- IPOs outperforming the market 10.5% in first year
- 70% of listed companies see value rise on debut day, with average price rise of 5.7% across board
- Performance wanes over longer term – margin of outperformance offset by greater chance of underperforming
- Three quarters of companies still listed 10 years after IPO
With the IPO market bursting into life in 2014, new research from Capita Asset Services, which provides expert shareholder and corporate administration services, shows investors who buy into an IPO would see their returns outstrip the wider market.
Detailed analysis of 10 years of UK IPOs shows that in their first month, new listings outperformed the FTSE All Share 7.0% on average. After 6 months, they are 11.5% ahead. After a year, the average listing has outpaced the index by 10.5%.
Not only that, but the all important first day bounce, necessary to give investors some instant gratification, is alive and well. On average, new listings rise 5.7% on day one, outperforming the market by 5.4%.
This is not just the result of a minority of companies seeing strong gains. On the first day of trading, investors stand a 70% chance of seeing a price rise.
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Equally, 70% of companies analysed ended their first month of public trading with greater gains than the FTSE All-share, while a majority (53%) still outperform a year on.
Over the longer term, while the probability of a company outperforming the wider index inevitably falls, the gains made by those that outperform outweighs the losses by those that see worse growth than the FTSE All-Share. 57% of companies see slower growth than the index after two years, although across the board, there is an average outperformance of 7.6%.
Five years from IPO, the trend persists. Although the number of companies outperforming the market falls to a third (32%), on average there is still an outperformance of 3.7%, even accounting for companies that went into administration or were bought out.
The prospects for a PLC
The ten year analysis also highlights the prospects of a newly listed company. Following an IPO, an average of 77% of companies are still listed on the London Stock Exchange ten years on. Of the 23% that are no longer listed, around 18% have either been acquired or involved in a merger, with the remainder going into administration. However, it is worth noting that often an acquisition or merger can be as a rescue or means to prevent administration.
Justin Cooper, CEO of Shareholder Solutions at Capita Asset Services, said: “The IPO market has been reaching fever pitch so far this year, with a steadily increasing queue of companies looking to take advantage of strengthened market conditions. As things stand, our preliminary forecast made last summer that the value of IPOs would increase by 50% this year is already looking conservative. IPOs perform a vital function, bringing fresh life to the market, boosting the variety for both retail and institutional investors in light of the long-term attrition that takes place on the market as companies go through their life cycles. For issuers, listing presents a key exit opportunity for owners, or a means to raise new capital for investment.
“Our research shows investors should be confident about buying into new issues, as long as they do their homework. Pricing is paramount. Leaving too large an upside for investors suggests companies have undersold themselves, which can be very politically sensitive if the owner is the taxpayer, as the Royal Mail example shows. On the other hand, overpricing means a bad start for the stock, alienating investors from the outset; a bad way to kick off your investor relations campaign. Broadly, companies seem to have been getting it right – even through the turmoil of the last few years. Over the longer-term, beyond the usual holding period of a typical institution, the IPO bounce subsides, and the chance any individual stock will continue to outperform reduces. But this is the same with any share, so investors must keep their portfolio under review.”