By Herbert Lash and Joice Alves
NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) – The dollar eased against the euro and yen on Wednesday as concerns mounted that interest rate hikes by major central banks to contain inflation run the risk of inducing a sharp global slowdown or recession.
British consumer price inflation hit a new 40-year high at 9.1% in May, while annual Canadian inflation surged to 7.7% last month to the highest rate since January 1983, in the latest data to show consumer prices running hotter than expected. 
Sterling initially lost almost 1% as it fell to a near one-week low of $1.2162, but it later pared losses. The Canadian dollar slid against the U.S. currency, but it remained below the 1.30 level it breeched last Friday and on Monday.
Market players are torn between recognizing that central banks are tightening financial conditions more aggressively than expected a month ago or two months ago and concern about what the economic fallout is going to be, said Marc Chandler, chief market strategist at Bannockburn Global Forex.
“Sentiment is fickle partly because weâ€™re unsure when inflation will peak,” Chandler said. “Everything is being driven by inflation, inflation expectations and central bank policy.”
The Federal Reserve is “strongly committed” to bringing down inflation and policymakers are acting “expeditiously to do so,” U.S. central bank chief Jerome Powell said in prepared remarks for a hearing before the U.S. Senate Banking Committee.
“Inflation has obviously surprised to the upside and further surprises could be in store,” Powell said in the remarks.
The dollar index fell 0.201%, with the euro up 0.32% to $1.0559. The Japanese yen strengthened 0.53% to 135.89 per dollar, while sterling was last 0.06% lower at $1.2265.
The safe-haven dollar has been gaining ground on most peers. The yen hit a fresh 24-year low as rising U.S. and European bond yields contrasted with low Japanese interest rates.
“Recession fears are growing as central bankers slow demand to curb inflation. Pro-cyclical currencies are on the back foot and the dollar remains very much in demand,” said Chris Turner, global head of markets at ING.
Analysts see no immediate end to a sell-off that has seen the yen weaken 18% this year from 115.08 at the end of 2021.
The currency has been weakening as higher energy prices put pressure on Japan’s current account and because of the ever- widening gap between yields on Japanese government bonds and U.S. Treasuries.
The Bank of Japan last week maintained ultra-low interest rates and vowed to defend its policy of yield curve control (YCC), which effectively caps the yield on the 10-year Japanese government bond at 0.25%.
“Dollar/yen is continuing to trade on the Treasury yields, which have been stable but with the 10-year staying above the 3.20% level while the Bank of Japan has done a lot to defend YCC,” said Redmond Wong, market strategist at Saxo Markets Hong Kong.
Currency bid prices at 10:09 AM (1409 GMT)
Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid
Dollar index 104.1700 104.4300 -0.24% 8.893% +104.9500 +104.1100
Euro/Dollar $1.0563 $1.0535 +0.27% -7.09% +$1.0570 +$1.0470
Dollar/Yen 135.8350 136.6900 -0.61% +18.01% +136.7100 +135.6800
Euro/Yen 143.47 143.94 -0.33% +10.09% +144.0100 +142.6800
Dollar/Swiss 0.9609 0.9666 -0.59% +5.34% +0.9689 +0.9600
Sterling/Dollar $1.2269 $1.2279 -0.06% -9.27% +$1.2302 +$1.2163
Dollar/Canadian 1.2953 1.2917 +0.30% +2.47% +1.2996 +1.2915
Aussie/Dollar $0.6930 $0.6974 -0.62% -4.66% +$0.6972 +$0.6882
Euro/Swiss 1.0150 1.0175 -0.25% -2.11% +1.0178 +1.0133
Euro/Sterling 0.8606 0.8582 +0.28% +2.45% +0.8623 +0.8575
NZ $0.6289 $0.6330 -0.63% -8.11% +$0.6331 +$0.6244
Dollar/Norway 9.9350 9.8435 +1.00% +12.85% +9.9970 +9.8800
Euro/Norway 10.4962 10.3647 +1.27% +4.83% +10.5210 +10.3648
Dollar/Sweden 10.1010 10.1004 +0.33% +12.01% +10.1927 +10.0965
Euro/Sweden 10.6719 10.6371 +0.33% +4.28% +10.6915 +10.6400
(Reporting by Herbert Lash, additional reporting by Joice Alves and Alun John; Editing by Muralikumar Anantharaman, Mark Potter and Emelia Sithole-Matarise)