By Hamza Khan, Founder and CEO, Suburbia
In the analytics world, the HiPPO (or Highest Paid Person’s Opinion) is an all too common presence at the head of our organizations. We bring the best data to the table in the hope that executives want to make rational and evidence-based decisions, but then, as research from the University of London showed, the executives so often ignore that and go with their gut instinct.
This is even the case when it comes to making investment decisions, with a German study published in the Journal of Finance showing that CEOs are even favouring gut instinct when making hard, cold financial decisions.
The gut instinct approach is severely limiting the company performance, with a report by the McKinsey Global Institute showing that data-driven organizations were 23 times more likely to acquire customers, and 19 times more likely to be profitable. The strange thing is, most executives are aware of this. Indeed, data from EY showed that 81% of executives agreed that data should be the driver for everything they do.
So what’s holding companies back? Sure, there is a well recognised shortage in data science talent across industry, with data from Crowdflower suggesting nearly 4 in 5 companies are struggling to attract and retain the talent they need to fulfil their data-driven ambitions.
Poor quality data
Perhaps more pertinent is the quality of data organisations have at their disposal. This is where alternative data can take financial decision-making to a whole new level.
Investors no longer have to rely on quarterly earnings reports and rumours heard on the grapevine to gauge how companies are doing, as a plethora of alternative data sources offer to give detailed and timely insights into company performance. For instance, it was common for investors to perform physical headcounts of shoppers to gauge the vitality of a retailer, but now with satellite images, it’s possible to simply count the number of cars in the parking lot instead. Anonymized and aggregated transaction-level data is also available now, offering the most reliable indicator of performance by far.
It’s an approach that is gaining heavyweight backing, with titans such as Goldman Sachs and J.P. Morgan Chase making big investments in alternative data. It’s created a world in which there are several hundred alternative data providers on the market, and yet there remains a strong sense that we are barely scratching the surface of what is truly possible.
The new oil
After all, we’re living in an age where data is the new oil, and vast fortunes have been amassed by technology companies that have managed to accumulate incredibly rich and detailed datasets on their users. The major difference with alternative data, is that it provides a new way of leveraging data which doesn’t include personal information. It is both highly valuable to the investor and, at the same time, protects the privacy of individuals.
Alternative data provides the context that is so important to successful financial decision-making. For instance, news of the gas explosion in Baumgarten, Austria that sent crude oil prices soaring first emerged on Twitter, where eyewitnesses shared their stories long before the news made the media headlines, thus giving those with their fingers on the pulse an early informational advantage.
The value of data has also been acknowledged by the UK government, with the UK Treasury issuing a paper last year highlighting the potential for data to fundamentally transform not only the finance sector, but the entire British economy.
Indeed, data released in 2017 by Deloitte and Transport for London (TfL) put the value of TfL’s open data set at around £130 million in terms of the impact it’s made on the London economy, and so it’s perhaps no surprise that a recent report from EY found that 78% of hedge funds are currently using, or expect to use, alternative data in their businesses.
The volume, velocity and variety of data from an ever-growing number of sources has coincided with the onward march of computing power that enables organisations to process the data at scale. It’s a world in which practically every action is being recorded, allowing organisations to connect the dots and draw inferences that guide smarter decisions.
What’s more, the rise of cloud computing has placed this computational power in the hands of even the smallest companies, as they no longer have to build and maintain a hugely expensive IT infrastructure themselves.
The competitive advantage alternative data is providing to banks and financial institutions is clear and should be at the forefront of their business strategies. However, the fact that data literacy remains so varied, underlines the real opportunity for those who do master data-driven decision making to run laps around their rivals.
UK seeks G7 consensus on digital competition after Facebook blackout
LONDON (Reuters) – Britain is seeking to build a consensus among G7 nations on how to stop large technology companies exploiting their dominance, warning that there can be no repeat of Facebook’s one-week media blackout in Australia.
Facebook’s row with the Australian government over payment for local news, although now resolved, has increased international focus on the power wielded by tech corporations.
“We will hold these companies to account and bridge the gap between what they say they do and what happens in practice,” Britain’s digital minister Oliver Dowden said on Friday.
“We will prevent these firms from exploiting their dominance to the detriment of people and the businesses that rely on them.”
Dowden said recent events had strengthened his view that digital markets did not currently function properly.
He spoke after a meeting with Facebook’s Vice-President for Global Affairs, Nick Clegg, a former British deputy prime minister.
“I put these concerns to Facebook and set out our interest in levelling the playing field to enable proper commercial relationships to be formed. We must avoid such nuclear options being taken again,” Dowden said in a statement.
Facebook said in a statement that the call had been constructive, and that it had already struck commercial deals with most major publishers in Britain.
“Nick strongly agreed with the Secretary of Stateâ€™s (Dowden’s) assertion that the governmentâ€™s general preference is for companies to enter freely into proper commercial relationships with each other,” a Facebook spokesman said.
Britain will host a meeting of G7 leaders in June.
It is seeking to build consensus there for coordinated action toward “promoting competitive, innovative digital markets while protecting the free speech and journalism that underpin our democracy and precious liberties,” Dowden said.
The G7 comprises the United States, Japan, Britain, Germany, France, Italy and Canada, but Australia has also been invited.
Britain is working on a new competition regime aimed at giving consumers more control over their data, and introducing legislation that could regulate social media platforms to prevent the spread of illegal or extremist content and bullying.
(Reporting by William James; Editing by Gareth Jones and John Stonestreet)
Britain to offer fast-track visas to bolster fintechs after Brexit
By Huw Jones
LONDON (Reuters) – Britain said on Friday it would offer a fast-track visa scheme for jobs at high-growth companies after a government-backed review warned that financial technology firms will struggle with Brexit and tougher competition for global talent.
Finance minister Rishi Sunak said that now Britain has left the European Union, it wants to make sure its immigration system helps businesses attract the best hires.
“This new fast-track scale-up stream will make it easier for fintech firms to recruit innovators and job creators, who will help them grow,” Sunak said in a statement.
Over 40% of fintech staff in Britain come from overseas, and the new visa scheme, open to migrants with job offers at high-growth firms that are scaling up, will start in March 2022.
Brexit cut fintechs’ access to the EU single market and made it far harder to employ staff from the bloc, leaving Britain less attractive for the industry.
The review published on Friday and headed by Ron Kalifa, former CEO of payments fintech Worldpay, set out a “strategy and delivery model” that also includes a new 1 billion pound ($1.39 billion) start-up fund.
“It’s about underpinning financial services and our place in the world, and bringing innovation into mainstream banking,” Kalifa told Reuters.
Britain has a 10% share of the global fintech market, generating 11 billion pounds ($15.6 billion) in revenue.
The review said Brexit, heavy investment in fintech by Australia, Canada and Singapore, and the need to be nimbler as COVID-19 accelerates digitalisation of finance, all mean the sector’s future in Britain is not assured.
It also recommends more flexible listing rules for fintechs to catch up with New York.
“We recognise the need to make the UK attractive a more attractive location for IPOs,” said Britain’s financial services minister John Glen, adding that a separate review on listings rules would be published shortly.
“Those findings, along with Ron’s report today, should provide an excellent evidence base for further reform.”
Britain pioneered “sandboxes” to allow fintechs to test products on real consumers under supervision, and the review says regulators should move to the next stage and set up “scale-boxes” to help fintechs navigate red tape to grow.
“It’s a question of knowing who to call when there’s a problem,” said Kay Swinburne, vice chair of financial services at consultants KPMG and a contributor to the review.
A UK fintech wanting to serve EU clients would have to open a hub in the bloc, an expensive undertaking for a start-up.
“Leaving the EU and access to the single market going away is a big deal, so the UK has to do something significant to make fintechs stay here,” Swinburne said.
The review seeks to join the dots on fintech policy across government departments and regulators, and marshal private sector efforts under a new Centre for Finance, Innovation and Technology (CFIT).
“There is no framework but bits of individual policies, and nowhere does it come together,” said Rachel Kent, a lawyer at Hogan Lovells and contributor to the review.
($1 = 0.7064 pounds)
(Reporting by Huw Jones; editing by Jane Merriman and John Stonestreet)
G20 to show united front on support for global economic recovery, cash for IMF
By Michael Nienaber and Andrea Shalal
BERLIN/WASHINGTON/ROME (Reuters) – The world’s financial leaders are expected on Friday to agree to continue supportive measures for the global economy and look to boost the International Monetary Fund’s resources so it can help poorer countries fight off the effects of the pandemic.
Finance ministers and central bank governors of the world’s top 20 economies, called the G20, held a video-conference on Friday. The global response to the economic havoc wreaked by the coronavirus was at top of the agenda.
In the first comments by a participating policymaker, the European Union’s economics commissioner Paolo Gentiloni said the meeting had been “good”, with consensus on the need for a common effort on global COVID vaccinations.
“Avoid premature withdrawal of supportive fiscal policy” and “progress towards agreement on digital and minimal taxation” he said in a Tweet, signalling other areas of apparent accord.
A news conference by Italy, which holds the annual G20 presidency, is scheduled for 17.15 (1615 GMT)
The meeting comes as the United States is readying $1.9 trillion in fiscal stimulus and the European Union has already put together more than 3 trillion euros ($3.63 trillion) to keep its economies going despite COVID-19 lockdowns.
But despite the large sums, problems with the global rollout of vaccines and the emergence of new variants of the coronavirus mean the future of the recovery remains uncertain.
German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz warned earlier on Friday that recovery was taking longer than expected and it was too early to roll back support.
“Contrary to what had been hoped for, we cannot speak of a full recovery yet. For us in the G20 talks, the central task remains to lead our countries through the severe crisis,” Scholz told reporters ahead of the virtual meeting.
“We must not scale back the support programmes too early and too quickly. That’s what I’m also going to campaign for among my G20 colleagues today,” he said.
Hopes for constructive discussions at the meeting are high among G20 countries because it is the first since Joe Biden, who vowed to rebuild cooperation in international bodies, became U.S. president.
While the IMF sees the U.S. economy returning to pre-crisis levels at the end of this year, it may take Europe until the middle of 2022 to reach that point.
The recovery is fragile elsewhere too – factory activity in China grew at the slowest pace in five months in January, hit by a wave of domestic coronavirus infections, and in Japan fourth quarter growth slowed from the previous quarter with new lockdowns clouding the outlook.
“The initially hoped-for V-shaped recovery is now increasingly looking rather more like a long U-shaped recovery. That is why the stabilization measures in almost all G20 states have to be maintained in order to continue supporting the economy,” a G20 official said.
But while the richest economies can afford to stimulate an economic recovery by borrowing more on the market, poorer ones would benefit from being able to tap credit lines from the IMF — the global lender of last resort.
To give itself more firepower, the Fund proposed last year to increase its war chest by $500 billion in the IMF’s own currency called the Special Drawing Rights (SDR), but the idea was blocked by then U.S. President Donald Trump.
Scholz said the change of administration in Washington on Jan. 20 improved the prospects for more IMF resources. He pointed to a letter sent by U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen to G20 colleagues on Thursday, which he described as a positive sign also for efforts to reform global tax rules.
Civil society groups, religious leaders and some Democratic lawmakers in the U.S. Congress have called for a much larger allocation of IMF resources, of $3 trillion, but sources familiar with the matter said they viewed such a large move as unlikely for now.
The G20 may also agree to extend a suspension of debt servicing for poorest countries by another six months.
($1 = 0.8254 euros)
(Reporting by Michael Nienaber in Berlin, Jan Strupczewski in Brussels and Gavin Jones in Rome; Andrea Shalal and David Lawder in Washington; Editing by Daniel Wallis, Susan Fenton and Crispian Balmer)
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