and why is it important? Globalization will benefit many people around the world who are looking to travel more freely, save money on their monthly expenditure, be able to meet new friends and relatives from different parts of the world, learn more about a new culture, and take part in trade and commerce.
Globalization will benefit all of us because there will be more opportunities for everyone to participate in global markets. People in different countries have access to resources, information, and products they wouldn’t have otherwise been able to afford. There are also many opportunities for people to work at home.
Globalization is not just an economic boon, but it can also benefit all of us in other ways. As globalization continues, the boundaries between individuals, states, and countries will become less porous. There will be fewer political conflicts in the world, less violence, and a greater sense of cooperation, tolerance, and peace. These are all positive impacts of globalization.
However, globalization has also created some negative effects as well. It has caused people from one country to move to another to take advantage of globalization. This is also leading to some negative consequences such as a reduction of jobs in some countries. The effects of globalization also include increased competition and unemployment in many countries. Due to this decrease in jobs, wages are dropping.
The only way we can stop globalization is to make sure that we know what it is and what its benefits are. We must understand globalization and its impact on our lives and make sure we are ready to accept the changes that it may bring. if it is inevitable in the future.
The key is to be educated about globalization. There are plenty of books, websites, and television shows that explain how globalization is impacting us and the rest of the world. Globalization is not always bad, but we must be careful not to lose sight of its positives.
In the end, globalization is here to stay, so we must learn to live with it and embrace its benefits. We cannot fight it and try to fight it off, but we must learn to deal with it. And we can do that by educating ourselves. Globalization is here to stay for the long term but we must learn to adapt to it and learn how to live with it.
Globalization can be beneficial for all of us, but it has also caused many problems in the past. There were many cases of unfair trade practices and there was the rise of unfair labor practices. Some people argue that globalization has also reduced the pay of most Americans. So while globalization is definitely not all bad, we should understand that the benefits of globalization are not unlimited. and that we must be willing to give it some limitations and accept some sacrifices.
The biggest benefit of globalization is the ability for all of us to communicate with each other easily. The ability to connect with other people across borders makes it possible to share ideas, information, and knowledge. Since we can communicate with each other, the chances of getting a good price for our goods or services goes up dramatically. and it also allows us to save money by buying in bulk. This also translates to more savings on our end.
As mentioned earlier, globalization has brought about a change in the way people work and live because people are no longer tied down by jobs. They now have the freedom to travel and do what they enjoy.
As globalization continues, there will always be some people who are unhappy with globalization and are afraid to open their eyes to new opportunities that are available to them. But that is okay; this is part of the process of globalization.
What Is Microsoft Teams
Microsoft Teams is an application and web-based collaboration tool that combines chat, videos, online collaboration, document storage, and collaboration with other applications. The service integrates well with the Microsoft Office 365 business solution and features numerous extensions that can integrate well with other non-Microsoft products, like SharePoint. There are many different versions of Microsoft Teams but here are some of the basic functions that all versions offer.
Teams also offers a variety of options for people to create and customize their own groups. This feature provides a way for people to organize their teams within Microsoft Teams. For example, there may be teams for business projects and then another group for personal tasks or social tasks. There are also different types of teams which include teams for social, personal and business.
Microsoft Teams allows users to make lists of files and documents and view them from different perspectives such as in the document viewer or from another Microsoft Teams project. This feature is called “project pane”, and it shows a summary of each of the files in the project. There are also sections for all files in the project that you can see in the “Files” pane.
Microsoft Teams gives users the ability to share information and collaborate on these shared items. A user can create a document that has other people add comments or attach files and then save the document to a list so that other people can view the document in a Microsoft Teams document viewer.
Another feature of Teams is the ability for you to invite other team members to work with you. A user can join a team and then invite other team members to collaborate with the team members who join the team. You can also invite team members to join a new team. When a team member joins a new team, they will be automatically added to your existing teams and the teams will merge together.
Microsoft Teams provides a number of different ways for you to collaborate with others and see the files and documents of others. These include groups and threads in the main document viewer. You can search your files using the search box in the document viewer and you can share your documents with others by email.
Microsoft Teams provides users with a variety of different tools to help you organize and manage your teams. You can assign members to specific teams, assign permissions to members, create custom groups, organize tasks and events, and organize files and documents into groups.
Microsoft Teams can help you build a team and create a collaboration culture that you want to create at your organization. You can use this tool to build effective teams and increase productivity and improve your relationships within the organization. Microsoft Teams offers a variety of options to help you get started and become more productive quickly and easily.
Teams are created easily. If you have several departments within your organization and need to create a team for each department you can do this easily. Teams are made easy and you can get your teams up and running quickly.
One of the best features of Microsoft Teams is the ability to invite people from around the world and let them work with the same documents and projects. You can have the documents and projects organized and shared in the same way throughout the entire organization, regardless of what country they were created in. You can create a similar project in the same language that they were created in and share it with other employees in the organization.
One of the most amazing features of Microsoft Teams is the ability to have multiple team members edit and view the documents and files in the same way. With Microsoft Teams you can have a document and have people edit the same document at the same time without any problems. The changes that you make can also be seen by other team members and can be modified by them without ever needing to send the document again.
Microsoft Teams is the perfect tool for building a powerful and effective collaboration culture. You can share documents and files in the same way that the rest of the organization can view the information.
Return to Work Doesn’t Mean Business as Usual When it Comes to Travel and Expense
By Rob Harrison, MD UK & Ireland, SAP Concur The last few months have been an exercise in adaptability for...
Why technology is key to the future of auditing
By Piers Wilson, Head of Product Management at Huntsman Security The Financial Reporting Council (FRC), which is responsible for corporate governance,...
Staff training crucial for SME recovery post-COVID
47% of UK’s top performing SMEs provide regular, formalised training for all staff Despite this, 15% of small businesses report to...
What Is Globalization
What is globalization? Globalization, or inter-connectedness, is the ever-growing process of integration and interaction among countries, individuals, businesses, and even...
What Is Microsoft Teams
Microsoft Teams is an application and web-based collaboration tool that combines chat, videos, online collaboration, document storage, and collaboration with...
What Is Capitalism
What is capitalism? Is it a great economic system or just another economic system that is not so great? Well,...
How To Start A Youtube Channel
How to Start a YouTube Channel For Your Business: Do you have a blog or website? If you do, it’s...
What is URL
A Uniform Resource Locater, colloquially known as a URL, is an identification to a certain web resource, a directory or...
What Is Seo
Search engine optimization, also known as SEO, is the process of increasing the quantity and quality of site traffic from...
How Much Rent Can I Afford.
How much rent is too much to pay? Sometimes, apartment complexes look at an annual income that’s over forty times...