Connect with us

Technology

Securing mainframe’s future in finance amid the widening IT skills gap

Published

on

Financial Services Struggling To Plug IT Skills Gap

Ken Harper – Director, Mainframe Services at Ensono

The banking industry may have its head in the cloud, but mainframe remains the solid, reliable backbone of financial computing.

It’s true: the cloud is flashier and newer,but it’s no coincidence that 92 of the world’s 100 largest banks continue to rely on the humble mainframe. Financial institutions readily understand its ability to handle high volumes of transactions reliably, securely, and efficiently. Unlike the cloud, it can handle more workloads cost effectively, often without additional infrastructure or staffing.

Predictions were made that suggested mainframe would be redundant by 1996, yet 2018 sees it accounting for 70% of Fortune 500’s core systems. A gift that keeps on giving, the mainframe has continued to power the banking world through its revolutionary shift to 24-hour online banking and the increased need for impenetrable security of personal financial information.

But in spite of the benefits that mainframe computing can provide, there’s a wider societal problem brewing that could spell disaster for the sector: the baby boomer generation created, maintained and developed the mainframe, and in recent years, retirement has been taking its toll. What was once a cutting-edge career has become a neglected occupation in need of a revival. As the pool of talent diminishes year on year, demand for those skills is rises. With the banking and finance industry making up a staggering 23% of the total number of organisations that rely on mainframe, this is the sector that risks taking the brunt of the impact.

Despite figures showing that almost half of banking executives believe that dual-platform hybrid cloud- and the systems that underpin it – can accelerate innovation, perceptions that the mainframe is dying remain rife. It isn’t difficult to understand why people are reluctant to study for and enter into this specialist field. Millennials have been caught up in the race to help push forward the latest innovations and technologies, and in that process, mainframe has been left in the dust. Many university courses have dropped mainframe and its related coding languages from the curriculum in favour of blockchain and cloud-focused courses,deemed to be ‘longer-life’ skills.

 Solutions are limited. Banks can theoretically take the risky, time-consuming and expensive option to transition from mainframe to cloud, but then they lose out on the many advantages that the mainframe brings. There is no quick-fix solution to this crisis, and realistically, the solution involves a multi-pronged approach.

Firstly, the financial mainframe needs a makeover; it’s about perception. Rather than being synonymous with the older generation, young workers need to see the relevance of a career in mainframe, and the premium that their skills can command in the market. Banks should make the recruitment process engaging, lending universities and colleges new mainframe equipment and opening dialogues with students to perpetuate the image of the mainframe as a platform for innovation. Competitions could be run, with coveted financial apprenticeships offered to those who engage with the mainframe in creative ways.

It’s also about training: banks should certainly consider developing a mainframe on-boarding programme to train interns and seasoned hires, steering the trainees through the programme in a way that allows junior-level interns to quickly gain vocational mainframe experience, while seasoned hires can skip topics they already know. The interns should complete their training with technical assignments, tailored to their growing skills and knowledge base. Allocating new starters an experienced ‘Mainframe Mentor’ will support all of this by promoting a culture of openness, in which questions are encouraged and anecdotal stories can be shared to expedite learning.

Lastly, it’s also about ensuring mainframe IT salaries are competitive. To close the talent gap for skills that are becoming increasingly scarce, mainframe jobs must offer commensurate compensation. The job skills are just as necessary as other IT jobs, but are also harder to come by – and graduates will be more attracted to the challenges of learning the mainframe if they are compensated well. The average salary for a recent graduate working in mainframe systems programming isn’t easily found online.

The mainframe is here to stay, especially for established financial institutions, and the most astute IT leaders will be planning for a future that continues to accommodate mainframe computing. Securing mainframe’s future will need well-planned actions to attract and retain the next generation of moderators, and no one solution will work for every financial organisation. With the right strategy in place, however, companies can continue to extract value from the mainframe for years to come.

Technology

Bots Are People Too: Robotic Process Automation in Finance

Published

on

Bots Are People Too: Robotic Process Automation in Finance 1

By Tom Venables, Practice Director – Application & Cyber Security at Turnkey Consulting

As technology has advanced, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) has become a valuable tool for finance teams in streamlining everyday processes and operations. Until 2020, RPA worked in combination with skilled human resource to get these vital tasks done – and then came COVID-19.

The economic shock of the pandemic has led many organisations to pare back their workforces, and consequently they are increasingly turning to RPA in order to get the same jobs done for a smaller financial outlay. This acceleration in adoption can deliver huge benefits for these organisations, but comes with a number of tricky challenges to navigate, especially around security, risk and the management of system access.

Removing the margin for error

The premise of using RPA over human finance operatives is clear: robots don’t get tired or bored. Even the most skilled and experienced employee in the world will be fatigued by dealing with a seemingly endless stream of invoice amounts, PO numbers and other data and, over time, it’s easy for mistakes to creep in.

RPA bots don’t have this problem (and neither do they have to be regularly fuelled with coffee). They have the ability to read an invoice, attribute the information within it to the appropriate PO number, and set in motion all the payment and ledger activity related to that data.  Not only do they do all that more reliably than humans, but they do so much faster and more cheaply.  However, this ideal vision can only be achieved if RPA is built and implemented into a business correctly.

Different cure, same treatment

RPA bots do have incredible capabilities for automating and streamlining all these processes – but they first have to be told exactly what to do and how to do it. At a minimum, the controls that apply to human finance staff also need to be deployed to bots, with a view to these controls being even more robust, given the larger workloads bots can take on. It may also be necessary to amend controls so that they reflect the new ways of working; as the business processes change, so too do the key control points which must be captured.

This requires three key elements to be considered:

  • Control execution points: taking an accounts payable (AP) process as an example, an AP clerk will approve processes manually, then pass onto the AP manager so that it has been checked by at least two people. RPA removes this function and reduces the level of human intervention to spot-checks; to avoid errors such as duplicate payments, it is essential to have automated controls working properly.
  • Failure indicators: depending on how they are configured, bots can (occasionally) make mistakes, such as misjudging numbers of a similar format and putting a PO number in as an amount. Bots can resolve these issues themselves, but only if they know about the types of errors they should be looking for.
  • Robust testing: both of the points above mean rigourous testing is critical; how meticulous that testing needs to be depends on the amount of work RPA is taking on. If, for example, RPA is handling half the cash outgoings at an organisation, then controls need to be sufficiently strong to match the risk posed to the business if things go wrong.

Safety still comes first

Along with controls, how RPA fits in with the organisation’s security provisions must also be considered. Bots can process a large number of invoices in a very short period of time. This speed is potentially enough to trigger warnings around security breaches as System Information and Event Management (SIEM) systems may perceive it as abnormal activity and flag it as a threat to the organisation; allowances need to be made to accommodate this major change in ‘usual’ activity.

It’s also worth remembering that bots are also pieces of software and, like any piece of software, they are therefore at risk of cyber attack. Because they are required to process lots of sensitive information at high speed without triggering alerts, they are often an attractive target for cyber-criminals. As well as considering bot security such as who can access their configuration, it is crucial to keep the authorisation assigned to bots to an absolute minimum in order to limit their risk profile and eliminate credentials often given to them that are unnecessary.  Minimum authorisation states that the (bot or human) user should have only the level of access needed to perform the tasks required of them.  The high volumes of processing undertaken by bot accounts reinforces the need to apply this principle, despite the temptation to ensure they can work with multiple scenarios without interuption by widening authorisation (which increases the risk they can undertake activity they shouldn’t).

In summary

Overall, RPA bots can and should be immensely powerful assets to most organisations in the unpredictable months and years ahead – but only with the right implementation. With risk, security and controls kept front of mind, the efficiency of finance operations can be improved, resulting in meaningful savings, and a reduction in the pressure put on the human finance staff.

Continue Reading

Technology

How to drive effective AI adoption in investment management firms

Published

on

How to drive effective AI adoption in investment management firms 2

By Chandini Jain, CEO of Auquan

Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to augment the work of investment management firms to unprecedented levels, powering decision-making, driving efficiencies, and ultimately improving performance. In fact, the market for AI in asset management is expected to grow to an astounding US$13.43 billion by 2027, expanding at a CAGR of 37.1% between 2020 and 2027. Innovative firms are applying AI across the industry value chain and transforming the ways in which they use the ever-expanding amounts of data that are available to them.

However, that’s not to say that there aren’t challenges and obstacles involved in leveraging the technology. AI adoption is not a ‘magic bullet’ that can solve inefficiencies without the right set-up, nor should it be treated as a simple ‘add-on’ that portfolio managers (PMs) can tap into when they see fit. AI implementation in an investment management firm requires a number of prerequisites in order to have maximum impact. But first, let’s take a look at exactly how AI can boost the performance of investment management firms.

How AI adds value

Implementing data analytics into the investment management value chain holds a number of benefits. For example, when it comes to front office operations, AI can supplement investment decisions by drawing insights from alternative sources of data such as satellite imagery or social media, while also automating the analysis of large datasets. Data science teams working within investment management can build simulations to allow PMs to predict the performance of new investment ideas. They can also use AI for trading – to optimize trade execution and automate trading decisions.

One example of using AI to power alpha generation comes from Man Group, which saw a five times increase in assets between 2014 and 2018, and whose funds that incorporate AI total more than US$12 billion. Front office operations are arguably the business area where AI holds the most potential.

When it comes to distribution and marketing, AI can improve prospect and sales targeting using segmentation, predict and reduce attrition, support personalization, and help develop pricing algorithms. Data analytics can also be implemented into the areas of operations, tech, and support to automate processes, improve talent targeting, predict team member performance, and strengthen compliance, amongst other uses.

Going beyond simply reducing costs and driving efficiencies, AI is providing new opportunities for investment management firms to transform how they use data to operate and inform decisions. But despite all of this, adoption levels are still relatively low: A 2019 survey by the CFA Institute found that only 10% of PMs responding had used machine learning (ML) techniques during the year prior. Furthermore, a 2019 report by BCG found that less than 30% of asset management firms are actively leveraging data analytics. Evidently, launching an AI project is not an overnight process – nor is it one that guarantees success without the right prerequisites in place.

Here’s how investment management firms can set themselves up for success and ensure readiness for AI implementation.

Embed a data culture 

Before steaming ahead with any AI project, investment management firms need to ensure that the entire organization appreciates the value of data-driven decision making. A firm may have already hired a data science team or gained access to alternative data sets, but if it doesn’t have a culture of systematic decision making that permeates across the organization, the success of any AI project will be limited.

How can firms ensure that this is the case?

Ultimately, building data-driven must start at the top: the CEO, CIO, and all other executives must lead by example and evidence of their own commitment to data-based decisions. If leaders want their teams to leverage data at all points of decision-making, they must make the data accessible for non-technical employees and provide training on how to use any relevant tools. Teams must feel comfortable with the why of data analytics solutions, so management must make them explainable while ensuring they are aware of the capabilities and limitations of AI. And finally, the data science team must avoid working in a silo, away from the other business functions of the firm.

Reconfigure the team structure

The core investment process must be re-thought, from the ground up. Data science teams must be driven by a business need which is provided by the PM, and then the two must work together to co-develop the right solution.

In addition to having a centralized data science team, the firm should have decentralized data scientists that sit within the business unit. The central team should focus primarily on data acquisition, cleaning, and ensuring reliability. The rest of the work should be done by data scientists on the PMs team – this will ensure the work is in-line with the business needs and will actually be used by the PM. With the clean, reliable data coming from the data acquisition team, the data scientists can rapidly prototype ideas for the PM.

Invest in the right software

Too many investment management firms attempt to build all of their AI software in-house. While the software that’s required for core operations and stems from core finance expertise should be developed internally, this does not apply to all other solutions being used.

For example, data analysis and automation tools that leverage ML domains such as language processing, big data processing, or image processing should not be built in-house. Constructing these systems internally is expensive, time-consuming, and means hiring for skills that would otherwise not be required within the firm. Not to mention, such systems would need a large and active development force to continuously maintain them.

That’s why it’s advisable for firms to find a third-party vendor who can take care of building the feature set that’s required, update the software with its latest version, and scale according to needs. This vendor will also take measures to ensure that the firm’s standards are consistent with its peers, and importantly, keep the system stable and secure. By integrating with a third party vendor, data science teams can focus on the core business objectives and maximize the use of overall resources.

While AI offers countless opportunities for investment management firms to augment and power decision-making and is already setting apart the top-performing firms from those that lag behind in adoption. With so much potential to enhance portfolio performance, AI adoption should be viewed as non-negotiable for forward-looking and innovative firms. It is paramount, however, that these firms embed a data-driven approach across all teams – not just PMs – and provide the structures and tools necessary for results to flourish.

Continue Reading

Technology

Democratising today’s business software with integrated cloud suites

Published

on

Democratising today’s business software with integrated cloud suites 3

By Gibu Mathew, VP & GM, APAC, Zoho Corporation

Advances in the cloud have changed the way we interact with the world. From how we pay our bills to how we communicate, to how we navigate the city streets, the cloud’s arrival has proven disruptive to the old ways of doing things.

This is perhaps no more true than in the realm of business software, an industry that has seen seismic shifts in the last two decades, and is now witnessing rapid adoption due to the global crisis in the last six months. Expensive, exceedingly complicated software that once was the purview of the few is now available to the masses, courtesy of the cloud and attendant improvements in technology. These strides have resulted in the democratisation of business software, the changing of an once-scarce resource into something everyone can access and use.

The shift to a more democratic, user-friendly, and affordable breed of business software has come about for a lot of reasons. Here are a few of the biggest ones:

THE CONSUMERISATION OF IT

As software has become more and more important to our day-to-day lives, it has also become friendlier for the end user. Actions that used to require reams of code and loads of technical know-how can now be completed with just a drag and a drop. Business software has followed suit, and increasingly looks, feels, and acts like consumer software. And with intuitive interfaces and familiar features, no specialised skills or training are required to get things up and keep them running.

MAINTAINING PRODUCTIVITY ON-THE-GO

The smartphone has put powerful computing technology in the palm of your hand and lets your business go everywhere you do. Sophisticated yet easy-to-use software is available ubiquitously, meaning that employees are no longer chained to desktop systems. In fact, driving and maintaining information across while you are on-the-go becomes a more seamless process. Software vendors whom are more customer centric, are providing mobile version as another mean of access on top of their services that runs on browser. Through real-time function, employees remain connected, and ground observation made during field work are readily updated through the cloud.

 THE TECHNOLOGY BUFFET

Part and parcel of the democratsation of software is the rise in consumer choice. Every day, new solutions are added to app galleries and marketplaces around the web, giving people multiple ways to tackle any business process. These app stores also give businesses the opportunity to see what other companies are doing to tackle similar problems.

There used to be a handful of software vendors that a business could choose from; now there are hundreds. Because there are so many options, customers can choose how they want to manage their processes without having to learn new skills.

Gibu Mathew

Gibu Mathew

 THE GREAT EQUALISER

Business software used to require a massive capital expenditure. As a consequence, only large companies with deep pockets could afford the features and capabilities software systems provided. However, the rise of the cloud and mobile technology have put an end to the need for installed, on-premise systems, and the costs (and time) associated with them. You no longer need a room full of servers or high capEx to run your business; a smartphone will do just fine. The result? Small businesses finally have access to the tools the “big boys” have had for years, and can now provide the same world-class experience to their customers.

SOFTWARE THAT YOU CAN PROVISION

As software has gotten easier to use, more people are using software. Decisions about what systems a business would run was left to people with diplomas in computer engineering. But no more. Today’s business software is more user-friendly than ever, meaning that even non-specialists can be as empowered as the pros to make decisions about the systems they’ll employ.

What’s more, advances in data virtualisation enables people to access the information they need without requiring special tools or knowledge. Data can now be retrieved and analysed by non technical individuals without having to know its structure, location, or format; this means a lot more people can have access to the details they need, without needing a bunch of training to get there. You can finally get rid of the IT gatekeepers and take charge of your business.

We believe that software is making the world better, but you still need the right suite. You need software that is easy enough for a tech novice to use, powerful enough for the expert, and priced reasonably enough so as not to impact anyone’s bottomline. Find a business solutions suite that’s “all-in” on cloud computing, includes a large selection of apps that are designed to handle every business process and run on every device. On top of that, it has to be affordable and, in the current times,  prioritise data privacy and security. Most importantly, be confident that the provider you choose has business goals aligned to yours and are happy and willing to help you every step of the way.

Continue Reading
Editorial & Advertiser disclosureOur website provides you with information, news, press releases, Opinion and advertorials on various financial products and services. This is not to be considered as financial advice and should be considered only for information purposes. We cannot guarantee the accuracy or applicability of any information provided with respect to your individual or personal circumstances. Please seek Professional advice from a qualified professional before making any financial decisions. We link to various third party websites, affiliate sales networks, and may link to our advertising partners websites. Though we are tied up with various advertising and affiliate networks, this does not affect our analysis or opinion. When you view or click on certain links available on our articles, our partners may compensate us for displaying the content to you, or make a purchase or fill a form. This will not incur any additional charges to you. To make things simpler for you to identity or distinguish sponsored articles or links, you may consider all articles or links hosted on our site as a partner endorsed link.

Call For Entries

Global Banking and Finance Review Awards Nominations 2020
2020 Global Banking & Finance Awards now open. Click Here

Latest Articles

Data Unions, fisherfolk and DeFi 4 Data Unions, fisherfolk and DeFi 5
Finance4 hours ago

Data Unions, fisherfolk and DeFi

By Ruby Short, Streamr In the fintech world it seems every month there’s a new trend or terminology to get...

Deloitte: Middle East organizations need to rethink their workforce in the wake of COVID-19 6 Deloitte: Middle East organizations need to rethink their workforce in the wake of COVID-19 7
Top Stories4 hours ago

Deloitte: Middle East organizations need to rethink their workforce in the wake of COVID-19

Organizations in the Middle East have had to take immediate actions in reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as shifting...

One in five insurance customers saw an improvement in customer service over lockdown, research shows 8 One in five insurance customers saw an improvement in customer service over lockdown, research shows 9
Top Stories4 hours ago

One in five insurance customers saw an improvement in customer service over lockdown, research shows

SAS research reveals that insurers improved their customer experience during lockdown One in five insurance customers noted an improvement in...

ECOMMPAY expands Open Banking payments solution to Europe 10 ECOMMPAY expands Open Banking payments solution to Europe 11
Finance4 hours ago

ECOMMPAY expands Open Banking payments solution to Europe

Open Banking by ECOMMPAY facilitates fast, secure and simple payments  International payment service provider and direct bank card acquirer, ECOMMPAY, has...

Bots Are People Too: Robotic Process Automation in Finance 12 Bots Are People Too: Robotic Process Automation in Finance 13
Technology4 hours ago

Bots Are People Too: Robotic Process Automation in Finance

By Tom Venables, Practice Director – Application & Cyber Security at Turnkey Consulting As technology has advanced, Robotic Process Automation...

The power of superstar firms amid the pandemic: should regulators intervene? 14 The power of superstar firms amid the pandemic: should regulators intervene? 15
Top Stories4 hours ago

The power of superstar firms amid the pandemic: should regulators intervene?

By Professor Anton Korinek, Darden School of Business and Research Associate at the Oxford Future of Humanity Institute. Gosia Glinska, associate...

How to drive effective AI adoption in investment management firms 16 How to drive effective AI adoption in investment management firms 17
Technology5 hours ago

How to drive effective AI adoption in investment management firms

By Chandini Jain, CEO of Auquan Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to augment the work of investment management firms...

Democratising today’s business software with integrated cloud suites 18 Democratising today’s business software with integrated cloud suites 19
Technology5 hours ago

Democratising today’s business software with integrated cloud suites

By Gibu Mathew, VP & GM, APAC, Zoho Corporation Advances in the cloud have changed the way we interact with...

Why the UK is standing tall at the forefront of fintech 20 Why the UK is standing tall at the forefront of fintech 21
Top Stories5 hours ago

Why the UK is standing tall at the forefront of fintech

By Michael Magrath, Director of Global Standards and Regulations, OneSpan In recent years, the UK has established itself as one...

How CFO’s can Help Their Businesses Successfully Navigate The Financial Fallout From COVID-19 22 How CFO’s can Help Their Businesses Successfully Navigate The Financial Fallout From COVID-19 23
Top Stories1 day ago

How CFO’s can Help Their Businesses Successfully Navigate The Financial Fallout From COVID-19

By Mohamed Chaudry, Group CFO of FoodHub 2020 has been one of the toughest years in recent memory for business....

Newsletters with Secrets & Analysis. Subscribe Now