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Managing the Social Impact of Least Privilege Security




Desktop Lockdown doesn’t mean taking the personal out of PC
The technical problems associated with using Windows pre-Vista as a standard user, i.e. without administrative privileges, has left an expectation that users should have full control over their PCs, including the ability to install unauthorised software and change key operating system components. User Account Control (UAC) in Vista and Windows 7 had made it more practical to run with a standard user account and led many organisations to look seriously at removing administrative rights from end users. Yet if not planned thoroughly, this can not only bring unexpected technical problems, but a mutiny in the ranks.

Change and Company Culture
In many companies, the IT department and the value it adds to the business is well respected and employees cooperate to develop the business. But in some organisations, IT may find itself in a position where users resist change at every step and demand an unrealistic level of service and autonomy that has a negative effect on the IT department’s ability to offer a good service.
Before embarking on a least privilege security project for desktop PCs, start by creating a portfolio of services that the IT department provides and outline what users can expect. For example, when a request to install software is made via the helpdesk, what’s a reasonable amount of time that users can expect to wait? What might be the business reasons for rejecting such a request and the justifications? Your portfolio should also contain a list of authorised software and hardware so that the IT department is able to provide a good service when support is needed.
Laying down foundations will make the move to least privilege easier for both the IT department and users. If employees are accustomed to demanding software be installed immediately and escalating requests to managers if they don’t get their way, least privilege on the desktop will be problematic, as software needs to be carefully vetted for compatibility with standard user accounts.
Least privilege is quick and responsive but users will have to be prepared for a new corporate culture where everything is not on instant offer. They will have to be weaned away from ‘fast food software’ and it is best to be honest with them and tell them that any delays are due to a more careful consideration of additions to the desktop. This will make them aware that any delay is not due to IT being inefficient but that their demand may have knock-on effects on others that the organisation must plan for.
A lack of policy on hardware can lead to the company acquiring so many different devices, configurations and drivers that support costs become much higher than necessary. Specifying particular brands that users are permitted to purchase helps minimise support issues because it’s not always the hardware that causes a support issue, all of the software and hardware which an enterprise intends to deploy needs to be thoroughly checked beforehand to ensure compatibility with all other deployed software  for all devices and peripherals to function properly.

Getting buy-in from top management
Backing from senior management is crucial for a successful least privilege security desktop project. Management need to understand the business benefits, so presenting data on how IT support costs can be reduced and user productivity increased is preferable to focusing on security and technical benefits. Metrics can be used to present the benefits of least privilege to management in a language they understand and the data gathered from a pilot project where a selection of users run with standard user accounts. Other benefits that can be pitched to management might include the necessity to comply with industry regulations or meet standards, such as International Organization for Standardization (ISO), that demonstrate to clients your company has measures in place to protect their data should they choose to do business with you.
This type of standardisation also brings is on to compliance which is a very powerful argument to use of the senior management when talking about the cost benefits of least privilege. Depending upon your industry sector it will be necessary to be compliant with Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS) if you are a retailer, The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulation impacts those in healthcare that exchange patient information electronically and Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) lays down compliance and corporate responsibility for financial reports.
Desktop refresh projects, i.e. installing a new desktop image or moving to a new operating system, are often used as a vehicle to implement least privilege, helping IT sell multiple benefits and get the seal of security approval. It also increases the chances of getting acceptance from end users, as an operating system upgrade is almost always supported.
There will be users and managers who decide that they should be exempt from the least privilege security project without any genuine business justification. It will be at this point that upper management must show their resolve and ensure that there are no exceptions without a valid business reason.

User Acceptance
Communicating the benefits of least privilege to end users and fully justifying why the decision has been taken to restrict use of administrative rights on the desktop will help ease the transition to a least privilege desktop. Employees should understand how running as a standard user can increase productivity, improve the company’s bottom line and protect customer data. Here’s an analogy that you can use to help your argument:
In the same way that the Highway Code maps out the behaviour society expects of us on the road, least privilege security on the desktop provides rules while enabling users to carry out their responsibilities while maintaining the performance, security and reliability of the PC so that tasks can be completed in a timely manner without crashes or breakdowns.
Users respond negatively if privileges are removed without explanation. In companies where IT policy hasn’t been enforced or where users expect to have full autonomy over PCs, the transition to least privilege desktops must be carefully planned so the IT department doesn’t face a user revolt. Make sure you set users’ expectations accordingly and before they arrive to work one morning to find their administrative privileges have been removed.

Secure and Flexible
If it’s difficult to share files, users find workarounds even if it breaks company policy, such as telling colleagues their account passwords or using removable USB drives. IT policy should be balanced so that users can do what they need without any significant barriers in the way, and that applies equally to security.
By applying a well-documented least privilege policy with a proper education program when it is introduced to ensure that staff realise why it has been put in place organisations can ensure against many data breaches. The latest privilege management technologies can act as a powerful tool to empower organisations to remove administrative privileges from end while at the same time ensuring that the end user experience is not negatively impacted. With the use of application whitelisting and the ability to customise UAC prompts, these solutions can further help to secure PCs and at the same time maintain the flexibility and customisation that users have become accustomed to.
In a world of social media where bring your own device into the enterprise has led to many critical failures it is essential that staff realise the damage they could unintentionally cause by seemingly innocuous changes to their desktops. It is important to have a policy in place because many employees will have friends in other enterprises which are not as security conscious when he can bring their smart phones in and use Dropbox with impunity. Once the dangers are outlined and they realise they are being treated like adults these fears will drop away.


VP Bank Selects AxiomSL to Meet Multi-Jurisdictional Risk and Regulatory Reporting Requirements



VP Bank Selects AxiomSL to Meet Multi-Jurisdictional Risk and Regulatory Reporting Requirements 1

Consolidates bank’s reporting on a single platform for financial/statistical, AnaCredit, and CRR2/Basel-driven mandates including ICAAP and ILAAP, and provides foundation for strategic expansion

AxiomSL,  the industry’s leading provider of risk and regulatory reporting solutions, today announces that VP Bank, one of the largest banks in Liechtenstein,  has selected AxiomSL’s ControllerView® data integrity and control platform, as a foundation for its risk and regulatory compliance across Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Singapore and Switzerland, – encompassing financial and statistical reporting such as CSSF,  FINMA, AnaCredit for EBA, MAS 610 for Singapore, and CRR2- and BCBS-driven requirements including ICAAP and ILAAP for FMA.

The high-performance, fully integrated, data-driven platform will enable VP Bank to manage an array of risk and regulatory mandates on a single platform, with full transparency across all processes from ingestion, calculation, reconciliation, and validation to submission. VP Bank will use the platform strategically to further data harmonization, streamline processes, enhance automation, bolster internal controls, and strengthen risk and regulatory reporting across the enterprise.

“Selecting AxiomSL will enhance the value of our investment in regulatory technology, optimize efficiency, and deliver business insights,” stated Robert Kilga, Head of Group Financial Management & Reporting, VP Bank. “With AxiomSL’s single platform, we can ingest data in its native format from multiple sources thus creating synergies between capital, liquidity, and other business functions enterprise-wide,” he continued. “AxiomSL’s system provides intuitive, hands-on transparency into all processes from inception to filing, enhancing our confidence in the data integrity and auditability of our reporting, and enabling us to meet ever-changing regulatory requirements”.

“We are thrilled that VP Bank, such a well-respected institution, has joined our esteemed user community in the DACH region and globally,” said Claudia Thurner, EMEA General Manager, AxiomSL. “In these times of global uncertainty, complying with a wide range of regulatory and risk requirements across jurisdictions is more complex, data intensive, and time sensitive than ever. Financial institutions require a reliable technology partner who can provide global coverage while understanding the intricacies of local and regional regulatory demands,” Thurner continued. “Our industry and technical expertise will enable VP Bank to streamline their processes, scale faster, and adapt swiftly and confidently to change. We look forward to a strong and strategic collaboration with VP Bank in support of their vision and growth journey”.

With the upcoming Basel IV-driven expansion, financial institutions like VP Bank are faced with the next generation of capital requirements that can easily overwhelm systems if they lack the data transparency, proper methodologies and controls to perform calculations accurately across all risk types. These calculations may have a profound effect on the banks’ portfolio management and even the entire business model.

To address these challenges, AxiomSL’s Basel Capital Solution incorporates a flexible data dictionary architecture, seamless calculation updates, full drilldown to data and processes, transparency into model calculations, and dynamic data lineage. In addition, AxiomSL’s regulatory experts provide VP Bank with a highly efficient change-management mechanism that enables them to be current with all Basel-driven changes.

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Uncertain Times for the Financial Sector… Is Open Source the Solution?



Uncertain Times for the Financial Sector… Is Open Source the Solution? 2

By Kris Sharma, Finance Sector Lead, Canonical

Financial services are an important part of the economy and play a wider role in providing liquidity and capital across the globe. But ongoing political uncertainty and the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis have deep implications for the UK’s financial services sector.

In a post-Brexit world, the industry is facing regulatory uncertainty at a whole different scale, with banking executives having to understand the implications of different scenarios, including no-deal. To reduce the risk of significant disruption, financial services firms require the right technology infrastructure to be agile and responsive to potential changes.

The role of open source

Historically, banks have been hesitant to adopt open source software. But over the course of the last few years, that thinking has begun to change. Organisations like the Open Bank Project and Fintech Open Source Foundation (FINOS) have come about with the aim of pioneering open source adoption by highlighting the benefits of collaboration within the sector. Recent acquisitions of open source companies by large and established corporate technology vendors signal that the technology is maturing into mainstream enterprise play. Banking leaders are adopting open innovation strategies to lower costs and reduce time-to-market for products and services.

Banks must prepare to rapidly implement changes to IT systems in order to comply with new regulations, which may be a costly task if firms are solely relying on traditional commercial applications. Changes to proprietary software and application platforms at short notice often have hidden costs for existing contractual arrangements due to complex licensing. Open source technology and platforms could play a crucial role in helping financial institutions manage the consequences of Brexit and the COVID-19 crisis for their IT and digital functions.

Open source software gives customers the ability to spin up instances far more quickly and respond to rapidly changing scenarios effectively. Container technology has brought about a step-change in virtualisation technology, providing almost equivalent levels of resource isolation as a traditional hypervisor. This in turn offers considerable opportunities to improve agility, efficiency, speed, and manageability within IT environments. In a survey conducted by 451 Research, almost a third of financial services firms see containers and container management as a priority they plan to begin using within the next year.

Containerisation also enables rapid deployment and updating of applications. Kubernetes, or K8s for short, is an open-source container-orchestration system for deploying, monitoring and managing apps and services across clouds. It was originally designed by Google and is now maintained by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). Kubernetes is a shining example of open source, developed by a major tech company, but now maintained by the community for all, including financial institutions, to adopt.

The data dilemma

Kris Sharma

Kris Sharma

The use cases for data and analytics in financial services are endless and offer tangible solutions to the consequences of uncertainty. Massive data assets mean that financial institutions can more accurately gauge the risk of offering a loan to a customer. Banks are already using data analytics to improve efficiency and increase productivity, and going forward, will be able to use their data to train machine learning algorithms that can automate many of their processes.

For data analytics initiatives, banks now have the option of leveraging the best of open source technologies. Databases today can deliver insights and handle any new sources of data. With models flexible enough for rich modern data, a distributed architecture built for cloud scale, and a robust ecosystem of tools, open source platforms can help banks break free from data silos and enable them to scale their innovation.

Open source databases can be deployed and integrated in the environment of choice, whether public or private cloud, on-premise or containers, based on business requirements. These database platforms can be cost effective; projects can begin as prototypes and develop quickly into production deployments. As a result of political uncertainty, financial firms will need to be much more agile. And with no vendor lock-in, they will be able to choose the provider that is best for them at any point in time, enabling this agility while avoiding expensive licensing.

As with any application running at scale, production databases and analytics applications require constant monitoring and maintenance. Engaging enterprise support for open source production databases minimises risk for business and can optimise internal efficiency.

Additionally, AI solutions have the potential to transform how banks deal with regulatory compliance issues, financial fraud and cybercrime. However, banks need to get better at using customer data for greater personalisation, enabling them to offer products and services tailored to individual consumers in real time. As yet, most financial institutions are unsure whether a post-Brexit world will focus on gaining more overseas or UK-based customers. With a data-driven approach, banks can see where the opportunities lie and how best to harness them. The opportunities are vast and, on the journey to deliver cognitive banking, financial institutions have only just scratched the surface of data analytics. But as the consequences of COVID-19 continue and Brexit uncertainty once again moves up the agenda, moving to data-first will become less of a choice and more of a necessity.

The number of data sets and the diversity of data is increasing across financial services, making data integration tasks ever more complex. The cloud offers a huge opportunity to synchronise the enterprise, breaking down operational and data silos across risk, finance, regulatory, customer support and more. Once massive data sets are combined in one place, the organisation can apply advanced analytics for integrated insights.

Uncertainty on the road ahead

Open source technology today is an agile and responsive alternative to traditional technology systems that provides financial institutions with the ability to deal with uncertainty and adapt to a range of potential outcomes.

In these unpredictable times, banking executives need to achieve agility and responsiveness while at the same time ensuring that IT systems are robust, reliable and managed effectively. And with the option to leverage the best of open source technologies, financial institutions can face whatever challenges lie ahead.

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The end of the cookie and the new era of digital marketing



The end of the cookie and the new era of digital marketing 3

By Biog Richard Wheaton, UK MD of data company fifty-five

If you are following the current announcements around data governance in digital marketing, you may be forgiven for thinking that digital media performance measurement is coming to an end. Europe’s GDPR and California’s CPA have set out the legal frameworks for new requirements for privacy compliance, and Apple’s ITP safeguards block the use of 3rd party cookies on their devices. Google is committed to following this, with similar blocks for its Chrome browser by 2022.

There are going to be some online targeting tactics that you will not be able to deploy in this new world, and for users with iPhones and Apple Mac computers, those tactics are already significantly curtailed. By 2022 there will be a whole raft of use cases in targeting tools like DMPs (Data Management Platforms) that will be rendered useless on the vast majority of devices.

So, what can you do? Are we set back to the days of purely contextual targeting, in which you bought the “eyeballs” of customers of a specific financial product or a given industrial sector by advertising in their vertical trade journal? Do we just have to send the same ad to everyone, and hope that some of them are in the market for our niche products?

Moving towards the end of 3rd party cookies

For marketers of financial products and services, these are important questions because managing your audiences is important for avoiding waste and for addressing your engaged clients and prospects in targeted and effective ways. The ability to track and remarket to customers has been a mainstay of digital marketing for the past decade. This has all been enabled by the dropping of cookies – files that sit on your PC and record your browsing activity. With moves from regulators and tech companies to protect user anonymity, the cookie while not quite dead, is certainly crumbling.

The upshot is that marketers cannot rely on 3rd party data anymore and should be wary of how any use of 3rd party data will be viewed by the regulator. This renders even the most basic consumer journey starting with a mobile search and ending with a desktop ecommerce transaction hard to measure in many cases. But the use of anonymized 1st party data can still yield critical insights, and this is where we need to focus our efforts.

From individual to anonymized data

So, what has fundamentally changed in digital measurement? The overarching shift is from a world where brands could access the log-file data of each individual user to a world of anonymized user behaviour, based on vast pools of data.

The ownership of these data pools and the ability to collect and model it sits with the brand that has the direct contact with the consumer. For large banks, insurance and pension companies, this is a resource for efficient and effective digital marketing, based on aggregated insights. For the adtech giants – Google, Amazon, Facebook – this will provide increased levels of targeting options within their tools.

The adtech identity graph

Google are in some ways the most advanced in delivering a scalable solution, which is worth examining. Google uses an undisclosed, supposedly huge sample of users for which they have collected the right consent first. They can accurately track across publishers, devices and even offline channels. From this they extrapolate to the entire population, applying machine learning or more traditional online polling. The end report is always aggregated and only available above a certain volume threshold. Facebook and Amazon are constantly developing similar aggregated audiences for targeting with their inventory.

These audience aggregation capabilities may appear to be similar to Nielsen’s panel-based measurement model. But this really is digital marketing on rocket fuel. It allows brands to leverage the tech brands’ enormous identity graphs and universal app tracking capabilities. And because their identity graphs are vast and data collection in real-time, the final estimate is not only accurate, but most of all, granular and actionable – the two main limitations of traditional panel-based systems.

Google launches machine-learning managed ad frequency
Practical applications of these tools are valuable to marketers. For examples, Google has recently announced the launch of a new machine-learning powered feature to manage ad frequency across its Google Ad Manager platform. It will predict how many times a user was exposed to an ad for reach and frequency analysis, based on its undisclosed sample of users who Google can track with full certainty.

This announcement comes after some similar releases across the entire stack. ‘Cross-environment estimated conversions’ will show you when customers convert on the same device, as well as when customers click a search ad on one device or browser but convert in a different environment. These are rich insights enabling you to optimize any campaigns.

Integrating the new reports into decision-making

Financial marketers will use these new features as they become available in the Google Marketing Platform, but it is also vital for these decision-makers to have their own measures of effectiveness and performance. Most of the features above are still in Beta, rarely compatible with third party systems and often difficult to export. While many media agencies are judged on ‘cost per acquisition’, this is far more difficult in a world where the conversion is estimated and therefore not auditable. This makes it absolutely essential for brand marketers to undertake their own measurement frameworks and integrate insights into their own sales and demand trackers.

The secret lies in your 1st party data given the fact that it is comparatively less impacted than 3rd party data, with the one-day notice in Safari and as-yet unaffected in Chrome. There is still a scope for projects that focus on maximizing how you capture and use your first person data, both to employ smarter segmentation of your media activation, and to obtain insights by separating out your Chrome from your ITP lines to tailor your campaign activation and measurement.

Richard Wheaton

Richard Wheaton

It will also be valuable for marketers in finance sectors to use their own data to build better targeting capabilities, and to monitor and validate the information they are getting from the large tech companies, whose insights are otherwise largely unauditable.

There is also a time-limit to the availability of these measurable insights, because when Google removes open-ended access to your 1st party cookies, the ability of brands to obtain these insights will reduced to almost zero.

A measurement mindset

While people might mourn the loss of the present system, in truth very few brands have had the genuine discipline or technical knowledge to make their measurement truly insightful. And in reality, even for brands that made the effort to obtain genuinely robust data, the figures in their analyses were not 100% accurate, with data discrepancies and ad fraud skewing the findings providing a false picture. Some will also be uncomfortable with the aggregation of power within the big tech companies, but the options will be increasingly few to work outside their platforms.

In the post-cookie world, what is really required is a change of mindset when measuring performance, which will be as important to you as the tools and technology that you use. We are in a new era and those who are prepared to adapt their thinking are best placed to succeed.

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