The UK’s fintech sector is booming. Despite Brexit related uncertainty, it hasn’t stopped investors ploughing $16bn into the UK fintech market in the first half of 2018 alone. These investments in the UK surpassed those made by both of the world’s financial power houses, the US and China. It remains Europe’s main hub for financial technology start-ups, providing over 60,000 jobs and contributing around $7 billion annually to the economy.
As the jewel in the UK economy, investors recognise the need to capitalise on fintech companies relentless push to innovate, disrupt and democratise away from old, entrenched ways of doing business. With the arrival of the open banking regulation, banks and fintechs are also under pressure to innovate at pace and provide customers with personalised on-demand services. From blockchain to AI, cryptocurrency to peer-to-peer lending, the sheer range of new ideas originating in the banking industry is exciting. But the continued success of the UK fintech market will rely on the investment organisations place on security.
Cloud holds the key to modern banking
In an ultra-competitive market, traditional high-street banks are scrambling to pursue digital transformation projects to become more agile in the face of aggressive time-to-market, fierce competition for customers and changing business models shifting from product-centric to customer-centric. But whether it’s an old banking giant or a new challenger bank, it is cloud computing that provides the foundation of the modern era of banking.
For IT leaders the cloud is crucial as it supports the rapid, continuous development of application-based services, enabling firms to react quickly to market demand with innovative new offerings. The scalability and elasticity supports a more agile business and empowers fintech firms to be more efficient, doing more with less.
The rise of challenger banks such as Monzo, Revoult and Sterling have signalled a decisive shift to mobile and internet banking. HSBC is the latest banking giant to revamp its mobile banking offering to compete with these challengers. Again, it is the cloud’s ability to support users anytime, anywhere, on any device that is vital for a mobile, app-driven world.
From a regulatory perspective, cloud technology has helped banks and fintechs achieve compliance in the era of GDPR. The new regulations enable customers to contact organisations to access their personal data and have this removed if required. The traditional server infrastructure in banking is often cumbersome, making it far more difficult to access customer data. By using the cloud, banks can quickly locate and address some the data breaches and questionable handling of customer data that has been seen in recent times.
Secure your APIS, now!
But this innovation must not come at the expense of security. The evolving technology and regulatory landscape means that cloud technologies must have security baked at its core.
Financial services must also not overlook the security risk associated with the creation of banking apps in the open banking environment – in particular, API security. As developers within banks and fintech companies use APIs to connect technologies (most commonly apps, but also platforms and systems), they create new digital banking innovations and remove barriers to allow more efficient, simpler ways to kickstart innovative programs.
While the value of inter-connected applications is undeniable, there are also significant risks. APIs provide open connections between platforms, a failure to protect these connections will provide hackers with the opportunity to attack API services with both stolen or invalid credentials. It is essential that developers and security teams within these organisations pay close attention to securing APIs.
To illustrate this, visualise a door: you want to make sure only the right people (or in this case, apps) have the correct keys. You can do this by specifying the conditions under which actions are taken, giving you precise and confident control over your APIs. Additionally, integrating and identifying contextual factors such as IP addresses, geolocation, and device identification can increase security and reduce credential-based attacks.
Don’t underestimate the threat from within
With the boom in online banking and mobile apps, identity access management (IAM) becomes essential for securing financial services. External threats such as hackers are most commonly associated with identity theft and fraud, but too often internal threats are neglected. Banks and fintechs must realise the cybersecurity risk associated with their employees. Both human error and malicious intent could lead to damaging data loss/theft. Mistakes made by staff accounted for 62% of all breach incidents reported to UK the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), according toresearch from 2016.
Staff could be tricked into clicking on convincing-looking phishing links designed to harvest their credentials. Malicious insiders are even harder to spot as they will do their best to cover their tracks. Some may even take data with them to a competitor when they leave.The 2018 Insider Threat Report estimates that 90% of global organisations feel vulnerable to insider-related risk. The main contributing factors highlighted by IT leaders are too many employees with excessive access privileges (37%), and an increasing number of devices with access to sensitive data (36%). For financial services companies, these problems are particularly acute.
The answer lies in changing the way companies regulate IAM so employees only have access to systems, apps and platforms they need, and that access is granted in a secure manner. A vital starting point is moving away from relying on passwords alone and use risk-based multi-factor authentication on all of the infrastructure. Adopt stronger authentication policies that ensure employees have access to only the information they need to do their work.
Security breeds success
In the battle to dominate the market share in the modern era of banking, players in the financial services industry realise they must be agile, collaborative and scalable. They are under pressure to innovate at pace to appeal to a customer base that no longer cares for blind banking loyalty. But banks and fintechs cannot neglect cybersecurity risks at the expense of innovation.
The rise of digital banking means consumers are placing more personal data and information in the hands of these companies. Cybersecurity, in particular identity and access management, becomes a key driver in attracting and retaining customers new and old. To stand a chance of remaining successful in the future banking market, financial services companies must ensure IAM policies are thorough, while guaranteeing API security. Any lapses here will cost a company dearly.
As General Manager, EMEA, Jesper Frederiksen is responsible for driving Okta’s growth in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. He is also tasked with developing and retaining talent, driving customer success, giving back to the local community and increasing Okta’s brand awareness in the region.
Jesper brings more than 25 years of sales, technology and leadership experience to Okta, most recently spending four years with DocuSign, leading the company’s expansion across EMEA as Vice President and General Manager. Prior to DocuSign, Jesper held various leadership roles at Parallels, Symantec, Google and NetIQ.
How Siloed Data Leaves Financial Institutions Open to Fraud
By Stephanie Lapierre, CEO Tealbook
Reducing the risk of fraud is a top priority for all financial institutions since fraud is responsible for massive profit loss, as well as the degradation of an institution’s integrity and brand.
In trying to prevent fraud, most executives look to protect themselves from the outside in, implementing layers of security and launching reactive measures. However, in order to truly protect your organization from fraud, it’s imperative to begin by looking at your existing internal structures. The most critical and often overlooked area to assess is how your organization obtains, enriches, and distributes data.
Streamlining and scrubbing your data can increase profitability without adding to resource spend. Having good data allows you to complete your due diligence on vendors and external entities your organization regularly deals with. It favorably adjusts your efficiency ratio and reduces risk by eliminating redundancies, conflicting information, and information gaps. In addition, it allows smaller teams to operate with increased scale and effectiveness. In turn, this leads to a more effective vendor vetting process and less room for error in payment information verification.
Conversely, poorly managed data is confusing and deceiving and can play an unfortunate role in giving fraudulent access to outside parties through internal miscommunications. For example, updates could be made in one system and not another, and suddenly different departments are working with different data sets like payment information or legal formation documents that regulators look for in audits, and no one knows what is true or accurate. This effect snowballs over time, creating massive holes in the integrity of the data, creating unnecessary risk exposure and audit failures.
All of these vulnerabilities can serve as the foundation for developing a risk management protocol that may be rendered useless if it is based on poor data. It is impossible to properly vet vendors and suppliers or verify payment information if the data is unreliable.
By investing in a solid Data Foundation, you’ll see an increase in the success of your risk management and fraud prevention measures. In many instances, you won’t need to add more steps or resources, just power your existing systems with clean, agile, and accurate data to see improved efficiency.
Here’s a closer look at the most common vulnerabilities within a typical financial institution’s data ecosystem:
Fragmented Organization Structure
As organizations grow and scale, it’s inevitable that different subsections will become isolated from one another and begin different processes for data management. Poorly managed systems can exacerbate this lack of communication and threaten data integrity.
It may not seem like cause for concern if a few different arms of an organization aren’t completely in sync. However, in the financial space, this issue rarely applies to just one or two organizational divides. For example, a prominent US-based financial institution boasts over 90 business units, all of which need to be synergized in order to prevent inaccurate data, redundancies, and problems with regulatory information gathering. This siloed information is, unfortunately, a common practice that needs to be addressed.
Unmanaged Proprietary Systems
In an attempt to serve data in a highly specialized way, many institutions have explored developing proprietary data systems for internal use. However, because of factors like employee turnover or an inability to keep up with data integrity best practices, these legacy systems quickly become obsolete and unmanaged. Their custom nature also renders them inflexible and unable to integrate with other solutions.
When trying to work around an unmanaged system, different branches of an institution may turn to different solutions. When work is being done across different platforms, this reduces visibility and increases risk for inaccuracies, which leads to poor decisions, costly rework, and potentially fraud.
If your organization is reliant on a proprietary system, consider if that system is functional and scalable. If it’s not, you may want to look into a flexible data management system that can work with other technologies.
Disparate Information Across Systems
Mergers, acquisitions, and growth also lead to using and implementing many different ERP solutions and antiquated legacy software that are forced to communicate with each other using painful manual efforts. A major problem arises from the fact that these systems operate across numerous lines of businesses, all with different siloed data. By having so many siloed systems that could be compromised with harmful data, these disparate data sources leave banks and other financial institutions exposed to unnecessary risk.
Different departments have different needs, so it makes sense that they would use different solutions, but it’s important that those solutions pull from a single source of truth in order to prevent the types of data inaccuracies that lead to vulnerabilities.
Closing the holes in your data integrity is the most proactive way a financial institution can defend against fraud. As hackers get increasingly creative and aggressive, it becomes even more critical that organizations have a trusted Data Foundation to base their decisions on. This can be achieved by ensuring that siloed systems are powered by consistent and accurate data from a single reliable source.
Three things to help fintech unicorns grow profitability
By Kash Amini, CEO and Founder of MasLife
The new breed of fintech companies is missing a trick with a massive market opportunity. Lack of customers isn’t the problem – profitability is. CEO and Founder of health and finance app MasLife Kash Amini suggests that there are three key ingredients neobanks lack in their journey to growing profit.
The ‘doom-and-gloom’ merchants are out in force, predicting that the UK economy could tank, especially on the back of a second lockdown. Devotees of 70s English rock will remember an album by the group Supertramp called “Crisis? What Crisis?”, and you can see the new breed of fintech firms thinking exactly that. Figures from Accenture’s Digital Banking Tracker show that neobanks scooped up an extra 6 million customers in the second half of 2019, tripling their customer base – even before the pandemic hit. But every silver lining has a cloud, and in this case, Accenture’s Tracker shows some of them losing as much as £15 per customer in 2019.
The new neobanks are examples of that old adage ‘old wine in new bottles’. They are doing everything that traditional banking does, but in a more seamless manner. But a seamless experience is not enough – fintechs have been focused on providing customer-friendly experience, solid customer service, flexibility, and quick onboarding. But the technology doesn’t wow customers anymore. This is what they expect, they don’t want to pay premium rates for what they consider standard.
Fintechs know they need to offer more than frictionless technology, but only the right execution will make sense to the customer – to be in line with their values and attractive enough to drive revenue.
What’s missing is the connection between the platform and users, which can ease the experience of consumers dealing with their finances. Make users feel they are part of something beyond banking solutions and give them a platform that really listens and resonates with the users’ needs and goals, without making them feel that they are just another client.
Having values and purpose is another positive attribute. Recently launched German neobank Tomorrow is focussing on protecting the climate, pointing out to their customers that not a cent goes into armaments and coal power. Another brand example – non-fintech this time – which has features and attributes fintechs could integrate into their apps, is Calm, the meditation, relaxation, and sleep app.
Since the birth of fintech, it’s been quite revealing how simplifying the user experience has made dealing with financial apps more fun, and this plays into two separate groupings of the UK population – the Millennials (born between 1981 and 1996) and Generation Z (born between 1996 and 2015). A 2019 report by finance, IT and media firm Bloomberg showed Gen Z accounting for 32 per cent of the global population – ahead of Millennials who weighed in at 31.5 per cent. It’s difficult to pigeonhole these two groups, but let’s try anyway. Millennials are ambitious, hardworking, and self-focused, whereas Gen Z is searching for truth, authenticity and looking for ethical brands. A significant number of these two groups has switched from the way the banking experience was handled previously to how neobanks handle it. That’s why there is constant growth and innovation: new designs will only amplify and substantially attract more users to more neobanks.
Don’t buy some of the negativity associated with Gen Z, like them having ‘the attention span of a goldfish’. They’re thinking critically about brands which claim high values, trust, helping the world, fighting for a better purpose. Pakistani activist for female education Malala Yousafzai – the youngest Nobel Prize laureate, and Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg are examples of what I think Gen Z is all about. So, you need to combine the element of finance and seamless tech and add something ethical and unique, to attract Gen Z – which are your future premium customers.
Below are outlined three attributes the unicorn breed of fintech firms are missing, which could spell the difference between an onwards-and-upwards trajectory rather than a crash-and-burn scenario.
Images that decrease the anxiety associated with financial matters, together with a calming user interface design. When the user fires up the app it promotes a more relaxed and stress decreasing approach to handling the financial app and in turn their finances. The vast majority of fintech apps are very ‘financial looking’ – aka dry as a bone, and fintechs need to address the look and feel of their applications. Customers paying premium rates for financial services, expect something more than a standard finance app, so fintechs need to add a better-designed interface, both graphically and interactively – currently that’s missing.
Incorporating nature and meditation images to give a much more holistic feel would also promote a better relationship with one’s finances. Health and wellness themes will make it more pleasant for people to deal with finances.
- Human connection
A lot of fintechs are completely missing the point of humanising financial apps and giving added value to the customer. When you’re incorporating finance holistically, it’s important to realise that a healthy relationship with money is part of one’s wellbeing and affects all the other aspects of one’s life – personal, business, etc. just as much as physical health.
Fintechs should think about adding gamification to their apps. It moves the process of dealing with money away from it being ‘just a finance app’ and adds more support to creating a healthier approach to personal finance.
Respected financial psychology expert Dr. Bradley Klontz has conducted several studies on customers’ relationships with their finances. People with money avoidance issues will avoid looking at account balances, bank statements, will not adhere to budgets and run away from their financial problems. Gamification and calming features can help people overcome the worry of opening their money account and make them feel more connected.
The way customers feel about their finances affects how they feel every day about other important areas of their lives. Satisfying the non-financial aspects of users would help them to evolve in all aspects of life, as this will ultimately bring them financial freedom.
The finance sector and most fintech apps do not have the consumer’s interest in mind. They are intentionally letting users go into debt in order to generate revenue. This isn’t the way to humanise the finance sector, and it is definitely not a mindful approach to customers’ wellbeing and future finances. Generation Z customers are looking for ethical applications, so fintechs who can show and prove they care about not just the customer, but about scenarios chiming with customer feelings – like improving the climate or minimal use of unrecyclable materials will likely be chosen.
Helping people realise how to reach their potential is missing big time. Fintechs need to give users a 360 approach to their life and realise the need for a holistic approach to customer finance.
We have seen these trends emerging in the last few months with some fintechs startups having approached new ways of engaging with their customers. But the big unicorn fintech world still awaits a strong player which will embrace these trends and cater to the current and future premium customers. Neobanks who find a way to help their customers create healthy financial habits will win their loyalty and the industry fight for premium rates.
Shifting Priorities in the Age of Digital Transformation
Creating the analytics-driven enterprise with a “strategic enterprise intelligence system”
In the Age of Digital Transformation, executives concerned with creating competitive advantage are laser-focused on the vitally important question:
“How can I use technology to beat the competition and avoid disruption?”
This deceptively simple question tends to open a can of worms when we attempt to answer it. On a daily basis, executives seek to simplify complex answers by deconstructing them into their component parts. By doing so, they hope to define and deploy said components on an operational level to create a better, stronger operating model.
This is the very foundation of the analytics-driven enterprise. Through this article, we hope to help executives deconstruct the complex questions they face regarding their investments in the technologies needed to secure a competitive advantage in the 21st century.
Shifting Priorities in the Age of Digital Transformation
Enlightened executives have shifted their priorities to compete in the digital age. To be a digital competitor today, the CEO and their team must leverage technology to:
- Drive revenue productivity – drive increasing rates of revenue with continuously lower variable operating costs by accelerating marginal revenues faster than marginal costs. Wall Street rewards public companies for their organic revenue growth more than any other KPI.
- Improve operational efficiencies – automate where automation makes sense, and drive continuous streamlining and improvement of key business processes that provide value at an increasingly lower cost.
- Enhance the customer experience – create a brand experience that insulates the customer base from competitive attacks and mitigates the risk of being disrupted by either traditional competitors or new entrants.
- Monetize data assets – gather, store, analyze, and move digitally-derived insights to where they are needed to drive operations, service, sales and marketing. Leveraging the company’s own unique data assets is the key to “cracking the code” and winning in the 21st
Enlightened executives have come to understand that next to their people, data is their most valuable corporate asset. The ability to leverage 21st century technologies to monetize data has resulted in an explosion of technologies of many different types designed to generate high ROI and sustainable competitive advantage from data assets residing both inside and outside of the enterprise.
Data analytics and Business Intelligence (BI) technologies are included in those high-ROI technologies. As evidence of the digital transformation explosion currently underway, in September of 2020 the cloud data warehousing firm Snowflake recorded the largest initial public offering in history. The company sold 28 million shares to raise nearly $3.4 billion. After trading over $300, Snowflake stock closed at $253.93, up 112% from its offering price. Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway fund is a major investor.
Cloud is but one component. The digital transformation market based on technology is segmented into cloud computing, AI, big data and analytics, mobility/social media, cybersecurity, IoT, and others. The global digital transformation market size is projected to grow at a CAGR of 16.5% from USD 469.8 billion in 2020 to USD 1009.8 billion by 2025. The AI segment is expected to grow at 30% + CAGR during the same period.
Gamechanger: The Rise of Big Data
The emergence of big data as a source of competitive advantage has changed everything. The hype rages on as the continuous, 24/7/365 onslaught of structured and unstructured data has triggered both unprecedented opportunities and major disappointment.
Cutting through the hype surrounding big data and making it actionable has been a major source of heartburn for business teams. As a result, the technologies associated with making big data actionable—organizing it, analyzing it, and creating useable output that drives the four priorities outlined above—has become a priority for global enterprises across all sectors.
Managing and monetizing this “Big Data Tsunami” has become a top priority for CEOs around the globe.
The Rise of Business Intelligence (BI) Tools
Business Intelligence tools include key features such as data visualization, visual analytics, interactive dashboarding, and KPI scorecards with minimal IT support. They allow business users to utilize automated reporting and predictive analytics in a self-service mode to operate the business and build their “strategic enterprise intelligence system.”
Becoming an analytics-driven enterprise is essential in the Age of Digital Transformation, where start-ups are emerging in every sector, taking share from established brands, and inhibiting improvement in core KPIs.
The data analytics BI tools served up in visualization dashboards typically consist of four categories: 1) Diagnostic, 2) Descriptive, 3) Predictive, and 4) Prescriptive. Diagnostic and Descriptive analytics tell the company what happened and why, while Predictive and Prescriptive analytics tell the company what to do and when to do it.
Properly integrated, a strategic BI solution can let the business both look “in the rearview mirror” (diagnostic and descriptive reporting) and “through the windshield into the future” (predictive and prescriptive actions). This allows the company to optimize its approach to customers, products, and markets, as well as drive core KPIs to new levels.
BI tools, when integrated properly with other data and analytics assets and organized for the unique needs of the business, can create a strategic enterprise intelligence system. Their benefits include:
- Data consolidation across business unit, data and technology silos—a single version of the truth at the enterprise level
- Self-service analytics unlock data access so data can be monetized
- Elimination of manual tasks
- Reduced costs
- Real-time access and reporting
Today, the world’s most innovative companies are using complex combinations of these commercially available suites combined with their own proprietary data analytics to drive the performance of these suites to even higher levels.
To learn more about building a strategic enterprise intelligence system, and how digital champions are transforming their business models using data insights, check out The Benefits of Business Intelligence Suites for Executives on Trianz.com.
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