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About Online Trading

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Over the past few years, growing economic turmoil across the world has compelled many individuals to reconsider their options when it comes to retirement planning. The earning class is constantly in search of options that not only enable us to secure our hard-earned money but also multiply the same for a good living, as not everyone is born with a silver spoon in their mouth.

Consider this. Do you make shopping lists before going to the supermarket? What about wish-lists for products you want but cannot afford at that exact moment? This is exactly the essence of financial planning – determining what you need and afford at a certain time and finding the most convenient way and time to purchase those items. Hence an efficient financial planning will allow you to find out the most convenient way and the right time to make acquisitions without ending with a big hole in your budget.

We can find different companies showing us ways to do so. Not that these companies are set up recently, but are present in the financial market for quite some time now.

Financial instruments come in all shapes and sizes and choosing the right place to entrust your money can be a mystifying task. However, with a little knowledge, anyone can become an investor and many individuals are turning towards fixed rate bonds as their preferred option when browsing high interest savings.  Now the question is how and where can you invest this money? Well, there are many options/or safe havens one can find. There is an abundance of qualified financial planners/ firms in the market who can suggest you suitable ways to help you identify products which turn out to be a real cash cow for you in the long run.

There are ways of investment that may be risky (esp. stocks/shares/mutual funds) or non-risky stuffs- which is to safeguard oneself from huge financial sufferings.
As far as the risk factor is concerned (trading into stocks/shares), there are firms which promises to help manage the your(trader) portfolio while paying personal attention to the shares you buy, albeit suggest you the profitable shares to be bought by paying the required amount of commission for their services.

But the invention of internet has brought about many changes in the way we conduct our lives and our personal business. Since the invention of internet people have been able to do practically everything virtually. We can pay our bills online, shop online, bank online, and even date online!

Erstwhile era of trading involved cries across the floor of stock exchange to trade in paper shares. Thanks to modern advancements in mobile technology, Smartphone users can tap into a variety of mobile applications related to business news, industry information and financial market updates. Mobile trading applications have changed the way people think about trading and have empowered and encouraged more individuals to invest in the stock market.

Even the brokers have incorporated this technology to attract more clients and create more knowledge while trading. Most brokers and brokerage houses now offer online trading to their clients. Interestingly, online trading activity costs less, so that the client does not feel the pinch. Gone are the days when clients had to worry about the woes of losing the paper shares accidentally.  Online trading, also known as direct access trading (DAT), has given anyone who has a computer, enough money to open an account and a reasonably good financial history, the ability to invest in the stock market. You don’t have to have a personal broker or a disposable fortune to do it, and most analysts agree that average people trading stock is no longer a sign of impending doom.

Now the trading in paper shares is replaced with Demat trading. Demat trading means the shares are held in electronic form with depositories. Demat trading is a prelude to online trading. Dematerialization of all shares has provided a platform for online trading and today online trading has spread its wings to futures /derivatives trading in stock market, investment in mutual funds, post office schemes, insurance applying for initial public offer (IPOs)and commodity trading.

Other advantages of Online trading includes:

  • Fully automated trading process which is broker independent
  • Informed decision making and access to advanced trading tools
  • Traders/investors having direct control over their trading portfolio
  • Traders’ ability to trade multiple markets and/or products
  • Real time market data
  • Faster trade execution
  • Discount commission rates
  • Low capital requirements
  • High leverage offered by brokers for trading on margin
  • Easy to open and manage account
  • No geographical limits

But the question arises that “is online trading the safer alternative to regular paper-share trading?” Analysts seem to differ to this opinion. There are certain drawbacks to this mechanism as well.
Disadvantages:

  • Need to activate speedy internet connection
  • Online frauds by hackers.
  • Non maintenance of secrecy for password by user leading to misuse.
  • The requirement to fulfil specific activity and account minimum as demanded by the broker
  • Greater risk if trades done extensively on margin
  • Monthly software usage fees
  • Chances of trading loss due to mechanical/platform failures
  • Online traders are solely responsible for their trading decisions & cannot expect any personal assistance in the due course of online trading.
  • The fee involved in trading varies considerably with broker, market, ECN and type of trading account and software.
  • Some online brokers may also charge inactivity fees on traders.

For a newbie in stock trading, it is advisable to hire traditional brokers who can not only assist you with the right selection of stocks, but also listens to your requirements, answers your questions for a better understanding of the financial market.

Again, online trading is a beautiful thing which is easily accessible – but it isn’t for everyone. So, think carefully before you decide to do your trading online, and make sure that you really know what you are doing.

Trading

Factors That Affect the Direction of the Stock Market

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Factors That Affect the Direction of the Stock Market 1

A stock price represents the value of a particular stock of a particular entity, asset or another financial instrument. It is calculated by calculating the price per share of the stock at a particular price and period in time.

There are various factors that affect the direction of the stock market. These factors include interest rates and inflation rates as well as the state of the economy. If one of these factors is not in the favor of the stock market, then it could bring about a downfall of its value.

The stock prices are also affected by various stock indexes, which provide information on a particular company or industry. It helps to analyze the trends of the stock market and makes better decisions when buying and selling.

However, there are some major factors that can influence the performance of the stock market. One such factor is the state of the economy. The state of the economy refers to how well the economy is doing economically. If there is an economic decline in a particular country, then the state of the economy would be affected and the stock market would also take a hit.

Economic conditions can also affect the performance of the stock markets. For example, if the state of the economy is poor and the population is experiencing unemployment, then the economy will suffer and the stock prices will definitely take a hit.

Political turmoil can also bring about a negative effect on the stock markets because it affects the economic conditions and the way people relate to the government. When there is a lack of confidence in the state of the economy and people tend to sell off their stock at cheaper prices, the stocks of the company would suffer.

Another important factor that influences the direction of the stock market is the change in the global economy. It has been proven that the changes in the global economy are very large and it can affect the direction of the stock market in a major way. For example, during the global recession in 2020, the stock prices of many companies suffered a great deal and so did the profits of the company.

The most important thing that determines the direction of the stock market is the state of the economy and the state of the country in which the stock market is based. It is therefore, very important to invest in the stock market as a company that is in good condition. This is because it will help in ensuring the stability in the economy.

The price of the stock market is also affected by the political stability of the country in which the stock market is based. If there is a rise in the political instability, then the price of the stocks would surely go up. However, when the political stability improves, the prices of the stocks will definitely fall.

The factors that affect the direction of the stock market include the conditions in which the economy is doing. It is therefore, very important to have a good understanding of how the economic conditions in a certain country are progressing. This will help in making better investments.

There are certain countries that are very stable and these countries have a very high demand for the stocks of other countries. This means that people from those countries will invest in stocks of countries that are in good condition, and these investments will yield profits for them.

There are also certain countries that have very bad economic conditions and these countries have a very low demand for the stocks of other countries. These countries are also in need of investments and these investments will yield huge losses for them. Therefore, investing in these countries is not advised because these stocks will yield zero returns.

The stock markets are not stable unless there are good economic conditions prevailing in a country. This means that one has to know the economic condition of the country in order to make investments. Investing in the stock market is the best way to do this because investing will always yield returns, as long as the country in which one is investing is stable.

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How has the online trading landscape changed in 2020?

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How has the online trading landscape changed in 2020? 2

By Dáire Ferguson, CEO, AvaTrade 

This year has been all about change following the outbreak of coronavirus and the subsequent global economic downturn which has impacted nearly every aspect of personal and business life. The online trading world has been no exception to this change as volatility in the financial markets has soared.

Although the global markets have been on a rollercoaster for some time with various geopolitical tensions, the market swings that we have witnessed since March have undoubtedly been unlike anything seen before. While these are indeed challenging times, for the online trading community, the increased volatility has proven tempting for those looking to profit handsomely.

However, with the opportunity to make greater profits also comes the possibility to make a loss, so how has 2020 changed the online trading landscape and how can retail investors stay safe?

Lockdown boost

Interest rates offered by banks and other traditional forms of consumer investments have been uninspiring for some time, but with the current economic frailty, the Bank of England cut interest rates to an all-time low. This has left many people in search of more exciting and rewarding ways to grow their savings which is indeed something online trading can provide.

When the pandemic hit earlier this year, it was widely reported that user numbers for online trading rocketed due to disappointing savings rates but also because the enforced lockdown gave more people the time to learn a new skill and educate themselves on online trading.

Dáire Ferguson

Dáire Ferguson

A volatile market certainly offers great scope for profit and new sources of revenue for those that are savvy enough to put their convictions to the test. However, where people stand the chance to profit greatly from market volatility, there is also the possibility to make a loss, particularly for those that are new to online trading or who are still developing their understanding of the market.

The sharp rise in online trading over lockdown paired with this year’s unpredictable global economy has led to some financial losses, but with a number of risk management tools now available this does not necessarily have to be the case.

Protect your assets

Although not yet widely available across the retail market, risk management tools are slowly becoming more prevalent and being offered by online traders as an extra layer of security for those seeking to trade in riskier climates.

There are a range of options available for traders, but amongst the common tools are “take profit” orders in conjunction with “stop loss” orders. A take profit order is a type of limit order that specifies the exact price for traders to close out an open position for a profit, and if the price of the security does not reach the limit price, the take profit order will not be fulfilled. A stop loss order can limit the trader’s loss on a security position by buying or selling a stock when it reaches a certain price.

Take profit and stop loss orders are good for mitigating risk, but for those that are new to the game or who would prefer extra support, there are even some risk management tools, such as AvaProtect, that provide total protection against loss for a defined period. This means that if the market moves in the wrong direction than originally anticipated, traders can recoup their losses, minus the cost of taking out the protection.

Not a day has gone by this year without the news prompting a change in the financial markets. Until a cure for the coronavirus is discovered, we are unlikely to return to ‘normal’ and the global markets will continue to remain highly volatile. In addition, later this year we will witness one of the most critical US presidential elections in history and the UK’s transition period for Brexit will come to an end. The outcome of these events may well trigger further volatility.

Of course, this may also encourage more people to dip their toes into online trading for a chance to profit. As more people take an interest and sign up to online trading platforms, providers will certainly look to increase or improve the risk management tools on offer to try and keep new users on board, and this could spell a new era for the online trading world.

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Trading Strategies

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Trading Strategies 3

By Paddy Osborn, Academic Dean, London Academy of Trading

Whether you’re negotiating a business deal, playing a sport or trading financial markets, it’s vital that you have a plan. Top golfers will have a strategy to get around the course in the fewest number of shots possible, and without this plan, their score will undoubtedly be worse. It’s the same with trading. You can’t just open a trading account and trade off hunches and hopes. You need to create a structured and robust plan of attack. This will not only improve your profitability, but will also significantly reduce your stress levels during the decision-making process.

In my opinion, there are four stages to any trading strategy.

S – Set-up

T – Trigger

E – Execution

M – Management

Good trading performance STEMs from a structured trading process, so you should have one or more specific rules for each stage of this process.

Before executing any trades, you need to decide on your criteria for making your trading decisions. Should you base your trades off fundamental analysis, or maybe political news or macroeconomic data? If so, then you need to understand these subjects and how markets react to specific news events.

Alternatively, of course, there’s technical analysis, whereby you base your decisions off charts and previous price action, but again, you need a set of specific rules to enable you to trade with a consistent strategy. Many traders combine both fundamental and technical analysis to initiate their positions, which, I believe, has merit.

Set-up

What needs to happen for you to say “Ah, this looks interesting! Here’s a potential trade.”? It may be a news event, a major macro data announcement (such as interest rates, employment data or inflation), or a chart level breakout. The key ingredient throughout is to fix specific and measurable rules (not rough guidelines that can be over-ridden on a whim with an emotional decision). For me, I may take a view on the potential direction of an asset (i.e. whether to be long or short) through fundamental analysis, but the actual execution of the trade is always technical, based off a very specific set of rules.

To take a simple example, let’s assume an asset has been trending higher, but has stopped at a certain price, let’s say 150. The chart is telling us that, although buyers are in long-term control, sellers are dominant at 150, willing to sell each time the price touches this level. However, the uptrend may still be in place, since each time the price pulls back from the 150 level, the selling is weaker and the price makes a higher short-term low. This clearly suggests that upward pressure remains, and there’s potential to profit from the uptrend if the price breaks higher.

Trigger

Once you’ve found a potential new trade set-up, the next step is to decide when to pull the trigger on the trade. However, there are two steps to this process… finger on trigger, then pull the trigger to execute.

Paddy Osborn

Paddy Osborn

Continuing the example above, the trigger would be to buy if the price breaks above the resistance level at 150. This would indicate that the sellers at 150 have been exhausted, and the buyers have re-established control of the uptrend.  Also, it is often the case that after pause in a trend such as this, the pent-up buying returns and the price surges higher. So the trigger for this trade is a breakout above 150.

Execution

We have a finger on the trigger, but now we need to decide when to squeeze it. What if the price touches 150.10 for 10 seconds only? Has our resistance level broken sufficiently to execute the trade? I’d say not, so you need to set rules to define exactly how far the price needs to break above 150 – or for how long it needs to stay above 150 – for you to execute the trade. You’re basically looking for sufficient evidence that the uptrend is continuing. Of course, the higher the price goes (or the longer it stays above 150), the more confident you can be that the breakout is valid, but the higher price you will need to pay. There’s no perfect solution to this decision, and it depends on many things, such as the amount of other supporting evidence that you have, your levels of aggression, and so on. The critical point here is to fix a set of specific rules and stick to those rules every time.

Management

Good trade management can save a bad trade, while poor trade management can turn an excellent trade entry into a loser. I could talk for days about in-trade management, since there are many different methods you can use, but the essential ingredient for every trade is a stop loss. This is an order to exit your position for a loss if the market doesn’t perform as expected. By setting a stop loss, you can fix your maximum risk on a trade, which is essential to preserving your capital and managing your overall risk limits. Some traders set their stop loss and target levels and let the trade run to its conclusion, while others manage their trades more actively, trailing stop losses, taking interim profits, or even adding to winning positions. No matter how you decide to manage each trade, it must be the same every time, following a structured and robust process.

Review

The final step in the process is to review every trade to see if you can learn anything, particularly from your losing trades. Are you sticking to your trading rules? Could you have done better? Should you have done the trade in the first place? Only by doing these reviews will you discover any patterns of errors in your trading, and hence be able to put them right. In this way, it’s possible to monitor the success of your strategy. If your trades are random and emotional, with lots of manual intervention, then there’s no fixed process for you to review. You also need to be honest with yourself, and face up to your bad decisions in order to learn from them.

In this way, using a structured and robust trading strategy, you’ll be able to develop your trading skills – and your profits – without the stress of a more random approach.

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