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MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014

MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 1

“Monitoring the pulse of the City Jobs Market”

Job availability in the City up 15% month-on-month

Active jobseekers in the City up 15% month-on-month

London Employment Monitor June 2014 highlights:

  • Job vacancies jumped 15% between May 2014 and June 2014
  • Year-on-year figures show 10% uplift in available roles
  • Candidate numbers increased 15% month-on-month following two previous monthly falls
  • Salaries were on average 14% higher for those securing new positions in June 2014

City recruitment on rebound following hiring dip

The June 2014 London Employment Monitor shows that City recruitment is back on track again following its May dip, with the number of available roles up 15% in June to 8,490, from 7,410 recorded the previous month.  Yearly figures also indicate that hiring continues to move in a positive direction, with job opportunities up 10% in June compared to the same month in 2013, when there were 7,749 roles registered.

On the candidate side, the market has rallied month-on-month, from 4,911 job seekers in May to 5,662 in June – a rise of 15%.  Yearly data shows a 21% decrease in candidate numbers in June compared to the same month last year, as the sector recovers from the impact of two consecutive dips in April and May – the result of four bank holidays and individuals taking extended leave due to the school half-term.

Hakan Enver, Operations Director, Morgan McKinley Financial Services, commented:

“This latest data indicates City hiring is bouncing back following two consecutive months of contraction, which follows our prediction that the market would pick up once the holiday season was over.  June saw a 15% leap in the number of roles available, despite conflicting reports from other recruiters in the financial services sector that jobs movement is falling.  The positive annual growth figure of 10% is in keeping with the recent CBI/PwC survey, showing UK financial services continue to enjoy an improving outlook, with economic growth stimulating confidence, demand and volumes of business.  Within the City, there’s been a renewed appetite for risk, with the IPO and M&A advisory markets currently experiencing a frenzy of activity.  This is backed up by news last month that private equity backed flotations reached their highest ever level.

“This positive sentiment has been borne out by a shift in the number of contractor versus permanent placements.  During H1 of 2014, there was a 5% increase in permanent vacancies over the period.  Year-on-year comparisons show that the volumes increased by 4%.  Although the overall flow of opportunities is still in favour of contractors, it is clear to see that the market is increasing its commitment to investing in long-term staff.

“In terms of the functions driving jobs growth, in June we saw a huge amount of activity within the operations and finance sectors.  From an operations perspective, there was a notable rise in the number of client services jobs released, seemingly coupled with a rise in demand for portfolio analysts.  With high levels of trading activity and increasingly lean and automated middle office functions and processes, client service and portfolio analysts were needed across the board to handle the extra volume.

“Similarly, within accountancy and finance, there has been a considerable focus on recruiting at the AVP level.  Qualified accountants with 2 to 5 years’ experience in banking have been in high demand, particularly within product control, regulatory control and financial control.

“Hiring is also buoyant within financial services IT, where an increase in data and software development projects has led to a consistent demand for graduate developers, in particular second jobbers with excellent grades from the Russell Group universities.    More specifically, candidates with degrees in engineering, mathematics and computer science who have worked within data rich environments such as financial services, telecoms, software or tech start-ups are highly sought after – even if only with experience in an internship – which is in turn pushing up entry level salaries.

“On the candidate side, as predicted job seeker numbers gathered momentum once again in June, with a 15% month-on-month increase.  Looking at the annual drop of 21% in candidate numbers, it’s worth noting that we’re still playing catch-up following the seasonal dips in April and May caused by the spate of spring bank holidays.  While there are still pockets of individuals who are putting their job search on hold for the summer, by September we expect the candidate market to have recovered to previous levels seen earlier this year.”

Salaries up by 14% but employers advised to consider more than remuneration to draw talent

The average salary increase for those securing new jobs in June 2014 was 14%, compared to 15% in May 2014.

Enver continued:

“Recent data from REC/KPMG indicating companies are pushing up salaries to attract potential employees echoes are own findings, which reveal salaries increased by 14% in June.  Over the last 12 months however, this shows an average increase of 18%.  As we reported last month, there’s a high level of competition among employers to attract candidates with niche skill sets, while businesses are doing their utmost to ensure employees stay put by increasing their base pay.  However, as the REC/KPMG report also flagged up, remuneration alone is often not sufficient to tempt individuals away from their current position.

“In terms of the buoyant IT sector within financial services, Emolument data (Chart 4) shows budding developers are experiencing the greatest remuneration gains, with salaries for the brightest entry-level individuals increasing by 25% since 2008 from circa £45,000 to £56,341 today.  This highlights the value of and urgent need for such individuals.  Elsewhere, big salaries remain for the top cats in technology, although at other levels, compensation has remained relatively flat for the past five years.  For example, while the average CTO earns a healthy £154,111 at a financial institution, this remains exactly the same as in 2007.”

 MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 2Chart 3: Average change in salary each month June 2014

MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 3MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 4Chart 4: Average salary and average bonuses for IT Professionals in Financial Services, London, June 2014

MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 5 Statistical methodology

Monthly new jobs and new candidates

*From May 2013, the London Employment Monitor now uses Morgan McKinley’s own weekly records of new permanent and temporary job vacancies and new candidates registering with the firm for employment. Statistics for the full market are derived using Morgan McKinley’s market share.

MORGAN MCKINLEY LONDON EMPLOYMENT MONITOR FOR JULY 2014 6

Business

The UnRefundables: Shoppers left out of pocket post-pandemic

The UnRefundables: Shoppers left out of pocket post-pandemic 7
  • One in ten shoppers (11%) left out of pocket or without refunds since pandemic
  • One in three shoppers (36%) actively avoiding purchasing due to refund worries
  • Clothes, hotel bookings, flights and electronics top list of UnRefundable items

New consumer research[1] commissioned by Visa has revealed a sharp increase in people unable to access returns or refunds for items bought during lockdown, with one in ten (11%) of those who requested money back still waiting for, or denied access, to a refund or voucher – a 215% increase from pre-pandemic times[2].

These items, coined “UnRefundables”, have left millions of concerned shoppers out of pocket. Of those that were able to access refunds for their items, one in five (20%) only received partial refunds, through cash or vouchers.

The consumer survey of 2,000 UK respondents and conducted by Opinium, revealed returns and refund requests have increased by 16% since the start of the pandemic, as more than two fifths (41%) of shoppers tried to return and refund items, services or events. Almost half (49%) of people who experienced refund issues didn’t get to use their purchase – receiving faulty or incorrect goods, items not arriving, products not being as advertised, being charged multiple times or billed the incorrect amount, or a purchase that wasn’t authorized.

UnRefundable fear putting pause on consumer spending

The research revealed that frustrations regarding refunds could have knock-on effects for British businesses, with over a third (36%) saying they have avoided making big purchases due to fears their money would not be returned and a quarter (28%) are more worried about securing a refund since the pandemic started.

Despite now being able to travel abroad and within the UK, there is increased concern amongst consumers making travel related purchases. In fact, one in three (34%) respondents say they are worried about a travel booking being refunded due to a local lockdown or “second peak” of the virus.

This follows a big increase in people trying to get refunds on flights and hotel bookings, with a fifth (22%) saying they have had more difficulties trying to get money back on cancelled holidays and events.

Why can’t Brits access refunds?

Over two fifths (43%) have been deterred from requesting a refund for an item, service or event at all – citing confusion about the returns process (15%), lack of time for the process (10%), the return window (also 10%), as well as no access to a printer for return labels (8%) as key pain points. Worryingly, one in 10 (10%) were not able to contact the company to pursue a refund.

The refund wait time has also increased notably during lockdown, with 12% saying it took over a month to get their money back compared to 7% who got a refund beforehand. Older people (aged 55+) are experiencing the biggest wait for refunds, with 5% waiting over a month before the pandemic, compared to 17% who have experienced this wait time since.

Visa has teamed up with personal finance expert Jasmine Birtles to allay consumers’ fears of being left out-of-pocket over the summer.

Jasmine Birtles commented: “If you bought something online that’s not up to scratch or hasn’t turned up, but the seller won’t budge or they’ve gone out of business, it can be tempting to chalk it up to a poor purchase decision or simply bad luck. With money a particular worry for many households currently, it’s important to research your refund options – you don’t always have to accept rescheduled dates or vouchers for equal or lesser amounts that leave you out of pocket and inconvenienced.

“If, after speaking to the retailer, you are still unable to get a refund, there are alternatives available to claw back those costs. You should contact your bank that issued your Visa card and ask them to pursue a chargeback claim, where they may be able to submit a claim to the retailer’s bank to request your money back. You can pursue a chargeback claim if you received only a partial refund, goods that weren’t as described, or have been offered alternative refund methods, including vouchers, points and rebooking. Your bank has 120 days from when the payment was made to make a chargeback claim, which is great news for people who might have missed the returns window. However, it’s worth noting that banks’ timeframes may vary and it’s best to file a dispute as early as possible to allow plenty of time. For travel, concert tickets or future-dated items, this time limit begins on the day of the event or holiday booking – providing extra reassurance to those worried about making holiday purchases.”

Jeni Mundy, UK & Ireland Managing Director, Visa, commented: “With consumer spending crucial to Britain’s economic recovery, it’s concerning to see that people are worried about securing refunds should they need to, and that in some cases this is even preventing them from making purchases. It’s important that people understand the many options open to them to get their money back should something go wrong. A good place to start is to get familiar with a seller’s cancellation, refund and exchange policy before you buy – this can often be easily found on their website. Another good way to put yourself in the driving seat when it comes to getting your money back is to pay using a Visa debit or credit card – this opens you up to the option of making a chargeback claim or provides credit card protection to ensure you aren’t left out of pocket.”

Visa’s UnRefundables: Top items being returned

  1. Clothes, shoes and accessories (31%)
  2. Hotel bookings (21%)
  3. Flights (20%)
  4. Theatre tickets (14%)
  5. Electronics (14%)
  6. Food and drink (10%)
  7. Home appliances (10%)
  8. Concerts (9%)
  9. Furniture & home furnishings (9%)
  10. Sporting goods (8%)
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Business

New Moneypenny Survey Shows How Office Life has Transformed in Post-lockdown Return to Work 

New Moneypenny Survey Shows How Office Life has Transformed in Post-lockdown Return to Work  8

A new survey by leading outsourced communications provider, Moneypenny, into the return to work post-Covid lockdown, shows that almost half (45%) of office workers surveyed are returning to work immediately, with a further 31% due back in the next one to four months, however 48% admit to having some concerns about COVID risks and a further 15% are not at all comfortable about going back to the office.

For some workers the return to work has been further delayed, with 5% not required to return to work until January 2021 at the earliest, and 18% having no specific date to return.

The North East and East Midlands have the most workers already back at work among those surveyed (53% in both regions) compared to the East of England which has the lowest proportion (41%).

New Moneypenny Survey Shows How Office Life has Transformed in Post-lockdown Return to Work  9

Navigating the new commute 

A reluctance to use public transport is shown in the fact that only 16% of those surveyed will use it to commute, while 66% will use their car. The East Midlands had the highest percentage of workers choosing to drive to work, with 81% saying they’ll commute by car, compared to 53% of those in London. Manchester had the lowest percentage of workers stating they’d be using public transport, with only 7% claiming it to be their commuting method of choice, while London had the most (29%).

Local Office Economy

In a blow to those hoping returning workers will boost the local economy, the survey showed more than 35% said that they won’t be visiting any local amenities when they go back to work.  There is a clear difference between the age groups however, as 51% of those aged 18-24 and 41% of those age 25-34 said they’d visit a nearby sandwich bar, compared with 21% of 45-54 and 11% of 55-64s who would do this.

Wearing masks in the office

The survey showed that 61% said their company has made masks compulsory, of which 28% require them to be worn at all times, in all areas, while 33% require them to be worn only in communal areas. A further 26% said their company has made masks voluntary and they plan to wear one, while 13% said they are voluntary but they won’t wear one.

When asked whether they minded having to wear a mask at work, 37% said they had no problems with the new rule, however, a further 36% said they would find it too much to do a whole day of work wearing a mask and 13% said they don’t mind wearing a mask at work short-term, but would be less happy if the policy was for the long-term. A disgruntled 9% don’t like having to wear a mask at work at all, as they feel it inhibits their freedom and human rights and they don’t like being told what to wear. A further 2% said they’ll refuse to return to work so long as masks are compulsory.

New Moneypenny Survey Shows How Office Life has Transformed in Post-lockdown Return to Work  10

In larger cities, masks are more likely to be compulsory at work, with 40% of those in London stating that their companies have already made them compulsory for all areas of the office, compared to just 14% of those surveyed in Yorkshire.

Co-workers and social distancing

Social distancing at work is clearly a concern, as 16% of those surveyed said that they don’t trust their colleagues to social distance in the office, while 37% trust some, but not all colleagues.  Scotland’s workers seem to be the least trusting, with 23% of workers stating they distrust team members.

Death of the tea round?

Some offices have banned the sharing of equipment completely (cited by 31% of those surveyed) while even without a ban, a further 35% said they won’t be sharing stationery and equipment with colleagues.

Even the tea rounds have been called into question. While 47% said they will make teas and coffees for their colleagues, 38% will only make tea for themselves and 14% said their companies have banned tea rounds.

Office workers in the East of England are most likely to only make drinks for themselves (51%), in contrast with London, where 25% will make drinks for themselves.

New Moneypenny Survey Shows How Office Life has Transformed in Post-lockdown Return to Work  11

 Commenting on the survey, Joanna Swash, CEO of Moneypenny said: ‘We were interested to see how many office workers are either already back at work or will be going back in the next few months.  While there is inevitably nervousness about Covid risks, it is positive to see the large proportion of people who are happy to work with their company in following the new health and safety rules and we’ve certainly been impressed by how innovative and agile our own clients have been in adapting to the new normal at work.’

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Business

Honest services wire fraud and the need for caution on multilateral development bank projects

Honest services wire fraud and the need for caution on multilateral development bank projects 12

By Joshua Ray, Legal Director, Rahman Ravelli www.rahmanravelli.co.uk

A recent court case extended US prosecutors’ extraterritorial reach for tackling corruption. Joshua Ray explains the implications for those accused of wrongdoing on multilateral development bank (MDB) projects

Imagine the following scenario: You are an executive for a Paraguayan construction firm that has just secured a contract with the Paraguayan government to build a hospital in that country.  The scale of the project means you will need to hire a number of subcontractors and, as you are in charge of choosing those subcontractors, you decide to seek bribes from those wanting the work. Such action is ill-advised and morally problematic. But as commercial bribery of this sort is not illegal in Paraguay, you may have breached your company’s code of conduct but you have not committed a crime under Paraguayan law.

Yet, unfortunately for you, the funds for the hospital were loaned to the Paraguayan government by the World Bank via a wire transfer from its Washington DC headquarters.  And under a recent decision from the US Second Circuit Court of Appeals, United States v. Napout, you may have just committed “honest services” wire fraud under US law—even though you never stepped foot out of Paraguay and did not break your home country’s laws. The Napout decision is important as it expands the extraterritorial reach of US prosecutors’ anti-corruption efforts.  For the reasons that I detail below, it has significant implications for foreign businesses, especially those engaged in projects sponsored by multilateral development banks (MDBs), whose financing comes from the US.

As they did after the 2008-2009 financial crisis, the World Bank and other MDBs are counteracting the current virus-induced global economic downturn with plans to deploy hundreds of billions of dollars in loans, primarily to governments in the developing world.  Much of this will be parcelled out to private sector entities to construct hospitals, testing facilities, sanitation systems and other important infrastructure. Such projects carry the risk of corrupt local officials and business leaders siphoning off such funds for themselves. MDBs are mandated by their charters to take all reasonable steps to combat fraud and corruption on MDB-financed projects.  They do not have law enforcement powers but they satisfy their mandate by building provisions into their contracts with direct borrowers (e.g. governments) that compel the borrowers to adhere to the highest ethical standards during the execution of MDB-financed projects.  MDB contracts require borrowers to give the banks freedom to audit any of their books and records that relate to MDB funds.

This right of an MDB being able to audit the books extends to any indirect beneficiaries of MDB funds for a project, such as suppliers, consultants and contractors. Such third parties must also agree to submit to the MDB’s jurisdiction to investigate and sanction them for corruption, fraud or other misconduct. Punishments imposed by MDBs can be harsh, and can include debarment; where a company is prevented from bidding on MDB-financed projects for a number of years or even indefinitely.  When an MDB uncovers misconduct through its own investigations it can – and often will – refer its findings to national law enforcement agencies; which can mean even more serious problems for those investigated.

The significance of the Napout decision regarding such situations is that it enables US prosecutors to pursue MDB-related bribery even when the purported wrongdoer is not subject to the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Prosecutors can now pursue suspects for such bribery even if that suspect is not a US company, issuer or agent and has no other connection to the US.

The Second Circuit’s Decision

The appellants in Napout, Juan Angel Napout and Jose Maria Marin, were two former executives at football’s world governing body, FIFA. They had been convicted of using their positions to obtain millions of dollars in bribes relating to the sale of marketing and broadcasting rights. Napout had been president of Paraguay’s national football federation and Marin held the same post in the Brazilian football federation.

They both appealed on the basis that their convictions were the result of impermissible extraterritorial applications of the US honest services fraud wire statute.  The crux of their argument was summed up by Napout’s counsel, who argued that the US had no authority to police the relationship between a Paraguayan employee and his Paraguayan employer and an alleged scheme involving South Americans that took place almost entirely in South America.

The issue of whether the honest services fraud wire statute had been improperly extended to extraterritorial conduct was then reviewed by the Second Circuit. It concluded that as long as a wire fraud scheme involves a wire transmission from, into or through the US that is “essential” or more than “merely incidental” to the overall crime, the extraterritorial application of US law was permissible.

The appellants argued that honest services wire fraud was a materially different crime than regular wire fraud, as the focus of honest services wire fraud was not the use of the wires but the bad-faith breach of a fiduciary duty owed to the scheme’s victim. They argued that as the actual conduct underlying an honest services fraud scheme occurred abroad, it could not be prosecuted in the US solely because it used US wires.  But the Second Circuit disagreed: all that was required to uphold Napout’s and Marin’s convictions were facts showing that the use of US wires in their case (transfers of bribes in and out of US banks) was “essential” to their scheme. On that issue, the Court easily determined that the wires were essential: at least $2.4M of Marin’s payments were sent to his New York bank account and $2.5M of Napout’s were paid in US dollars generated by wire transfers originating in the US.

Implications for Participants in MDB-Financed Projects

The decision in Napout is relevant to MDB-financed projects as it clarifies the breadth of the honest services wire fraud statute and shows the ease with which US prosecutors can use it to target conduct that occurs almost entirely abroad.

The “honest services” variant of wire fraud is somewhat unique to US law and it is not universally recognised: a main piece of Napout’s defence, for instance, was that honest services bribery in a commercial context was not illegal where his conduct took place.  But in the Second Circuit’s view, this fact was largely irrelevant.  The Court ruled that the men had violated the statute by knowingly violating their duties to FIFA under the organisation’s code of ethics.

So, what does this mean in practice?  The Napout decision confirms that the reach of US anti-corruption efforts extends far beyond the bounds of the FCPA; which applies only to bribes paid to “foreign officials” by US issuers, domestic concerns or their agents.  Using an approach based on honest services fraud, all that US prosecutors need in order to have jurisdiction is for an “essential” US wire to be used in the scheme.  As several of the main MDBs are based in the US – including the World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank – a fraud or corruption scheme involving MDB money could easily make “essential” use of a US wire transmission; thus rendering the offenders subject to possible US prosecution.

This is an important point for companies and individuals participating in MDB-financed projects to keep in mind: even if commercial bribery is legal (or at least widely accepted) in the country where the project takes place, if the ultimate funding is flowing from the US then extreme caution must be taken to ensure that US wire fraud statutes are not violated.  This is particularly critical for projects taking place in developing countries where accepted business practices have not yet caught up with norms elsewhere.

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